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10

Please do read the summary and appreciate the post as the detailed part is disastrously long. Summary: There are a few things to keep in mind: Adultery (intercourse outside marriage) is a sin. Marriage beyond Varna especially pratiloma union (lower Varna man and higher Varna woman) is bad (Refer: 1 and 2 Killing a Brahmin is one of the major sins (Refer: 5 ...


9

Various Śūdra and Dalit people have made contributions to Sanskrit literature, so they must have been able to learn Sanskrit to begin with, including the following - King Śūdraka (apparently Śūdra caste) – composed Mṛcchakaṭika Vidura (describes himself as Śūdra caste) – proclaimed the wisest person in Mahābhārata and taught Vidura-nīti Vālmīki (supposedly ...


7

1. The Prescription of Fine (See table below to avoid reading) The basic rule for fine in case of verbal abuse has been dealt with in Dharmashastras like Brihaspati which purport to derive their authority from Manu (see below). Also from comparative notes, Yajnavalkya Smriti is in agreement with this, and as discussed here is supposed to be similar to Manu. ...


7

PV Kane in his History of the Dharma Sastra Vol 2 Part 1 Page 93 says There is no taint of untouchability when a person is touched by an untouchable in a temple, religious processions and marriages, in sacrifices, and in all festivals’ (Atri verse 249). Sātātapa quoted in the Smriti Candrika declares that there is no doṣa in touching untouchables in ...


5

There is this following verse (11.140) which supports the commentator's interpretation (mentioned in this answer), that when a number of animals have been killed, one must perform the penance of killing a human being viz: a Shudra. Manu 11.140. But for destroying one thousand (small) animals that have bones, or a whole cart-load of boneless (animals), he ...


5

Here are some of the quotes from Hindu Scripture which say Shudras can read Vedas :- Agni, the all-beholding, who is in the form of the Pavamana, the benefactor of the five orders, the precede at sacrifice: him we solicit, who is hymned by the great.(Rig Veda 9.66.20) 1 Prof Wilson writes that the five orders could indicate four castes and the outcasts. ...


4

For a Sudra male and a Vaishya woman, their offspring is called Ayogavah. Sudra male and Kshatriya women creates a Kshatri offspring. A Sudra male and a Brahmin woman creates a Chandala offspring. So, a Chandala is created only out of the union of a Sudra man and a Brahmin woman. See: Manu 10.12. From a Sudra are born an Ayogava, a Kshattri, and a Chandala, ...


4

But in Rigveda 10:53:4, all varnas and nishadas are said to perform sacrifice. It doesn't actually say that: O ye Five Tribes, be pleased with mine oblation. Some devata is the speaker of that verse, he offered an oblation, and is asking "the five tribes" to be pleased with his oblation. Nowhere is it saying that shudras, nishadhas, etc. are ...


3

Medhatithi in his commentary for this verse says: Inasmuch as the expiation prescribed is a heavy one, it should be understood as applying to a case where all these animals have been killed. The purpose of this verse is to enjoin the type of penance that must be done for killing all these animals together. So, the verse is saying that the penance (...


3

In the highly upvoted answer, I don't see how reference to commentaries of Uvata and Mahidhara led the member to conclude that Vedas can be chanted by everyone. Rishi Laugakshi is said to be the Mantra-Drashta for this verse. All this verse is talking about is one's wish to be blessed in a way that his speech can be addressed to everyone and let that speech ...


2

This is because of scripture injunction. As per Manusmriti 10.129 śaktenāpi hi śūdreṇa na kāryo dhanasañcayaḥ | śūdro hi dhanamāsādya brāhmaṇāneva bādhate || 129 || Even though he be able, the Śūdra shall not amass wealth; for having acquired wealth, the Śūdra harasses the Brāhmaṇas.—(129) Medhātithi’s states that Becoming very rich, they would make the ...


2

I am answering this question based on occupational(karmic) perspective of Varna at society level only. It is well-known that a person cannot survive without doing a karma. Everyone needs to do some karma and every person does karma. Observe the following words of Krishna With regard to the topic at hand, the Brahmanas have held opinions of various kinds. ...


2

गार्हस्थ्यं ब्रह्मदर्यं च वानप्रस्थं त्रयाश्रमाः । क्षत्रियस्यापि कथिता ये चाचारा द्विजस्य हि ।। वैखानसत्वं गार्हस्थ्यमाश्रमद्वितयं विशः । गार्हस्थ्यमुत्तमं त्वेकं शूद्रस्य क्षणदाचर ।। स्वानि वर्णाश्रमोक्तानि धर्माणीह न हापयेत् । यो हापयति तस्यासौ परिकुप्यति भास्करः ।। Transliteration : The 3 âshramas of Brahmacharya, Gârhastya & Vânaprastha are ...


2

You have to show some examples where you have seen the confusion for us to exactly understand your point. Although Shudras and mixed castes (Antyajas - those who are born out forbidden marriages) are different, a Shudra's touch is also regarded as "sullying" just like an Antyaja's touch is. Manu Smriti 3.241. A boar makes (the rite) useless by ...


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