How is prāyaścitta different from daṇḍa? Are both complementary to each other?
Prayaschitta and regal punishments (danda) both serve the same purpose: destroying the sin of the crime or sinful activity that was committed.
According to Hinduism, the king's duty is to enforce dharma and prevent adharma (sins); there is no separation of church and state. ...
In modern terms, what is the difference between pleading guilty and not-guilty for a crime that you actually committed (and gets proven later)?
Punishment is reduced if you repent.
Danda is reduced if you do Prayaschitta.
There are 4 stages of prayaschitta:
Realize = Gnana (understand the mistake)
Repent = Anutapa (mental regret)
Resolve = Sankalpa (shall ...
In Rig Veda elimination of Vritra by Indra was mentioned .
According to the Rig Veda, Vritra kept the waters of the world captive until he was killed by Indra. Tvashtra fashioned the thunderbolt (Vajrayudha) for Indra. Thereafter, he defeated Danu, the mother of Vritra.
Indra killing Viśvarūpa or Triśiras - created by Tvaṣṭā to dethrone Indra, a part ...
According to Mahābhārata, only the man is to be blamed if a woman commits adultery, so any kind of punishment on earth or hell does not apply to the woman:
If men, after accepting the hands of wives in marriage and pledging themselves to earn religious merit without being dissociated from them, seek congress with other people's wives, they then cease to ...
What is the punishment in hell for women who commit adultery?
From the Shiva Purana:
In a certain temple a scholar of divine wisdom was conducting a discourse on the holy Śivapurāṇa story some of which she happened to hear.
39—40. The portion that fell on her ears was the context in which it was said that the servants of Yama would introduce a ...
Sin (Sanskrit: पाप pāpa "vice") describes actions that create negative karma by violating moral and ethical codes, which automatically brings negative consequences.
Sri Krishna says in Gita about 3 major emotions, which result in sin.
ध्यायतो विषयान्पुंसः सङ्गस्तेषूपजायते।
सङ्गात् संजायते कामः कामात्क्रोधोऽभिजायते।।2.62।।
In the case of a ...
These are not sins. They are tāpas. Literal meaning is heat. We can say they are type of pains experienced by us due to different reasons. They are three in number and are called tāpatraya meaning trio of tāpa. The Hindi translation linked in the question also uses this terminology.
It's a mistake made in translating Hindi to English.hey are: