18

First of all, these aren't the two main sub-sects of Vaishnavism, they are the two main sub-sects of Sri Vaishnavism. There are other Vaishnava Sampradayas, like the Gaudiya Vaishnava sect that ISKCON adheres to. What distinguishes Sri Vaishnavas from other kinds of Vaishnavas are mainly two things: our beliefs, and our origins. Gaudiya Vaishnavas ...


13

Not just Chinna Jeeyar Swami, but all Sri Vaishnava Acharyas carry these three sticks. They are called the Tridanda, and they are carried by those who have taken up Tridandi Sanyasa, which is the type of Sanyasa that Sri Vaishnavas follow. The appearance of Sanyasis in general is described in this chapter of the Manu Smriti: His hair, nails, and beard ...


12

Uttara Bhaga of Linga Purana consists a section called Vishnu Mahatmya which talks about greatness Vishnu. 1st chapter to 8th chapter of UttaraBhaga describes the greatness of Lord Vishnu: The first quote comes from UttaraBhaga chapter 1 verse 7. Sage Markandaye states that verse: य एकः पुरुषः श्रेष्ठ: परमात्मा जनार्दन ।। यस्माद्ब्रह्मा ततः सर्वं समा...


12

It's because the Sadagopuram, AKA Sadagopam or Sadari, is unique to Vishnu temples. The Alwars (also spelled Azhwars) are a group of 12 ancient Vaishnava saints who lived in Tamil Nadu and are famous for their poetry in praise of Vishnu, which was pivotal in the development of the Sri Vaishnava sect (of which I'm a member). One of the most famous Alwars ...


9

Yes, Iyengars are an ofshoot of the Iyers. But Iyer didn't originally mean Smartha Brahmana. Iyer originally just denoted people of the highest jati (subcaste) of the Brahmana varna (caste). Then after the time of Adi Shankaracharya the Smartha philosophy became popular among Iyers. (Smarthas technically worship five gods whom they believe are manifestations ...


9

Ramanujacharya was not being asked to worship Shiva. Now if he had been asked to do that, he might well have refused; as discussed in this answer Sri Vaishnavas who have performed Sharanagati often do not worship other gods. That's not out of hatred towards other gods, but because after performing Sharanagati you're basically "married" to Sriman Narayana, ...


9

Sri Vaishnavas believe there are two paths to Moksha, Bhakti Yoga and Sharanagati (aka Prapatti). Bhakti Yoga is a long and difficult path to Moksha, and it has both Karma Yoga and Jnana Yoga as Angas. Here is how Vedanta Desikan describes this path in the Rahasyatraya Sara: Karma Yoga means the performance of certain kinds of Karmas or rites and duties ...


9

The verse quoted by Vedanta Desika in the Rahasyatrayasara is Garuda Purana 1.227.9 भक्तिरष्टविधा ह्येषा यस्मिन् म्लेच्छो ऽपि वर्तते स विप्रेन्द्रो मुनिः श्रीमान् स याति परमां गतिम् bhaktiraṣṭavidhā hyeṣā yasmin mleccho 'pi vartate sa viprendro muniḥ śrīmān sa yāti paramāṃ gatim I checked out the Rahasyatrayasara and it doesn't quote ...


9

Prapatti (or self-surrender) is an important aspect of SrI Vaishnava Teachings. According to pAncarAtra samhitas (Ahirbudhnya samhitA, LakshmI tantra), there are six aspects or angas to prapatti: आनुकुलस्य संकल्प: प्रतिकूल्यस्य वर्जनम् | रक्षीष्यतीति विश्वासो गोप्त्रुत्ववरणं तथा || LakshmI Tantra 17.60|| आत्मनिक्षेप कार्पण्ये षड्विधा शरणागति: ...


8

@KeshavSrinivasan has already given a fantastic answer on the origin of the practice, but I would like to address the purity aspect which you brought up. Everyone can in fact receive the Sadari, but there are differences in the way it is presented. Most people who arrive at the temple in everyday clothes will receive the Sadari placed once on their head (...


8

It turns out that the Harivamsa Southern Recension contains a chapter 'Krsnasya Nilaya Saha Vivahah', or the marriage of Krsna with Nila Devi. This chapter exactly tallies with the account of the Azhvars. It states that Yashoda had a younger brother called Kumbhaka, who was famous for his piety. He had a wife called Dharmada, who true to her name, was a ...


8

The āḻvārs, also spelt as alwars or azhwars are 12 devotional saints born in the region of south India. These saints wrote devotional poems in Tamil in the praise of Vishnu directly or his incarnations or his deity forms in different places. All these poems were compiled by Sri Nathamuni around 9th century A.D. This is discussed in this question. This ...


8

Ramanujacharya does not call Pashupatas as Kalamukhas. In fact, he explicitly states that they are different Shaivite sects, in this section of his Sri Bhashya: So far it has been shown that the doctrines of Kapila, Kanâda, Sugata, and the Arhat must be disregarded by men desirous of final beatitude; for those doctrines are all alike untenable and foreign ...


8

Ramanujacharya abandoned his wife because she was obstructing his religious practices and spiritual progress. Ramanujacharya's wife contradicted him multiple times and she created obstacles in religious progress. There were majorly three incidents which made him to do that. Most important one was his wife having a quarrel with his Acharya's wife which ...


8

The text of the Tattva Matrika says - Arccāvatāramāvatu - 'tamarukantu evvuruvam avvuruvantāṉē - tamarukantatu eppēr maṟṟappēr', 'neñciṉāl niṉaippāṉ yavaṉavaṉākum nīḷkaṭal vaṇṇaṉē' eṉṉumpaṭi svayamvyakta-tivya-ārṣa-mānuṣa-vaiṣṇava-stānaṅkaḷilē sarvasahiṣṇuvāy arcaka pāratantryattiṟku ellai nilamāy śēṣaśēṣibhāva-śabalamaiāy 'bhūmau gatam pūjayatām prameyam' ...


7

Yes, Ramanujacharya quotes from Baudhayana's Vritti several times.. First of all, in this section his commentary on Adhyaya 1 Pada 1 Sutra 1 of the Brahma Sutras, Ramanujacharya gives two quotes from Baudhayana: The purport of the entire Sûtra then is as follows: 'Since the fruit of works known through the earlier part of the Mîmâmsâ is limited and non-...


7

Ramanujacharya is not stating his own view. Rather, he is stating a Purvapaksha argument which Badari refutes in the next Sutra (Sutra 9). Here is how this PDF presents Ramanujacharya's commentary on Sutra 9. With the dissolution of the of the world of HiraNyagarbha along with him the soul of the one who has reached there goes beyond . So it is stated. ...


7

The key point here is that it is not possible to (meaningfully) perform the Nachiketa agni ritual without the Bhakti Yoga aspect. The Nachiketa yajna is not like other common yajnas; it's very definition requires the knowledge, contemplation and realization of the indwelling nature of the parabrahman in chit and achit. In other words, this is a bhakti-yoga-...


7

As said by @surya, the story of Ghantakarna is mentioned in the Bhavishya Parva of Harivamsa. I didn't found any version of it in English but I have read the story in Hindi version by Geeta Press Gorakhpur 8th edition chapter 83. I found the similar story mentioned here: The Ghantakarna episode is described in 11 chapters (chapter 73 to 83) in Bhavishya ...


7

Ghantarkarna hasn't received moksha yet. However his moksha is granted due to boon by Lord Krishna. He will attain Sayujya with Vishnu after the period of present Indra is over. It is described in chapter 83 Bhavishya Parva of Harivamsha: ततः प्रोवाच भगवान् स्थितं काममिवापरम् । अक्षयः स्वर्गवासस्ते यावदिन्द्रो वसिष्यति । तावत् स्वर्गी भवानस्तु शाशना...


7

"Who founded it & when?" Pushti mArga is the sub-sect of Rudra Sampradaya. It was founded by Vallabhacharya around 1500 AD. "How is it different than conventional Vaishnavism?" I suppose by conventtional Vaishnavism you mean Sri Vaishnavism. Main basic difference between Sri Vaishnavism and Pushti Marga is as follows: Lord Vishnu is supreme god in ...


7

Did he actually did this as given the above paragraphs? Now, this is a purely historical question and which i am not answering. I will be answering only two of your questions that can be addressed from scriptures. Suppose a Guru chants a mantra (his Ishta mantra in this case) loudly addressed to a mass gathering. Does that mean that all who gathered there ...


7

First of all, for those who don't know, the Naalayira Divya Prabandham is Nathamuni's collection of the 4000 verses of the Alwars. In any case, I know of two English translations of the entire Naalayira Divya Prabhandham, both of them online: http://4000divyaprabandam.blogspot.com, which gives English translations and explanations for all the Alwar ...


7

As per the Pancharatra Agamas which are followed by the Sri Vaishnava community, there is no restriction for followers and learners based on varna. Shudras even serve as priests in the Vaishnava temples. That is not true in the slightest, and I'm sorry that I gave you any impression to the contrary in my question. That was written in the early days of the ...


7

Vedanta Desika is fairly clear that the term Narayana is unambiguous. In the Tattvamuktakalapa 3.5 Desika states: nissādhāraṇya-nārāyaṇa-pada-viṣaye niścayaṃ yānty-abādhe sad-brahm-ādyās-samāna-prakaraṇa- paṭhitāś śaṅkitānyartha śabdāḥ। antaryantā ca nārāyaṇa iti kathitaḥ; kāraṇaṃ cāntar-ātmety asmād-apy-aika kaṇṭhyam bhavati nirupadhis tatra śambhvādi ...


7

Yes, Thenkalai Iyengars are really brahmins. Thenkalai or Tenkalai is one of the traditions in Sri Vaishnava tradition which subscribes to teachings of Pillai Lokacharya and Manavala Mahamuni. The other being Vadakalai follows Vedanta Desikan. There are mainly 18 differences between these two sects in matters like Kaivalya Moksha, how to wear the namam etc....


6

I was right about Vitruvakodu being one of the 108 Divya Desams. The reason I couldn't find it initially is that it's more commonly spelled as Vitthuvakodu or Thiruvitthuvakodu. (Thiru means holy and it is commonly added to the names of Divya Desams). Vitthuvakodu is a village in Kerala, and according to this page it is the location of the fampus story ...


6

are there any secular accounts of how Nathamuni compiled the poems of the Alwars? Western Indologists, for instance, presumably don't believe that Nathamuni acquired them by magic, so what do they think he did? The academic / western scholarly opinion is that Nathamuni was an immigrant to South India from North India and spent a lot of time mingling with ...


6

The basic six daily duties of a Brahmin are described in many Shastras and i quote from the Parashara Smriti here: Sandhyam Snanam Japo Homo Devata Atithi Pujanam Atithyam VaiswaDevam Cha Shat Karmani Dine Dine . Ablution and prayer, inaudible recitation (of sacred words), burnt- offerings, the worship of gods, hospitality to guests unexpectedly ...


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