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20

The story of Shiva (temporarily) killing Surya the sun god is told in the Ganesha Khanda of the Brahma Vaivarta Purana. (See page 349 here.) As I discuss in this answer, one of the most prominent incarnations of Vishnu in ancient times was the sage Narayana, son of Yama god of death and twin brother of the sage Nara. (Nara and Narayana were the prevous ...


13

The connection between Vishnu and the Sun is described in this chapter of the Shatapatha Brahmana of the Yajur Veda. The gods once accidentally cut off Vishnu's head with his own bow (this is all Vishnu's Lila, of course) and the head turns into the Sun: They spake, 'Whoever of us, through austerity, fervour, faith, sacrifice, and oblations, shall first ...


12

The Aditya Hridayam, meaning heart of Surya, is a hymn to Surya the sun god that the sage Agastya told Rama on the battlefield of Lanka right before his battle with Ravana, as described in the Yuddha Kanda of the Ramayana. Here is what Agastya tells Rama: O Rama, the mighty armed! Hear the following eternal secret, by which you can conquer all the enemies ...


12

The following Veda Mantra describes the Divine Sun as the inner soul of all that exists. Chitram devAnAm udagAd anikam chakshur mitrasya varunasya agneh (1), AprA dyAvAprithivi antarikshma (2), surya AtmA jagatas tasthushah cha (3) Meaning The wonderful face of the Gods has arisen, the eye of the Mitra, Varuna and Agni (1); The Sun has ...


12

Is this story of Surya being born dead and revived later given in any scripture? Yes , apart from Brahma Purana , we find the brief mentioning of Aditya or Sun God being born dead and revived later in Satapatha Brahmana - Kanda 3 - Adhyaya - 1 - Brahmana 3 . .But here instead it's said that Martanda was born unformed or immature than dead . It's ...


10

Samba got relieved from Curse of Krishna (disease of Leprosy) by praying to Lord Surya, as per suggestions of Narada. This is mentioned in Bhavishya Purana, Varaha Purana and Samba Purana which are basis for Surya Worship. On seeing the deplorable condition of Samba, Narada suggested Samba a method to get rid of sins and remedy of the curse of Krishna. ...


9

The story of Surya's wives is told in many scriptures: It is first told in the Rig Veda, but in very abbreviated form: Tvashtar prepares the bridal of his Daughter: all the world hears the tidings and assembles. But Yama's Mother, Spouse of great Vivasvān, vanished as she was carried to her dwelling. From mortal men they hid the Immortal Lady, made ...


9

There is slightly different version is available in Matsya Purana, Chapter 68. आरोग्यं भास्करादिच्छेद्धनमिच्छेद्धुताशनात्। ईश्वराज्ज्ञानमन्विच्छेन्मोक्षमिच्छेज्जनार्दनात्॥ ४१॥ ārogyaṃ bhāskarādiccheddhanamiccheddhutāśanāt / īśvarājjñānam anvicchenmokṣam icchejjanārdanāt // (41) Health ought to be sought from the Sun, wealth from Agni, knowledge from ...


9

It is described in Srimad Bhagavat Purana. Srimad Bhagavat Purana Canto 5, Chapter 21 describes The movement of Sun and it's Chariot. यस्यैकं चक्रं द्वादशारं षण्नेमि त्रिणाभि संवत्सरात्मकं समामनन्ति तस्याक्षो मेरोर्मूर्धनि कृतो मानसोत्तरे कृतेतरभागो यत्र प्रोतं रविरथचक्रं तैलयन्त्र चक्रवद्भ्रमन्मानसोत्तरगिरौ परिभ्रमति ॥१३॥ तस्मिन्नक्षे कृतमूलो ...


8

Giving water to Sun (Surya) after bathing is known as Arghya and this ritual is known as Sandhyâ Upâsânâ. Devi Bhagavatam, Eleventh Book, Chapter XVI gives the reason for Sandhyopasana as: Thirty Koti Râksasas known as the Mandehas, always roam on the path of the Sun (the mental Sun also). They are great heroes, treacherous and ferocious. They always try ...


8

There are several. One is the Mahanarayana Upanishad. A few verses from this Upanishad (Swami Vimalananda translator): 1.2.1 The universe arose from Visvakarman through water, earth, fire, and other elements. He excelled Aditya, Indra, and other gods. The sun called Tvasta rises in the morning embodying His brilliance. In the beginning of creation the ...


8

The Nagas take turns harnessing the horses of Surya's chariot. Here is what this chapter of the Vishnu Purana says: Between the extreme northern and southern points the sun has to traverse in a year one hundred and eighty degrees, ascending and descending. His car is presided over by divine Ádityas, Rishis, heavenly singers and nymphs, Yakshas, serpents, ...


8

Yes, this story is mentioned in the Puranas. Prajapati made Devas, the sons of Aditi the partakers of the share in the sacrifice but Daityas and Danavas harassed Devas due to their enmity. They won the three worlds from Devas. Devas didn't get their rightful share of sacrifices and struck with hunger. Aditi was afflicted. She felt distress seeing her ...


7

References to the seven(principal) rays of the Sun are to be found in multiple places including Vayu, Linga, Matsya puranas according to the Vishnu Purana. Here is what the footnotes from Vishnu Purana(translated by Horace H Wilson) says about it: The Váyu, Linga, and Matsya P. specify several of the rays of the sun from amongst the many thousands which ...


7

Adi Shankara didn't differentiate various forms of Saguna Brahman. He explicitly says that in Prasnottara Ratna Malika. Adi Shankara at many places says Shiva, Vishnu, Amba(Supreme Goddess), Surya as Iswara and also uses words like Brahman, Paramesha, Mahesha in this work 65.कश्च भगवान् ? Who is the Lord ? महेशः शंकरनारायणात्मकः ।। The Supreme Lord who ...


6

First of all, it's true that Soma is a sacred drink that crucial in the performance of Vedic Yagnas, at least before Hindus lost the identity of the plant that produced it. (It's thought to be ephedra by most modern scholars.). But this verse isn't dedicated to an inanimate object, but rather to the god of the Soma drink, often called Soma but more commonly ...


6

Karna was son of Surya and kunti. He was first son born to Kunti before her marriage. His guru is called lord Parshurama. He was son of two mothers(Kunti and Radha) like lord Krishna. He had special powers especially his shield and earrings. He gave more respect to friendship(with Duryodhana ) than anything else. He donated many more things including his ...


6

Interesting Facts & Fascinating Story of Hanuman Chalisa! Hanuman Chalisa has 40 Chaupais (Chalis=40 in Hindi) on Hanuman is a devotional hymn dedicated to Bajrang Bali by the Great Indian poet, philosopher and saint Shri Goswami Tulsidas. Born in the 16th century, Tulsidas authored Hanuman Chalisa in Awadhi language when he was quite young. Hanuman ...


6

The origins of this festival are not clear but it seems to be related to the Surya Upasana that the eldest Pandav Yuddhishthir performed. The Section 3 of the Aranyaka Parva of the Mahabharat mentions the episode: "Vaisampayana continued, 'Having heard from Dhaumya these words suitable to the occasion, Yudhishthira the just, with heart concentrated within ...


6

As it is said that lord Hanuman was very mischievous during his childhood. One day he saw Sun through the leaves of a tree and thought of it as a fruit, so he flew in order to eat it. It has nothing to do with any curse. Rather, he was hit by Indra's vajra when he refused to release Surya and later on was given many boons by different Gods. Source: ...


6

The months related to Sun-god are described in Srimad Bhagvatam, Twelfth canto, chapter 11. All twelve months are related to twelve Adityas as described in Bhagvatam by Sri Sūta Gosvāmī to Śrī Śaunaka. SB 12.11.33 — My dear sage, Dhātā as the sun-god, Kṛtasthalī as the Apsarā, Heti as the Rākṣasa, Vāsuki as the Nāga, Rathakṛt as the Yakṣa, Pulastya as the ...


6

That Suvarchala is the wife of Surya is mentioned in many Puranas. For example,from Markandeya Purana: Brahma gave him the name of Rudra and asked the child not to cry further; but the boy cried seven times more and hence Brahma gave him further seven names viz. along with the names of his wives and places of stay as follows:Bhava, Sharva, Ishaana, ...


6

Lord Indra aided Kutsa in defeating Shushna, Kuyava, and Dasyus by the help of Lord Surya chariot wheel on a single day. This story is mentioned in Rig veda, Mandala 4, Hymn 16. आ द॑स्यु॒घ्ना मन॑सा या॒ह्यस्तं॒ भुव॑त्ते॒ कुत्स॑ स॒ख्ये निका॑मः। स्वे योनौ॒ नि ष॑दतं॒ सरू॑पा॒ वि वां॑ चिकित्सदृत॒चिद्ध॒ नारी॑॥ ४.०१६.१० With a mind resolved on killing the Dasyu, ...


6

It's a three-headed Gandharva. I found the story described in greater detail in this excerpt from the Jaiminiya Brahmana of the Sama Veda: Fighting for a long time, the gods and the demons achieved no deciding victory. Brihaspati was the chief priest of the gods and Ushanas Kavya the chief priest of the demons. Whatever magic was used from below, the same ...


6

To understand it better, I am answering after keeping your question limited to the Sun. Sun is called Aditya meaning son of Aditi and Kashyap Rishi. How can a star be born from a living being? The star was not born from Aditi. It is not true that there was no Sun before the Aditi's son. The star Sun came out from the Golden Egg in the very begging. From the ...


6

Your enquiry is about the wife of Vishwakarma also called as Tvaṣṭā (त्वष्टा). The puranas is giving us the name of wife of Vishwakarma. one prominent and definite among them is Virocanā (विरोचना). In Vayu Purana - Book 2 -Chapter 22 its mentioned that Virocanā was Praladas daughter and sister of Vairocana (son of Prahlada) was the wife of Tvashta ,...


5

Bhagvatam SB 12.11 describes Lord Hari created Sun god through his beginningless material energy and is so indifferent from Lord Hari. And even Sri Narayan is always with him in all twelve months. SB 12.11.29 — Sūta Gosvāmī said: The sun travels among all the planets and thus regulates their movements. It has been created by Lord Viṣṇu, the Supreme Soul of ...


5

Praying to Sun god (Suryopasana) has many benefits described in Vedas. According to Rig Veda, Book 1, Hymn 50, Surya is the remover of heart disease and yellowness of body. उद्यन्नद्य मित्रमह आरोहन्नुत्तरां दिवम | हर्द्रोगं ममसूर्य हरिमाणं च नाशय || 11 Rising this day, O rich in friends, ascending to the loftier heaven, Sūrya remove my heart'...


5

Sri Desiraju Hanumanta Rao translates the name Suvarchala (or, सुवर्चला, ‘Suvarcalā’) as “wife of the sun” in verse 2.30.30 of the Ramayana. Translation link here. धर्मः तु गज नास ऊरु सद्भिर् आचरितः पुरा | तम् च अहम् अनुवर्ते अद्य यथा सूर्यम् सुवर्चला || २-३०-३० Oh Seetha, with thighs like the posteriors of an elephant! Earlier, righeousness (like ...


5

No , the Purusha Sukta of Shukla Yajurveda is not fully dedicated to Aditya. We can say that because Surya or Aditya itself is said to be born from the eyes this Purusha in Yajurveda Samhita 31.12 . The devata of Shukla Yajur Veda Purusha Suktam Mantras from 1-16 is Purusha AdiBeej पुरुष आदिबीज - ( Purusha whom is the primary seed of creation). ...


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