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56

No, the world won't actually get destroyed at the end of the Kali Yuga. Rather, what's going to occur is that when the evil and decadence of the Kali Yuga reaches its zenith, Vishnu will have an incarnation (avatara) as Kalki the horse rider, to kill all the evil people and restore Dharma on earth, commencing a new Satya Yuga. Here is how the Srimad ...


26

Yes, you've heard correctly. As the four Yugas progress, the world becomes more and more evil. But as a way to help people deal with all the evil that surrounds them, in later Yugas it becomes easier and easier to obtain great benefits from even small religious activity. Here is how Vyasa describes the benefits of the Kali Yuga in the Vishnu Purana: ...


19

Yes, both the Ramayana and the Mahabharata happened in the present Vaivasvata Manvantara.. Let me address each one separately. Keep in mind that we're currently living in the 28th Kali Yuga of the Vaivasvata Manvantara. Ramayana: Here is what the Matysa Purana says, while enumerating various incarnations of Vishnu in the Vaivasvata Manvantara in ...


17

YajurVeda salutes Lord Shiva by stating: नमो अग्रियाय च प्रथमाय च [YajurVeda Taittariya Samhita 4.5.5.2] Namo Agriyaya cha prathamaya cha Salutations to Him who was before all things and who is foremost. Thus there is no effect of time for Lord Shiva as he was before the time. This is expanded in Taittariya Aranyaka of YajurVeda as: वामदेवाय नमो ...


15

There are multiple incarnations of Vishnu which took place during previous Kali Yugas: Pramati: Just as Vishnu'e incarnation Kalki will come at the end of the present Kali Yuga and kill all the evil people, during one of the Kali Yugas of the Swayambhuva Manvantara Vishnu incarnated as a king named Pramati and killed all the evil people, as described in ...


14

The Yuga Time Period Kritha Yuga 17,28,000 human years Tretha Yuga 12,96,000 human years Dwapara Yuga 8,64,000 human years Kali Yuga 4,32,000 human years (As on today we are approximately over 5000 years into Kali Yuga) All the four yugas combined together is called a Maha Yuga. One Maha Yuga comprises of 43,20,000 years. 1000 maha yugas are equivalent to ...


14

The four yugas you listed, join to be called as Mahayuga or Chaturyuga. Every cycle(Mahayuga) has different happenings all together, its not clear whether each cycle(Mahayuga) will have same incidents. There are some marked incidents which have to happen, like the incarnation of Lord Vishnu, they are sure to happen in every yuga and in the same form, the ...


14

Let me preface this by saying that since most of our scriptures were composed or compiled by Vyasa at the end of the Dwapara Yuga or the beginning of the Kali Yuga, most descriptions of Shiva's activities in the Kali Yuga would be in the form of prophecies. But here are at least some potential activities that Shiva may have done in the Kali Yuga: One thing ...


14

The story is described in this chapter of the Srimad Bhagavatam. Most people only know about how Vishnu's incarnation Vamana the dwarf took two steps, and then told Mahabali that there was no room for the third step, whereupon Mahabali offered his own head for the third step. What is not as well-known, however, is that Vishnu was so pleased at Mahabali's ...


14

First of all, we know for a fact that Kalki doesn't come in every Kali Yuga. In this chapter of the Matsya Purana (an important Hindu scripture), various incarnations of Vishnu in the present Vaivasvata Manvantara are listed, but Kalki is only mentioned once, in the current Kali Yuga. This excerpt from the Skanda Purana says the same thing. (See my ...


13

The present Indra became king of the three worlds by performing a 100 Ashwamedha Yagnas (horse rituals), as described in this chapter of the Shanti Parva of the Mahabharata: It is heard, O Partha, that the gods and the Asuras fought against each other. The Asuras were the elder, and the gods the younger brothers. Covetous of prosperity, fierce was the ...


12

First of all whatever work Supreme Lord does he has no purpose to do it from absolute level perspective which I discuss here and hence his activity is termed as Leela. As for daily activity like what do Lord Shiva do daily in Kailash or what do Lord Vishnu do daily in Vaikuntha we can infer their daily activity from various Puranic sources and also from ...


10

God is an ambiguous term, it can indicate Supreme Personality of Godhead Bramhan(super soul) or it can indicate gods(devtas) that are merely jeevatmans(atmans subjected to birth and death). So I will answer this question for both contexts Bramhan Devta's Context Bramhan If we are talking about Bramhan who pervades everything then, BG 3.22 clearly ...


10

Lord Vishnu's incarnations are innumerable, as time is cyclic. However, we know some incarnations such as 24 incarnations mentioned in Srimad Bhagavatam or famous Dasavatara. Chapter 47 of Matsya Purana, Chapter 36 Part 2 of Vayu Purana, Chapter 19 of Prabhasa Khanda of Skanda Purana and Chapter 73 Upodgatapada of Brahmanda Purana mention timeline of Lord'...


8

I'm not sure why you're interested in the number of days as opposed to the number of years, but in any case it's simple arithmetic. Here is how the Vishnu Purana describes the lengths of the four Yugas: They are thus distributed: the Krita age has four thousand divine years; the Tretá three thousand; the Dwápara two thousand; and the Kali age one ...


8

Gaudiya Vaishnavas do believe the same chronological order of Yugas like other Hindu Scriptures say. That is, Satya, Treta, Dwapara, Kali. Here is the YouTube video of Prabhupada. In this video He said that Lord Krishna appears in Dwapara Yuga, there are four yugas namely: Satya, Treta, Dwapara and Kali and have same circulation. Krishna comes in Dwapara ...


7

It's part of the demon Kali's fundamental nature to be evil, considering his lineage, which described in this chapter of the Srimad Bhagavatam: Another son of Lord Brahmā was Irreligion, whose wife’s name was Falsity. From their combination were born two demons named Dambha, or Bluffing, and Māyā, or Cheating. These two demons were taken by a demon named ...


7

First of all, let's go over the relevant timescales. (See my answers here and here for more details.). The four Yugas together make up one Mahayuga. 1000 Mahayugas make up one Kalpa, which is one day in the life of Brahma. After the Kalpa is over Brahma goes to sleep, and there's a Pralaya which destroys the three worlds, at the end of which Brahma wakes ...


7

Yes, cycles repeat themselves. There is scriptural evidence that says this. But there is one change. The 'jiva' that is inhabiting your body in this life is not the same jiva from your life in the previous cycle nor will it be the same jiva in the next cycle. So although your body will repeat its actions, the jiva experiencing 'your life' in the next cycle ...


7

We are currently in the age of Ascending Dwapara Yuga and not in Kali Yuga. This astonishing revelation was made by Sri Yukteswar Giri(Guru of Paramahansa Yogananda) in his book "The Holy Science" published in 1894. According to Sri Yukteswar, ages work in full solar cycle of 24000 years. It contains 2 periods, ascending arc and descending arc of 12000 ...


7

One story is of Baijnath Mahadev, Agar Malwa (MP): The Only Hindu Temple of Lord Shiva Built (Renovated) By a British Couple. . It goes like follows The British ruled Indian subcontinent for hundreds of years, and built many churches and cathedrals. But in the 1880s, a Shiva temple in Agar Malwa, Madhya Pradesh, was renovated and almost rebuilt by Lt. Col. ...


7

It's because certain names and events recur. From our perspective, the mantras found in Samhitas of the Vedas discuss how our Indra, known as Purandara, defeated a demon named Vritrasura in the present Vaivasvata Manvantara, and how Vishnu incarnated as Vamana, the little brother of the present Indra, and defeated an Asura named Mahabali. And certainly when ...


7

Yes, Prahara is one type of time measure. The full day is divided into eight parts. According to Srimad Bhagvata Purana: लघूनि वै समाम्नाता दश पञ्च च नाडिका । ते द्वे मुहूर्तः प्रहरः षड्यामः सप्त वा नृणाम् ॥SB 3.11.8 ॥ Page 279 laghūni vai samāmnātā daśa pañca ca nāḍikā te dve muhūrtaḥ praharaḥ ṣaḍ yāmaḥ sapta vā nṛṇām Six or ...


6

Good question. I think the answer is what you gave in the last part. Vedas must be relocated and upgraded after every 4,320,000 years. It might be that, for example many people translate Geeta according to their own understanding, like Tilak did for Geetarahasya, Dnyaneshwar for dnyaneshwari, etc. So Vedas also must be getting changed according to each ...


6

Yes there are many scriptures existing from the previous eras and in fact the various Purans are also from different time periods. As mentioned in Chapter 53 of Matsya Purana these are the different Kalpas in which each specific Purana was revealed: Padma Purana - Padma Kalpa Vishnu Purana - Varaha Kalpa Vayu Purana, Shiva ...


6

According to my understanding the all 4 Yugam will be repeated for 1000 times , that will form 1 kalpa, one day of Brahama will end ,and after 360x100 Kalpa (100 years) that is mahakalpa one Life of brahma will end. In 1 kalpa that is 4000 yugas or 1000 cycle of 4 yuga, the yugs are repeated, one cycle is known as mahayuga. We are currently in 28th ...


6

The Sapta Rishis of the present Vaivasvata Manvantara are described in this chapter of the Srimad Bhagavatam: The present Manu, who is named Śrāddhadeva, is the son of Vivasvān, the predominating deity on the sun planet. Śrāddhadeva is the seventh Manu. Now please hear from me as I describe his sons. O King Parīkṣit, among the ten sons of Manu are Ikṣvāku,...


6

In the Svetasvatara Upanishad there is a part called Jnana Mimamsa in the beginning. And one question is asked there as: कालः स्वभावो नियतिर्यदृच्छा भूतानि योनिः पुरुष इति चिन्त्या । संयोग एषां न त्वात्मभावा-दात्माप्यनीशः सुखदुःखहेतोः ॥ २॥ (Shwetashwatara Upanishad 1.2) Should time, or nature, or necessity, or chance, or the elements be regarded as ...


6

Please note that Lord Vishnu's incarnations are repetitive. So you may find more than one timeline for each incarnation. To understand this, let's read the below lines: However there are very few sources but we can't ignore the story of Kakabhushundi. Kakabhushundi has seen Ramayana 11 times with different outcomes and seen Mahabharat 16 times with ...


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