Questions tagged [upanishads]

The last part of the Vedas, consisting of dialogues between teachers and students clarifying the philosophical teachings of the Vedas.

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When there is conflict between 2 scriptures which one wins?

When there is conflict between 2 scriptures which one wins? Put followings in order of authority: Vedas, Upanishads, Smritis, Ramayan, Mahabharat and Puranas
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First refrence to the Prasthanatrayi?

What is the first reference to the Prasthanatrayi and are these three like the "Bible" or one book of Vedanta?
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My grandmom died on 4th of feb 24. My marriage has been fixed on march 29,30 2024. Can marriage can still happen?

my grandmom is dead (4th feb 24) and my marriage was fixed on 29,30 march 2024. When we ask pandits, everyone has their different opinions and we are so confused. Couple of them say can happen and ...
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Why in Shiva Mahapuran the rajasik and the Tamasik and Satwik deities are different. Pls answer according to Vaishnava perspective

Vishnu, Rudra and I (Brahma) represent the Gunas. Siva is free from Gunas. He is the Supreme Brahman, the undecaying. Vishnu is of Sattva attribute, I (Brahma) am of Rajas attribute and Rudra is of ...
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Why Srimad Bhagavatam is not mentioned by Sri Ramanujacharya, Sri Yamunacharya and Sri Adi Shankaracharya. Why is that. Vaishnava answer pls

Why Srimad Bhagavatam is not mentioned by Sri Adi Shankaracharya, Sri Yamunacharya or Sri Ramanujacharya
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Why did Sri Adi Shankaracharya not consider Vaikuntha as eternal loka ? Pls answer according to Vaishnava perspective

Why did Sri Adi Shankaracharya said like this in Sarva Vedanta Siddhanta Sangrah सर्वस्यानित्यत्वे सावयवत्वेन सर्वतः सिद्धे । वैकुण्ठादिषु नित्यत्वमतिर्भ्रम एव मूढबुद्धीनाम् ॥ When it is established ...
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Advaita vs Dvaita

Which is really true Advaita or Dvaita as in Vedanta there are verses which agree with Dvaita philosophy and also verses which agree with Advaita philosophy. Many say that it depends on reality like ...
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How to attain a state of Samadhi?

How can one attain a higher state of consciousness or samadhi?
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Can anyone chant Langulopanishad?

Salutations to everyone and the one who encompasses all! I recently stumbled upon something called Langulopanishad which is an integral part of Atharvana Veda. By birth I'm a sudra so I'm not that ...
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As per Upanishads, do people who attain Brahman also acquire its properties like omniscience and omnipotence?

I was reading S. Radhakrishnan's Indian Philosophy, and there, in the chapter 'Philosophy of Upanishads' he says that when a person attains Brahman, that is, it merges with Brahman, that person then ...
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Cosmology in Hindu text

So I have a few questions. Number one what is the shape of the Earth as per Hindu text and what represents the current planet Earth? I know people have interpreted Bharatvarsha and Bharatkhanda to ...
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The gods don't protect like a shepherd with a stick, why should we worship them?

This with reference to a verse from Mahabharata: न देवा दण्डमादाय रक्षन्ति पशुपालवत् । यं तु रक्षितुमिच्छन्ति बुद्ध्या संविभजन्ति तम् ॥ विदुरनीति ३-४० Translation: The gods don't protect like a ...
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Vedic Versus that Justify the Difference Between Various Types of Matter

I have been reading the following Wikipedia page on Dvaita Vedanta and came across the five great differences, two of them being the following: Between matter and jīvātman. Between various types of ...
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As per Advaita, Atman/Self/Brahman is unborn and doesnt "pass" away when body dies? What is the reference for it?

As per Advaita Vedanta, its the Sukshma Sharira(Subtle Body/Mind) which reincarnates after a body dies and Atman/Brahman/Self does not "pass away" or "leave" when body dies. But in ...
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Aadi Jagadguru Shankaracharya: where is this shloka from ? - parasyeva brahmaṇaḥ praveśa śravaṇā tādātmyo upadeśā ca

Hi Trying to identify from where this shloka is: parasyeva brahmaṇaḥ praveśa śravaṇā tādātmyo upadeśā ca परस्येव ब्रह्मणः प्रवेश श्रवणा तादात्मयो उपदेशा च अरस्येव (arasyeva): Like the sap, as in the ...
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which upanishad is this shloka from ? Iti cha 'pahatapāpmādasya cha guṇā na bhūtakāśe sambhavanti jīvā saṅkāpi nivaritā

I am trying to find the upanishad from which this shloka occurs: Iti cha 'pahatapāpmādasya cha guṇā na bhūtakāśe sambhavanti jīvā saṅkāpi nivaritā इति च ऽपहतपाप्मादस्य च गुणा न भूतकाशे सम्भवन्ति जी...
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reference request for verse: Satvam tatvam para tvam cha tvat tryam hanakina tritatva rupini Radha sa api Radhika

Trying to find the reference for this verse: Satvam tatvam para tvam cha tvat tryam hanakina tritatva rupini Radha sa api Radhika सत्वं तत्वं पर त्वं च त्वत त्र्यम हनकिना त्रितत्व रूपिणी राधा सापि रा...
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where is this sloka from: "Jīvana muktā api punar bandhanaṁ jānatī karma bhī "

I am trying to identify the source of this shloka, Jīvana muktā api punar bandhanaṁ jānatī karma bhī जीवन मुक्ता अपि पुनर बंधनं जानती कर्म भी researched online but couldn't find anything relevant, ...
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unicode char for gvaṁ and how it is pronounced correctly

Wanted to know how the word gvaṁ ग्वं pronounced correctly and written represented in unicode, For example in this sloka स विश्वकृद्विश्वविदात्मयोनिर्ज्ञः कालकारो गुणी सर्वविद्‌ यः। प्रधा...
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Inquiring about the authenticity of Hayagrīva Upanishad

I came across one Hayagrīva Upanishad and researched about it. Many websites seem to offer its translation. (Like this popular Sri Vaishnava site.) I have never come across any quotation, reference, ...
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Are there any sampradayas that subscribe to Advaita and gyan yoga?

There are numerous bhakti yoga-based sampradayas in India, especially Vaishnavas. They keep bhakti and puranic texts forefront (which I don't really see among other Hindu sects). Are there any ...
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Brahm sutra number for pashvādabhis cha vīśekā

I am trying to identify the brahmsutra chapter and verse number for this verse pashvādabhis cha vīśekā पश्वादभिस च विशेका I came across this sloka in a lecture so might not have converted into text ...
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Reference Request [Upanishads]: Chitta and Vrittis

Are there any good references that discuss the concepts of Chitta and Vrittis used primarily in Samkhya Philosophy in Upanishads? To the best of my knowledge, Upanishads are advaitic majorly. How Yoga ...
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Shri Vidya Tantra in Advaita

In the context of Advaita, what basically is - Shri Vidya? From what I could gather and understand, it is basically a yantra of triangles, and people are supposed to meditate on it for spiritual and ...
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How does Vedanta differentiate between reflected consciouness(Chidabhasa) and pure consciouness(Chit)?

Pure consciousness is said to be the source of reflected consciousness. How does Vedanta try to separate the mixture of mind and reflected consciousness from pure consciousness and establish the "...
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is there any referance of SWAMINARAYAN in Ved, Puran, Upnishad, Ramayan, Mahabharat etc Hindu Shashtras?

Thay first claimed SWAMINARAYAN as a revolutionary saint. After a little success they claimed him as an Avtar of Shri Krishna. After some time they claimed him to be even higher (SUPREME / SARVOPARI) ...
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Laya Yoga: Upanishad References

Laya Yoga - references in Upanishads. I've heard that the methods of creation of mantras (beeja mantras specifically) follow from laya yoga where they use petals of certain chakras (or nadis) OR hear ...
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Turya (state) Beyond waking state, dreaming state and sleeping state

In many Upanishads concerning liberation, it is said that an enlightened man (or jivanmukta) is beyond three states: Sleeping, Waking, and Dreaming states (e.g. Mandukya Upanishad). Some excerpts as ...
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seeking melodic veda mantra recitations

I'm interested in locating Veda mantras with precise pronunciation of all alphabets (swar + akshar), akin to a melodious recitation. A notable example is the recitation of this Veda mantra from the ...
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Complete Maithili Maha Upanishad

Complete Maithili Maha Upanishad which is found in Narada Panchratra Valmiki Samhita
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How does Advaita Vedanta assert and prove the eternality of cognition of Non dual Atman?

This article [1] says Śāntarakṣita has however refuted the Upanishadic non-dualism in the Tattva Sangraha’ chapter 7, section 5. In his refutation of the Upanishadic view he has referred to the ...
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Why and how do Advaitans reconcile that one's true nature is Atman/Brahman alone?

While I understand that Upanishads try to reconcile and prove logically that Atman is the true witness, why can't it be that Subtle body alone is our true nature ? Where and when was this subtle body ...
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How to experience consciousness in every experience?

Swami Sarvapriyananda writes in "Sat Chit Ananda: The Philosophy of the Upanishads ", " Your true Self Chit , is not an experience, yet all experiences shine in Chit.Chit is the ...
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How does Advaitic realization of Brahman help improve concentration,overcome anxiety,depression,stress, jealousy, helplessness, guilt and sufferings?

How does Advaitic realization of the world as the appearance in consciousness help in manifesting divine qualities and tackling above challenges? People might desire some or other unfulfilled things ...
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Scriptural verses that mention whether sleeping during the day is a sin or has negative consequences

I am currently reading the Prashna Upanisad. Verse 1.5 reveals that the sun is associated with prana: आदित्यो ह वै प्राणो रयिरेव चन्द्रमा रयिर्वा एतत्सर्वं यन्मूर्तं चामूर्तं च तस्मान्मूर्तिरेव रयिः ॥...
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Difference between astika and nastika

What is the difference between astika and nastika. I used to think Who believes in God and who don't ; but in many places they say who believes in Vedanta and who don't please clarify my doubts. Say ...
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Who were some of the most powerful asuras? [closed]

Powerful here is defined in terms of "who could only be subdued with the greatest effort by Devas and Gods." In your answer- please reference ashtadasha purana, vedas, any popular hindu epic,...
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Are there any principal Upanishads that don't mention the caste system?

Among Isha, Kena and Katha, Prashna, Mundaka, Mandukya, Tattiriya, Aitareya, Chhandogya and Brihadaranyaka upanishads, which, if any, don't mention the caste system at all?.
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Do any principal Upanishads unequivocally advocate for the birth-based caste system?

Apparently, Sankara cites the Rig Vedic Purusha Sukta while commenting about the caste system advocated in the Bhagavad Gita. But since the Vedas are regarded as apara vidya in comparison to the ...
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What were Adi Shankara's views on Vedic Samhitas?

Some books keep mentioning that Karma Kanda is 'inferior' to Jnana Kanda. Well, Samhita in Vedas refers to ritual part. So did Adi Shankaracharya denounce Samhitas? Is there any explicit reference? Or ...
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How would a dualist respond to the following argument

How would a dualist respond to the following argument made by a nondualist? Brahman cannot be the knower of anything. To know and to understand involve time. There is a before and an after. The ...
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Reference to Chaturmukha Brahma and Sadashiva in Madvacharya's commentary of Kenopanisad

His Holiness Sri Madvacharya in his commentary for Kenopanisad (also known as Talavakara Upanisad) seems to have interpreted the whole dialog as a conversation between Chaturmukha Brahma as the Guru ...
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Are Upanishads religous texts?

Are Upanishads religious texts ? Or Are they "philosophical" texts ? Does it contains words of gods ? I have hear that Upnishads are just words of teachers of ancient India, who during free ...
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Verses number in upanishads

I want a list of upanishads in a specific order. The order should be smallest to biggest that is upanishads with least verses to upanishads with most verses.
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What is the purport or meaning of verse 9 of the Isha Upanishad

I'm confused as to this because while reading the Isha Upanishad I came across this mantra or verse (which is the ninth verse) of the Isha Upanishad it says according to (my knowledge) that those who ...
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Where is the scriptural reference (or evidence) that the Bhagavad Gita is an Upanishad?

Some people say the Bhagavad Gita to be an Upanishad like Srila Prabhupada in his introduction to the Bhagavad Gita styling it as Gitopanisad. So do any scriptures say the Bhagavad Gita to be an ...
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Can someone translate this verse? (Brihadaranyaka Upanishad 1.4.4)

सा हेयमीक्षां चक्रे, कथं नु मात्मान एव जनयित्वा सम्भवति? हन्त तिरोऽसानीति सा गौरभवत् ऋषभ इतरः तां समेवाभवत्त तो गावोऽजायन्त The above verse is from Brihadaranyaka Upanishad chapter 1 section IV verse ...
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Why does the Mundaka Upanishad say the Vedas are of lower knowledge?

This particular verse is found in chapter 1 verse 4 which says: Of these two, the lower knowledge is the Rig-Veda, the Yagur-Veda, the Sama-Veda, the Atharva-Veda, siksha (phonetics), kalpa (rituals),...
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How to practise hinduism? [closed]

How to practise Hinduism for a college student ?or how to practise Hinduism in general?Are there any benefits of it? I am really confused on practising Hinduism? I am so much focused on my studies ...
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How could someone aim for moksha if his people are not protected by god?

How could someone aim for moksha if his/her people are not protected by god? in particular if he/she is not protected? What will he even pray for? If a person wouldn't pray protection what will he/she ...
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