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Which scripture is the source of the verse "janmana jayate shudrah.. " (everyone is born a shudra)?

No this shloka is not from Shreemad Bhagvat Purana. This shloka is given in Skanda Purana Vol.18 Book VI , Nagar Kanda , Chapter 239 , ( Efficacy of Adoration , Penance etc.) Verse 31-34 जन्मना ...
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17 votes
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Why can't sudras read vedas according to smritis?

I have used this YajurVeda mantra in more than one answers of mine till date. One such answer is this one. The correct translation, word to word, is as follows: YathA imAm vAcham kalyAnim AvadAni ...
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17 votes

What are the counter-arguments within Hinduism(scriptures) against the Birth based Varna and Caste system?

Śrīmad-Bhāgavatam (Bhāgavata Purāṇa) 7.11: यस्य यल्लक्षणं प्रोक्तं पुंसो वर्णाभिव्यञ्जकम्। यदन्यत्रापि दृश्येत तत्तेनैव विनिर्दिशेत् ॥३५॥ [Nārada Muni:] If one shows the symptoms of being a brāhmaṇa, ...
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15 votes

Any references where varna/caste is determined independent of birth/parentage?

In 7.11 The Perfect Society: Four Social Classes) of Śrīmad-Bhāgavatam (Bhāgavata Purāṇa), Nārada Muni says यस्य यल्लक्षणं प्रोक्तं पुंसो वर्णाभिव्यञ्जकम्। यदन्यत्रापि दृश्येत तत्तेनैव विनिर्दि...
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15 votes
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Is the Rig Veda Purusha Suktam hymn an interpolation?

No, it is not an interpolation. The Taittiriya Samhita of the Krishna Yajur Veda says the same exact thing as the Rig Veda Purusha Sukta hymn about the origin of the castes and the Devas from the body ...
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12 votes

Any references where varna/caste is determined independent of birth/parentage?

There is one reference in Mahabharata that clearly states that Varna is independent of birth and specifies conduct to be the only ground. Maheshwara said, ‘..Neither birth, nor the purificatory ...
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12 votes
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If a Brahmin doesn't perform duties as per his varna, is he still called as brahmin?

No. He will be considered degraded then. He will be a Brahmin just for the namesake. From Manu Smriti: 2.103. But he who does not (worship) standing in the morning, nor sitting in the evening, ...
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12 votes

Examples of Varna migration in Hindu mythology?

Yes Varna migration is possible. Change of Varna Narada said, 'If in members born in a certain Varna the qualities pertaining to another Varna are seen, they (the former) are to be classified ...
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10 votes
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What were the set of rights, permissions, duties or rules prescribed for Kshatriya caste?

The duties of Kshatriyas are mentioned in many scriptures. Let us take an example from the Kurma Purana: The kshatriyas constitute the second of the four classes. They were created from Brahma’s arms....
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Is it permissible to deny the authority of Manusmriti?

Argument 1a) Manusmriti 4.176 says Let him avoid (the acquisition of) wealth and (the gratification of his) desires, if they are opposed to the sacred law, and even lawful acts which may ...
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10 votes

Has Siva spoken in favor of the varnashrama system?

I will post some references where Lord Shiva spoke about Varnasrama Dharma. In SECTION CXLIII, Anushasana Parva of Mahabharata, Maheshwara says to Goddess Uma that varna comes by birth is just for ...
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9 votes

Why can't sudras read vedas according to smritis?

According to Swami Vivekananda, Sudras are eligible to read the Jnana Kanda of Vedas. Complete Works of Swami Vivekananda / Volume 6 / Epistles - Second Series / VIII: The Achârya(Adi Shankara) ...
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9 votes

Why can't sudras read vedas according to smritis?

Let us see what the Yajueveda 26.2 mantra is actually saying. यथेमां वाचं कल्याणी मावदानि जनेभ्य:। ब्रह्मराजन्याभ्यांSS शुद्राय चार्याय च स्वाय चारणा य च । प्रियो देवानां दक्षिणायै दातुरिह भूयासमयं ...
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9 votes
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What are the order & duties of the children born from intermixing/hybridisation of 4 classes?

First of all, the sons who are born out of proscribed marriages will not belong to any of the 4 castes (varna-s). As there is no 5th caste, they all will belong to the unknown caste or the out-cast. ...
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9 votes

What do the Vedas say about caste?

Here are three quotes in the Vedic Samhitas: ब्रा॒ह्म॒णो॑ऽस्य॒ मुख॑मासीद्बा॒हू रा॑ज॒न्यः॑ कृ॒तः । ऊ॒रू तद॑स्य॒ यद्वैश्यः॑ प॒द्भ्यां शू॒द्रो अ॑जायत ॥ १०.०९०.१२ The Brahman was his mouth, ...
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9 votes

How do I prove casteism is not an inherent part of Hinduism?

We can explain in following way: Gita/Mahabharata and other such scriptures talk about system of classes/divisions which is called varna-vyavastha (वर्ण व्यवस्था) In modern day, people misinterpret ...
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9 votes
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Is hiding one's caste a punishable offense?

In Hinduism the sin of Brahminicide is considered as one of the most grave sins. Now, claiming (falsely) oneself to be someone of a higher caste is regarded as a similar offence. This is as per the ...
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9 votes
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Krishna visiting Sudra's home or touching a Sudra

In Mahabharat era - Mahatma Vidura [महात्मा विदुर] - who was a dasi-putra (son of servant of Hastinapur's king) - was considered as Shudra (means worker class) Varna. And Sri Krishna did visit his ...
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9 votes

Shudras and learning Sanskrit

Various Śūdra and Dalit people have made contributions to Sanskrit literature, so they must have been able to learn Sanskrit to begin with, including the following - King Śūdraka (apparently Śūdra ...
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8 votes

What are the counter-arguments within Hinduism(scriptures) against the Birth based Varna and Caste system?

Shanti Parva of Mahabharata says people of all varnas can perform sacrifices as at first only Brahmin Varna was created, from Brahmin Varna only other Varnas emerged. Bharadwaja said, 'If the ...
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8 votes

How have traditional Vedic commentators interpreted Shukla Yajurveda 26.2?

Both Uvata and Mahidhara (who lived prior to Sayana), who have written commentaries on the Shukla Yajur Veda, explain this verse plainly. In other words, they take the meaning at face value. Uvata:...
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8 votes
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Do the Vedas allow Shudras to do undergo Upanayanam or perform Yajnas?

No, the Taittiriya Samhita of the Krishna Yajur Veda forbids Shudras from engaging in sacrifices. 7.1.1 says: From his feet he meted out the Ekavinça Stoma. After it the Anustubh metre [5] was ...
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8 votes

Krishna visiting Sudra's home or touching a Sudra

See we need to understand that Bhagavan doesn't differentiate anyone based on Birth/Class. Lord Krishna(Vishnu/Rama) hugged Kubja(Nishada) and even visited her house.He embraced Guha and accepted love ...
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What was the traditional justification for why Chandalas were not allowed in temples?

PV Kane in his History of the Dharma Sastra Vol 2 Part 1 Page 93 says There is no taint of untouchability when a person is touched by an untouchable in a temple, religious processions and marriages, ...
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7 votes

Does Manusmriti go against Vedas?

No, prohibiting Shudras from studying the Vedas does not go against the Vedas. In fact, encouraging them to study the Vedas is going against the Vedas. This is because you can only study the Vedas if ...
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7 votes

Can a Kshatriya man marry Vaishya woman?

Manu Smriti 3.12. For the first marriage of twice-born men (wives) of equal caste are recommended; but for those who through desire proceed (to marry again) the following females, (chosen) ...
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7 votes
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What is the source of "Vriyate iti Varnaha?"

Yes, that etymology is based on Nirukta 2.3.4 of Yaska: वर्णः वृणोतेः । varNaH vRRiNoteH According to Unadi Sutras: 3-10 कॄवॄजॄसिद्रुपन्यनिस्वपिभ्यो नित् ॥ 3.10 ...
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7 votes

What is the meaning of the term "Svadharma"?

What is the meaning of Svadharma? What do scriptures say about the term? Gita explains the term Svadharma in Gita 18.47. One's own duty, even if without excellence (i.e. inferior in the scale of ...
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7 votes

Why are Kshatriyas allowed to eat meat and other castes aren't?

This concept that only Kshatriyas are allowed to eat meat where as others are not is not supported in the scriptures like Manu Smriti. The rules of meat eating are the same for all the twice-born (...
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7 votes
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Are Varna and Caste same or different?

I presume you are asking the difference between Varna (वर्ण)system and Jaati (जाति). The concept known as a caste system is an anglicised explanation of the Indian concepts of Varna (वर्ण) and Jaati (...
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