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18

No this shloka is not from Shreemad Bhagvat Purana. This shloka is given in Skanda Purana Vol.18 Book VI , Nagar Kanda , Chapter 239 , ( Efficacy of Adoration , Penance etc.) Verse 31-34 जन्मना जायते शूद्रः संस्कारात् द्विज उच्यते। शापानुग्रहसामर्थ्यं तथा क्रोधः प्रसन्नता ।|31-34|| 31 : A Man is no better than a sudra at his birth .He is called ...


12

7.11 The Perfect Society: Four Social Classes) of Śrīmad-Bhāgavatam (Bhāgavata Purāṇa): यस्य यल्लक्षणं प्रोक्तं पुंसो वर्णाभिव्यञ्जकम्। यदन्यत्रापि दृश्येत तत्तेनैव विनिर्दिशेत् ॥३५॥ [Nārada Muni:] If one shows the symptoms of being a brāhmaṇa, kṣatriya, vaiśya or śūdra, as described above, even if he has appeared [born] in a different ...


12

No, it is not an interpolation. The Taittiriya Samhita of the Krishna Yajur Veda says the same exact thing as the Rig Veda Purusha Sukta hymn about the origin of the castes and the Devas from the body of the Purusha, or in the Yajur Veda's case, Prajapati. Here is what it says in 7.1.1: Prajapati [or Purusha] desired, 'May I have offspring.' He meted ...


11

No. He will be considered degraded then. He will be a Brahmin just for the namesake. From Manu Smriti: 2.103. But he who does not (worship) standing in the morning, nor sitting in the evening, shall be excluded, just like a Sudra, from all the duties and rights of an Aryan. From VYasa Smriti , chapter 4: A Brahmana, who has not studied the Vedas, ...


10

I have used this YajurVeda mantra in more than one answers of mine till date. One such answer is this one. The correct translation, word to word, is as follows: YathA imAm vAcham kalyAnim AvadAni janebhyah (1) BrahmarAjanyAbhyAm sudrAya cha AryAya cha (2) SwAya cha aranAya cha (3) Meaning May i speak the sacred word to the masses of the ...


10

I will post some references where Lord Shiva spoke about Varnasrama Dharma. In SECTION CXLIII, Anushasana Parva of Mahabharata, Maheshwara says to Goddess Uma that varna comes by birth is just for sake of classification and later conduct alone decides Varna and Varna can be changed. Neither birth, nor the purificatory rites, nor learning, nor ...


9

Yes Varna migration is possible. Change of Varna Narada said, 'If in members born in a certain Varna the qualities pertaining to another Varna are seen, they (the former) are to be classified as belonging to the latter Varna.' Srimad Bhagavata Purana VII.11.35 Sage Pulastya's views on how to become a Brahmana Sage Pulastya said,"..by vows, by ...


9

In 7.11 The Perfect Society: Four Social Classes) of Śrīmad-Bhāgavatam (Bhāgavata Purāṇa), Nārada Muni says यस्य यल्लक्षणं प्रोक्तं पुंसो वर्णाभिव्यञ्जकम्। यदन्यत्रापि दृश्येत तत्तेनैव विनिर्दिशेत् ॥३५॥ If one shows the symptoms of being a brāhmaṇa, kṣatriya, vaiśya or śūdra, as described above, even if he has appeared [born] in a different ...


9

We can explain in following way: Gita/Mahabharata and other such scriptures talk about system of classes/divisions which is called varna-vyavastha (वर्ण व्यवस्था) In modern day, people misinterpret it with casteism (जाती वाद) There are only 4 divisions: Brahmana, Kshatriya, Vaishya, Shudra; In a row form, they are Intellectuals, Warriors, Businessmen, ...


8

First of all, the sons who are born out of proscribed marriages will not belong to any of the 4 castes (varna-s). As there is no 5th caste, they all will belong to the unknown caste or the out-cast. But they have different names so that they can be differentiated. 10.4. Brahmana, the Kshatriya, and the Vaisya castes (varna) are the twice-born ones, but ...


7

There is one reference in Mahabharata that clearly states that Varna is independent of birth and specifies conduct to be the only ground. Maheshwara said, ‘..Neither birth, nor the purificatory rites, nor learning, nor offspring, can be regarded as grounds for conferring upon one the regenerate status.Verily, the conduct is the only ground. All ...


7

The duties of Kshatriyas are mentioned in many scriptures. Let us take an example from the Kurma Purana: The kshatriyas constitute the second of the four classes. They were created from Brahma’s arms. The duties of kshatriyas include dana (donation of alms), adhyayana (studying) and performing yajnas (sacrifices). But their primary duties are to take up ...


7

Let us see what the Yajueveda 26.2 mantra is actually saying. यथेमां वाचं कल्याणी मावदानि जनेभ्य:। ब्रह्मराजन्याभ्यांSS शुद्राय चार्याय च स्वाय चारणा य च । प्रियो देवानां दक्षिणायै दातुरिह भूयासमयं मे काम: समृध्य तामुप मादो नमतु ।।२।। As we.(Mantra Drashta Rishis) have advised the meaning of the Ved-Vani (Meaning of Vedas) for the welfare of ...


7

Here are three quotes in the Vedic Samhitas: ब्रा॒ह्म॒णो॑ऽस्य॒ मुख॑मासीद्बा॒हू रा॑ज॒न्यः॑ कृ॒तः । ऊ॒रू तद॑स्य॒ यद्वैश्यः॑ प॒द्भ्यां शू॒द्रो अ॑जायत ॥ १०.०९०.१२ The Brahman was his mouth, of both his arms was the Rajanya made. His thighs became the Vaisya, from his feet the Sudras was produced. ~Rig Veda 10.90.12 translated by R. Griffiths ...


7

In Hinduism the sin of Brahminicide is considered as one of the most grave sins. Now, claiming (falsely) oneself to be someone of a higher caste is regarded as a similar offence. This is as per the Manu Smriti. Manu Smriti 11.55. Falsely attributing to oneself high birth, giving information to the king (regarding a crime), and falsely accusing one’s ...


7

Yes, that etymology is based on Nirukta 2.3.4 of Yaska: वर्णः वृणोतेः । varNaH vRRiNoteH According to Unadi Sutras: 3-10 कॄवॄजॄसिद्रुपन्यनिस्वपिभ्यो नित् ॥ 3.10 kRRIvRRIjRRIsidrupanyanisvapibhyo nita Which stats Vriyat Iti Varna See page no. 101 of UnadiVriti. In his commentary called Rigvedadi Bhashya Bhumika, Swami Dayananda Saraswati has ...


6

Argument 1a) Manusmriti 4.176 says Let him avoid (the acquisition of) wealth and (the gratification of his) desires, if they are opposed to the sacred law, and even lawful acts which may cause pain in the future or are offensive to men. Hence, even any lawful act which may cause pain in the future and are offensive to men , like casteism/varna ...


6

What is the meaning of Svadharma? What do scriptures say about the term? Gita explains the term Svadharma in Gita 18.47. One's own duty, even if without excellence (i.e. inferior in the scale of worldly values)is more meritorious spiritually than the apparently well-performed duty of another. For no sin is incurred by one doing works ordained ...


6

No, the Taittiriya Samhita of the Krishna Yajur Veda forbids Shudras from engaging in sacrifices. 7.1.1 says: From his feet he meted out the Ekavinça Stoma. After it the Anustubh metre [5] was created, the Vairaja Saman, of men the Çudra [Shudra], of cattle the horse. Therefore the two, the horse and the Çudra, are dependent on others. Therefore ...


5

Varna can mean color but has no connection with any discrimination. Varna can not be translated as caste either. Vaisampayana said,’ Hearing these words of Arjuna, O chastiser of foes, Nakula of mighty arms and a broad chest, temperate in speech and possessed of great wisdom, with face whose colour then resembled that of copper, looked at the king …....


5

No, the Vedas don't declare Shudras to be eligible to recite the Vedas. If they would be eligible for Vedic study, then the Taittirya Samhita of the Krishna Yajurveda wouldn't forbid Shudras to perform Yajnas: From his feet he meted out the Ekavinça Stoma. After it the Anustubh metre was created, the Vairaja Saman, of men the Çudra [Shudra], of cattle the ...


5

Note: Actually it's better, if I make a chart of all the intermixed children names & duties. However, I am posting this answer to make a reference elsewhere. Later depending on time & interest, I will be creating a chart and posting here. The names in "bold" are the different castes. From AnusAsana Parva: Yudhishthira said, 'Through inducements ...


5

Shanti Parva of Mahabharata says people of all varnas can perform sacrifices as at first only Brahmin Varna was created, from Brahmin Varna only other Varnas emerged. Bharadwaja said, 'If the distinction between the four orders (of human beings) be made by means only of color (attribute), then it seems that all the four orders have been mingled ...


5

Yes, Brahmins performed such rituals which turned non Kshatriyas to Kshatriyas. One such instance is Hiranya Garbha (literally Golden Womb) ritual performed by Dantidurga, who is the founder of Rashtrakuta dynasty who overthrew Chalukya Dynasty of Karnataka. He was not a kshatriya by birth but turned to a Kshatriya after performing this ritual. Hiranya ...


5

No, prohibiting Shudras from studying the Vedas does not go against the Vedas. In fact, encouraging them to study the Vedas is going against the Vedas. This is because you can only study the Vedas if you have done Upanayanam, and the scriptures prescribe Upanayanam for Brahmins, Kshatriyas, and Vaishyas only. Shudras do not undergo Upanayanam, and hence, do ...


5

As per Chapter 2 (Varnashrama Dharma) of Kurma Purana, there are six types of action that are recommended for brahmanas. These are yajana (performing sacrifices), yaajana (acting as priests at sacrifices), dana (donation of alms), pratigraha (receiving gifts), adhyapana (teaching) and adhyayana (studying). In times of emergency, a brahmana is ...


5

Daily duties of a Brahmin: From Parashara Smriti (PS): A Brahman, who is given to observe the six duties of his caste, who worships the deities and hospitably receives the guests ; whose meals consist of what remains after(daily) offerings made (on the fire), has never to suffer from misery or want. sandhyA snAnam japo homo ...


5

Here are some quotes about duties, goals and conduct required to be a Brahmana. Gita’s view on Brahmana Serenity, control of the sense, austerity, purity, straight-forwardness, knowledge, insight, and faith in the Supreme Being - these are a Brahman's duties born of his own nature. [Gita 18.42] Yudhisthira’s view on Brahmana Yudhisthira said, " ...


5

Manu Smriti 3.12. For the first marriage of twice-born men (wives) of equal caste are recommended; but for those who through desire proceed (to marry again) the following females, (chosen) according to the (direct) order (of the castes), are most approved. Manu Smriti 3.13. It is declared that a Sudra woman alone (can be) the wife of a Sudra, ...


5

Their Varnas can not be known precisely. Simply because their races propagated without following the marriage rules prescribed in the Hindu scriptures. So, they may have had innumerable instances of what is called mixing of castes, speaking from the perspective of Hindu scriptures like Manu Smriti. But originally they definitely had to belong to one of the ...


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