To understand it better, I am answering after keeping your question limited to the Sun.
Sun is called Aditya meaning son of Aditi and Kashyap Rishi. How can a star be born from a living being?
The star was not born from Aditi. It is not true that there was no Sun before the Aditi's son.
The star Sun came out from the Golden Egg in the very begging. From the ...
Agni is central in all vedic rituals. All the offerings in the Vedic sacrifices are invariably offered to Agni and through him to other gods. Agni is thus the primary recipient of all Vedic sacrifices.So he is also Divine messenger of the gods. You can read more about Agni in this Answer.
The Rigveda itself indicates that Truth is one - "ekam sad vipra ...
It's mentioned in this excerpt from the Garuda Purana, which lists various incarnations that Vayu took in different ages:
अतो रोचननामासौ मरुदंशः प्रकीर्तितः रामावतारे हनुमान्रामकार्यार्थसाधकः
। स एव भीमसेनस्तु जातो भूम्यां महाबलः ॥ Garuda Purana 3.16.68 ॥
When Lord Rama incarnated on Earth, Vayu was born as Hanuman for rendering assistance to ...
The English translation of the slokas 11 to 16, quoted by the OP, is as follows:
11 “Then, due to extreme weight, that golden mountain Mandara sunk to
the Patala; At that time, You, in your avatara as Kurma, lifted the
mountain, which could not be lifted by anyone else, easily on your
12 “When You, the best amongst all, entered the ...
The earliest reference to Hanuman occurs in Rig Veda which describes a divine monkey Vrisakapi in 23 verses starting 10.86. The characteristics are also common to Hanuman.
Our major reference to Hanuman is from Valmiki Ramayana (and its various translations / adaptions) and Mahabharata. Srimad Bhagavad Mahapurana and Skanda Purana also have descriptions of ...