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24 votes
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Dvaita vs Advaita vs Vishistadvaita vs Shuddhadvaita vs any other

Q. I hear these terms Dvaita, Advaita, Vishistdvaita, Shuddhadvaita, and may be any other XYZdvaita, etc in most of the questions but I am not very sure what do they refer to. There are six Darshan (...
Pandya's user avatar
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20 votes

What is the validity of Authoritativeness of vedas?

Purva Mimamsa School in it's Purva Mimamsa Sutras gives very logical arguments to prove Eternity of Vedas. Actually these Arguments can also be used against Nastika school who hold Vedas are not ...
Tezz's user avatar
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19 votes

I want scripture-based explanation for "God is Everywhere"

Vedas state "Sarvakhalvidam Brahman" which means "Everything is Brahman." So, everything is Brahman in the absolute level. Chandogya Upanishad states: सर्वं खल्विदं ब्रह्म तज्जलानि...
Tezz's user avatar
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17 votes
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What are all doctrines or philosophies discussed in Brahma Sutra?

Here are the main philosophical schools discussed by Vyasa in the Brahma Sutras (which you can read here: Vedanta: The Brahma Sutras are the defining text of Vedanta school, so in some sense all the ...
Keshav Srinivasan's user avatar
14 votes

Which are the principle texts/scriptures of Advaita Vedanta?

One of the purest Advaitic texts is the Astavakra Samhita. This is the only book that Ramakrishna Paramahamsa kept in his room. Again, it is pure Advaita. Another is the Pancadasi by Sri Vidyaranya ...
Swami Vishwananda's user avatar
13 votes

Why isn't there one Absolute Reality?

Q. In the annals of Sanaatana Dharma why isn't there One Absolute Reality? Every "seer of truth" saw/interpreted the way they saw it. Absolute Reality is only one but it is expressed differently ...
Pandya's user avatar
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13 votes

Who is Ishwar according to Advait Vedanta - Lord Shiva or Vishnu?

Pure Advaita considers forms of God as unreal. Thus it does not matter what name the unreal Ishvara is called. Shankara considers Isvara or Brahman with attributes as ultimately unreal. He writes in ...
Pradip Gangopadhyay's user avatar
12 votes
Accepted

What is the mystery of Hari Sankara Stotra composed by Adi Shankara?

Here, is that Stotra composed by Adi-Shankara. It has 11 verses and gives such double meanings that it can be used to praise Lord Shiva and Lord Vishnu at the same time. It goes on praising 10 avatars ...
Tezz's user avatar
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12 votes

How do Dvaitins and Vishistadvaitins interpret this passage of Mahabharata?

You quoted from the Mahabharata this passage of text: Meanwhile, the righteous-souled Suka, who had entered the elements, had become their soul and acquired omnipresence, answered his sire by ...
brahma jijnasa's user avatar
12 votes
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How can you roll up space?

The mantra is not talking about rolling the sky, it's just used in analogous comparision: निष्कलं निष्क्रिय शान्तं निरवद्यं निरञ्जनम् । अमृतस्य पर सेतुं दग्धेन्धनमिवानलम् ।। 19 यदा चर्मवदाकाशं ...
Tezz's user avatar
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12 votes
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Why did Vedvyasa mention his shishya Jaimini's opinion/saying in Brahma Sutra?

It's because Vyasa and Jaimini were working together. Vyasa and two of his disciples, Jaimini and Kasakritsna, together composed a unified work called the Mimamsa Shastra, designed to analyze the ...
Keshav Srinivasan's user avatar
12 votes

Why do sanyasa scriptures degrade women?

Sanyas Upanishads were written for male spiritual aspirants and thus talk of women being dangerous to males. Women are allowed to be monks. Just as women are dangerous for men who are spiritual ...
Pradip Gangopadhyay's user avatar
12 votes

Can't Shudras read the Bhagavad Gita?

There are no specific restrictions for reading and understanding Bhagavad Gita based on castes, differentiation apart from two cases, where Krishna himself emphasizes on to whom this Gita knowledge ...
Agamas Tantras's user avatar
11 votes
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Is Bhagavad Gita text Shruti or Smriti?

According to Prasthanatrayi concept of Vedanta, Bhagavad Gita is considered as Smriti Prashthana. As presented in forward by T.M.P Mahadevan in English translation of BrahmaSutra Bhasya of Adi ...
Pandya's user avatar
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11 votes
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According to ShankarAchArya in Advaita, is the universe "unreal" or "unworthy"?

There is a common popular misconception in People that according to Advaita World doesn't exist at all. It is not true. When we are deciding reality of things as per Advaita. Then, Advaita itself ...
Tezz's user avatar
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11 votes
Accepted

What are Vivartavada and Ajatavada?

1. Vivartavada: Sanskrit word विवर्त means [1] transformation, more precisely [2] apparent form in Vedanta philosophy. Vivartavada means the doctrine of apparent transformation. According to Adi ...
Pandya's user avatar
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11 votes
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Why did Adi Sankaracharya compare the color of Ishwara's eyes to that of monkey's nates?

First of all, here is the Chandogya Upanishad verse in question: tasya yathā kapyāsaṃ puṇḍarīkamevamakṣiṇī tasyoditi nāma sa eṣa sarvebhyaḥ pāpmabhya udita udeti ha vai sarvebhyaḥ pāpmabhyo ...
Keshav Srinivasan's user avatar
11 votes

How many people have written commentaries on Brahma Sutras?

There are at least 34 commentaries. Let me try to enumerate as many commentaries as I can. Note that I'm only naming one commentary from each commentator, even if they wrote multiple. And for the ...
Keshav Srinivasan's user avatar
10 votes

Why isn't there one Absolute Reality?

Absolute reality is one but as it beyond level of mind several philosophy try to discuss it in their own way so there arise many interpretations. Actually this question is addressed in Suta Samhita ...
Tezz's user avatar
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10 votes

Why isn't there one Absolute Reality?

Why isn't there one Absolute Reality? The ultimate reality is indeed one. But it is known by different names. Suparnam viprAh kavyo vachobhir ekam santam bahudhA kalpayanti. .......... ...
Rickross's user avatar
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10 votes

Which are the principle texts/scriptures of Advaita Vedanta?

Apart from the works of Adi Sankara Bhagavatpada mentioned by Swami Vishwananda. I would like to say a few words. If you want to know about its philosophy like bird's view, there are many books ...
Student's user avatar
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10 votes
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Which scripture describes six kalyana gunas (auspicious attributes) of Vishnu?

Vishnu Purana in 6.5.74 states: "ऐश्वर्यस्य समग्रस्य धर्मस्य यशसरिश्रयः। ज्ञानवैराग्ययोश्चैव षण्णां भग इतीरणा ।।" Complete splendor, virtue, glory, opulence, knowledge, dispassion - these ...
Tezz's user avatar
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10 votes
Accepted

Who was the solar dynasty king who was turned into a spider?

The spider in question is a Shiva Gana named Malyavan. The Chola dynasty of kings is said to have sprung from the Surya Vamsa, at least according to this Wikipedia page. The last king to be mentioned ...
Surya's user avatar
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10 votes

Why is Sankaracharya accused as Pracchana Bauddha (crypto-buddhist) by many Vedantins?

It is very natural that Vaishnavas do not like Sankara's interpretation of Vedanta. You can read my answer to another question here: Did Shankara reject some doctrines of Atman or Brahman in order to ...
Pradip Gangopadhyay's user avatar
10 votes
Accepted

Why self realization doesn't imply omniscience?

Nice question! Since you have mentioned 'Advaitavaad' in your question I'm answering from Adi Shankaras Advaita perspective. Yes, Self realization doesn't imply Omniscience. It is because in ...
Tezz's user avatar
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10 votes

What are the Vedas technically? How can Upanishads be called Vedas when some parts are neither revelations nor hymns dedicated to any specific deity?

As I've mentioned in my this answer, Though Brahmana, Aranyaka & Upanishads are not hymns heard (or seen) by ancient Rishis in Tapasya, they are considered to be forming the part of Vedas. ...
Pandya's user avatar
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10 votes

Who is Ishwar according to Advait Vedanta - Lord Shiva or Vishnu?

What is Ishwara? According to Sarva Vedanta Siddhanta Saara Sangraha (You can get Sanskti-Hindi version from Internet Archive). verses 310-317 Ishvara ॥ १४ ॥ ईश्वरः॥ मायोपहितचैतन्यं साभासं ...
Pandya's user avatar
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