अनाधृष्टानि धृषितो व्यास्यन्निधीँरदेवाँ अमृणदयास्यः । मासेव सूर्यो वसु पुर्यमा ददे गृणानः शत्रूँरशृणाद्विरुक्मता ॥
धृषितः) शत्रुओं का धर्षणकर्ता दबानेवाला (अनाधृष्टानि) न धर्षण करने योग्य बलों को (वि-आस्यत्) विशेषरूप से फेंकता है (अयास्यः) अभ्रान्त-न थका हुआ (निधीन्-अदेवान्) बलनिधि नास्तिक उद्दण्ड शत्रुओं को (अमृणात्) हिंसित करता है (मासा ...
From the preface of the book "The Hymns of the RigvedaTranslated by Ralph T. H. Griffith2nd edition, Kotagiri (Nilgiri) 1896" :
This work is an attempt to bring within easy reach of all readers of
English a translation of the Hymns of the Rigveda which while aiming
especially at close fidelity to the letter and the spirit of the
original, shall be ...
Well if you look at the Hindi translation of it here on Vedakosh, the complete translation says:
(धृषितः) शत्रुओं का धर्षणकर्ता दबानेवाला (अनाधृष्टानि) न धर्षण करने
योग्य बलों को (वि-आस्यत्) विशेषरूप से फेंकता है (अयास्यः) अभ्रान्त-न
थका हुआ (निधीन्-अदेवान्) बलनिधि नास्तिक उद्दण्ड शत्रुओं को (अमृणात्)
हिंसित करता है (मासा इव सूर्यः) अपनी रश्मि से सूर्य रस खी...
Brererton & Jamison RV 10-138
The Sun unhitched his chariot in the middle of heaven. The Ārya found a match for the
Dāsa.The ﬁrm fortiﬁcations of the crafty lord Pipru did Indra throw open, having acted together with Rjiśvan.
Deﬁant, he threw open the undeﬁable (fortiﬁcations); the unbridled one pulverized the ungodly treasure-houses.Like the Sun with ...
There is no consensus on this issue. Some think dharma (righteousness) is based on scripture and others disagree.
Bhishma said, 'Some say that righteousness consists in what has been
upheld in the Srutis. Others do not agree to this. I would not censure
them that say so. Everything, again, has not been laid down in the
Mahabharata, Santi Parva, ...
Quoting some portions from the introduction part of the book "Dharmasutras
The Law Codes of
and Vasistha", Translated from the Original Sanskrit
and Edited by
Apastamba proposes a principle that becomes a cornerstone of later
thinking on the sources of dharma. He says that originally all rules
From purely tantric perspective:
No, not necessarily. A person can be a 'Pashu', 'veer' or 'divya' - 'sadhaka' accordingly. Although there is a general agreement inside tantras that 'VedicAchara' is followed by 'Pashus' (Also referred as 'PashvaAchar' पश्वाचार ).
'Shkta' are of two types, one are called the 'DakshinAcharShakta' other one are the '...
The Nyaya school is astika, orthodox, in the sense that they accepted the vedas. At the very start of the Bhasha Pariccheda with Siddhanta-Muktavali by Visvanatha-Nyaya-Pancanana (translation by Swami Madhavananda) the opening invocation is from the vedas. And in his opening commentary Visvanatha-Nyaya-Pancanana states:
...The invocation there is made in ...
This exact question has been raised in the Govinda Bhashya of Baladeva Vidyabhushana. (Please note that this translation often uses the word "demigod" in place of "deva." Also, keep in mind that in this bhashya of the Brahma Sutras, Vishnu is revered as Brahman.):
The objector may say: "[...] There remains, however, a contradiction ...
Can we thus conclude, using the above verse, that polygyny is allowed and polyandry forbidden?
Yes. P. V. Kane cites this verse in the chapter on polygamy in History of Dharmaśāstra, Vol II Part I:
The Tai. S. (VI. 6.4.3) gives a dogmatic and somewhat picturesque explanation of polygamy that 'on one sacrificial post he passes round two girdles, so one man ...
The view that brahman/God is the author of the vedas is accepted in advaita.
Adi Shankara's bhashya on Brahmasutra 1.1.3 where he gives two interpretations of the sutra. In the first interpretation, brahman is the source of vedas.
(The omniscience of Brahman follows) from its being the source of Scripture.
Brahman is the source, i.e. the cause of the great ...
Rig Veda is the foundational scripture of Hinduism. Whether Aryans "arrived" or are indigenous - they are the people of the Rig Veda.
But although Indus Valley Script is not fully deciphered, the great Iravatam Mahadevan traces Siva = Neelakantha = Mahadeva back to the Indus Valley civilization.
This verse is not present in the Ṛgveda. It is found in the Mahopaniṣad, a minor Upaniṣad related to the tradition of Sāmaveda. Mahopaniṣad has six chapters. This verse is present in chapter 6 (6.71):
udāraḥ peśalācāraḥ sarvācārānuvṛttimān .
antaḥsaṅgaparityāgī bahiḥsaṃbhāravāniva .
antarvairāgyamādāya bahirāśonmukhehitaḥ .. 70..
ayaṃ bandhurayaṃ neti ...
Everything in the answer by user "sv." is correct and useful, but I have some more information about this sAma-sUkta. Below is the full text, but first with svarA marks showing the notes to be sung on, and then the gAna text, an expanded version that is used in performance and ceremonies and has vowel patterns like "uhavAhAu" added. The ...
tat eva amrtam ucyate
The translator that you quoted, has translated eva as alone. The translation is fine, but there are other equally valid ways to translate it.
I would translate eva as indeed. So my translation for this sentence would be - that indeed is immortal or indeed, that is immortal.
Translated in this way, there would be no ...
The terms like Surya, Brahma, Agni, Indra etc. in Vedas are used for Supereme God. These all are epithets of god.
Rigveda Mandala 2 Sukta 1
THOU, Agni, shining in thy glory through the days, art brought to life from out the waters, from the stone: From out the forest trees and herbs that grow on ground, thou, Sovran Lord of men art generatad [sic] pure.2. ...
The spiritual laws revealed in the Vedas is eternal. Not every thing mentioned in the Vedas is eternal.
There was a time when the Vedas themselves were considered eternal in
the sense in which the divine truths contained therein were changeless
and permanent and were only revealed to man. At a subsequent time, it
appears that the utterances of the Vedic ...
No, there is no concept of such foods in the Vedas. The reason is that the very idea of Sattva, Rajasa and Tamasa Gunas is not there in the vedas. These are concepts of Samkhya Darsana.
The concept of prakriti is used in Sankhya philosophy to explain the
evolution of the universe. Prakriti is defined as the ultimate
unconscious primal matter (both gross and ...
सर्वस्य चाहं हृदि सन्निविष्टो
मत्त: स्मृतिर्ज्ञानमपोहनं च |
वेदैश्च सर्वैरहमेव वेद्यो
वेदान्तकृद्वेदविदेव चाहम् || 15||
sarvasya chāhaṁ hṛidi sanniviṣhṭo
mattaḥ smṛitir jñānam apohanaṁ cha
vedaiśh cha sarvair aham eva vedyo
vedānta-kṛid veda-vid eva chāham
I am seated in the hearts of all living beings, and from Me come memory, knowledge, as ...
The Vedas ain't supposed to be understood by every human being, let alone cats, dogs, etc. Only the knowers of the secret aśvattha tree truly understand the Vedas,
BG-15.1: The śastras speak of the imperishable aśvattha tree as having its roots above and branches below; its leaves are the Vedic hymns, and he who knows this is a knower of the Vedas.
If a text is truly or literally eternal, then it shouldn't make mention of TEMPORAL or HISTORIC occurrences. Otherwise, we can put a time stamp on it.
For example, Rig Veda mentions the Dasharajna battle. This means that those mantras that reference the battle have to be composed after the battle happened by the Rishi of those mantras. OR the Rishi had ...
As we all know Gita is a Upanishad. It is said that Lord Krishna churned the milk of 108 Upanishads and gave that milk (Bhagwad Gita) to Arjuna. So everything written in Gita is actually knowledge of Upanishads. In Upanishads, Vedas and other sahstras are called apara gyan (Lower knowledge) while knowledge of Brāhma (supereme knowledge) is called para gyana.
These verses in the Gita are a criticism of then popular Purva Mimamsa darsana. Basically scriptural fundamentalists are being condemned.
The criticism offered here is intended to draw the distinction between
the outlook of the new Gospel of Bhagavata Dharma which Krishna
preached and the outlook of the Vedic fundamentalists who followed the
philosophy of ...
It's not about denying authority of Vedas, what Krishna means here is that flowery language of Vedas that is the ritual parts is for those who want to succeed in this life materialistic goals. But if one if needs spiritual growth, then such stuff is not necessary.
Similarly those who get entangled in these flowery language to benefit and achieve their ...
Veda Vyasa Smriti verse 4 says
Shruti Smriti Puraanaanaam virodho yatra drishyate, tatra shrotam
pramaanaantu tayordhyadhe smritirvaraa
Meaning : Where ever there might be variations of views among pandita
munis in respect of Smritis and Puranas, then indeed ‘Shriti/ Veda
Vachanaas’ would be the utimate decisions or of judgment.
Rami Sivan a great Hindu ...
Even the fact that the Vedas are interpreted in different ways is something that is really wrong with some people. The Vedas were never written down, it was revealed via the breath of Prajapati Brahma about 3.11 trillion years ago (if you go by modern calculations). Vedas need to be learned as is by shishyas who hear it from their Guru. To get a sense of the ...
Is the eternality of the Vedas controdict brihadaranyaka upanishad 2.4.10?
It's contradicted by many things:
Mention of historical events, like the battle of ten kings. The Vedas are temporal, meaning they were written in an ancient setting before modern technology, so they mention very "primitive" things like making fire with sticks, chariots, ...
As far as Vedic tradition is concerned, Guru, Acharya, Upadhyaya etc., are all required to have some specific qualifications. Like those given below:
Manu Smriti 2.140. They call that Brahmana who initiates a pupil
and teaches him the Veda together with the Kalpa and the Rahasyas, the
teacher (acharya, of the latter).
2.141. But he who for his livelihood ...
The eminent Indus Valley Script expert Iravatham Mahadevan accepted Harvard's Michael Witzel as his guru,
Iravatham Mahadevan (11.15 to 11.25 a.m): “Guru Brahma, Guru Vishnu, Gurudevo Maheswara; Guru sakshat Parabrahma tasmai sri kuruve Namaha” ...
Astika schools are those which accept Vedas as valid proof and do not depend whether they are authored or eternal.
Out of the six astika darshanas of sanatana dharma, four do not agree that the vedas are authorless and eternal. All these six schools, however, accepted Vedas as valid proof (Shabda Pramana) and authortative. Thus they are considered astika ...
Rig Veda 3.3.1
वैश्वानराय पृथुपाजसे विपो रत्ना विधंत धरुणेषु गातवे ।
अग्निर्हि देवाँ अमृतो दुवस्यत्यथा धर्माणि सनता न दूदुषत् ॥
vaishvAnarAya pRRithupAjase vipo ratnA vidhaMta dharuNeShu gAtave |
agnirhi devAN amRRito duvasyatyathA dharmANi sanatA na dUduShat ||
To him who shines afar, Vaisvanara, shall bards give precious
thingthat he may go on certain ...
There are different opinions regarding the relationship between the Tantras and the Vedas. Sankaracharya says that Bhagavata is anti-vedic while Ramanujacharya expresses an opposite opinion. One has to take these different opinions with a large dose of salt. Tantra acknowledges the authority of the Vedas. Tantra does not oppose the Vedas.
Ignorant notions ...
I was wondering what is the opinion of Tantra on Vedas? Does it oppose the Vedas? Does it accept the authority of the Vedas?
It depends on which tantra. The Shaiva agamas (tantras) are non-vedic because they declare that Brahman is not the material cause of the universe. Vyasa has written a sutra in the Brahma Sutras to show this:
Sutra 2.2.36 - (The ...
You can find Samhita verses in Vedas. I will limited examples from this blog of Ram Abloh Ji a great Vedic Scholar. Please read his blog.
I was Manu and the Sun. I am the wise Kakṣīvān Ṛṣi. I nurture the
white bolt of lightning (or the Ṛṣi Kutsa). I am the ancient Kavi
Uśanā. O people, look at me! (i.e. you can also become enlightened
like me) (RV 4.26.1)
Here I am giving a couple of examples -
The entire Isha Upanishad (one of the principal Upanishads) is actually the 40th chapter of Yajurveda Sanhita (Shukla Yajurveda).
Siva Sankalpa Upanishad (one of the minor Upanishads) is also part of the Yajurveda Sanhita [Shukla Yajurveda] (Chapter 34, hymns 1-6).
You can check it by yourself in the ...
@Rickross has given a great Answer, I will add a few more things. From Sarvollāsatantram 1st Ullahasa:
आगतः शिव वक्त्रेभ्यो गतश्च गिरिजाननम् ।
मतः श्रीवासुदेवस्य तस्मादागम उच्यते ॥
A shastra is said to be Agama when it is said by Shiva, heard by ShriDevi and the Opinion is of ShriVasuDeva.
Again from the Sarvollāsatantram, in the same Ullhasa:
Sanskrit is a very rich language and old language. One word may have
Language evolve on change time to time. Vedas were at least written
So how do we know that the translation we are reading and
understanding is correct. And that's how people have understood the
Vedas when they were first composed.
That is why the Rishis ...