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The Veda talk about spiritual matters only, occasionally giving references to the other practices prevalent at that point of time. The core values of Sanatana Dharma of Vedic era advocate self enquiry only. Temple, texts like Puranas, do not represent Sanatana Dharma. The article on Indus Valley Civilisation (3300 BCE to 1300 BCE), which was considered ...


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This question was dealt as early by the scholars of the Veda as early as 1889. Also, Yaska the author of Nirukta also alludes to this issue in that codification took place when the power of oral reproduction began to decline (see Nirukata 1.20). The scholars of the Vedas agree that in all probability the codification took place before 600 BC. For an ...


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Prayers to Sarasvatī Ṛg Veda RV 1.3.10 पावका नः सरस्वती वाजेभिर्वाजिनीवती । यज्ञं वष्टु धियावसुः pāvakā ǀ naḥ ǀ sarasvatī ǀ vājebhiḥ ǀ vājinī-vatī ǀ yajñam ǀ vaṣṭu ǀ dhiyā-vasuḥ ǁ Sarasvatī is the queen of the words. She grants us her boon through words. Let pure Sarasvatī, providing us with most auspicious words, be satisfied with our prayers, ...


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The Prajāpati of the Vedic scriptures is NOT the mythological Brahmā of the Epic-Puranic literature. This is evident from the explicit statement in Vājasaneyi Saṃhitā (32.5) which states that Prajāpati is the God before whom nothing was born and who pervaded all the worlds. यस्माज् जातं न पुरा किं चनैव य आबभूव भुवनानि विश्वा । प्रजापतिः प्रजया सम्ररा...


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Yes, You are looking for Rigveda 1.32.1 The verse of Agnipurana you're talking about in the question might be Agnipurana 259.14 (259th chapter from Agnipurna is "Rigvidhanam") quoting from sa.wikisource.org: (Transliterated into IAST): ṛgbhiḥ ṣoḍaśabhiḥ kuryyādindrasyeti dine dine | hihaṇyastūpamityetajjapan śatrūn prabādhate || 259.14 || After ...


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Yes, it is mentioned. 1)Why tides occurse? Vishnu puran 2:4:89 “अन्यूनानतिरीक्ताश्च वर्धन्यापो हसंती च उदयास्तमनेष्विन्दो: पक्षयो: शुक्लकृष्णयो:” It holds Moon responsible for water’s ‘up & down (tide)’. According to modern science, moon attracts water through it's gravity it means Hindus knew about gravity. 2)Why objects fall? Kanad sutra ...


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Yes, there is a Rig-Veda mantra that points towards Indra being alone at the beginning i.e. this mantra praises Indra as Supreme Creator and he was alone before. All the material forms /beings were created by him and all the visible universe came after Indra. This Rig Veda mantra is from Mandala 8- Sukta 96- Mantra 6. The Rishi of this sukta is Dyutana, ...


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Bhoomi Sukta from Atharva veda eulogises Mother Earth (AV 12.1). It describes, असंबाधं बध्यतो मानवानां यस्या उद्वतः प्रवतः समं बहु । नानावीर्या ओषधीर्या बिभर्ति पृथिवी नः प्रथतां राध्यतां नः ॥२॥ Asambaadham Badhyato Maanavaanaam Yasyaa Udvatah Pravatah Samam Bahu | Naanaa-Viiryaa Ossadhiiryaa Bibharti Prthivii Nah Prathataam Raadhyataam Nah ||...


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I am reproducing the following part of question portion, which is crucial, for answering it. We recently hear a lot of neo-vedantists claiming that 'Vedas ALONE are truth', while simultaneously: not knowing what all the Vedas are not knowing all the mantras in Vedas not understanding what Veda mantras mean not even knowing Sanskrit ...


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Why is there such a stark contradiction in Vedic hymns and many Purāṇic stories? As the late P. L. Bhargava discusses in his paper The Origin and Development of Purāṇas and Their Relation With Vedic Literature, the Purāṇas had a different objective altogether: The religion of the Ṛgveda is very simple and there is hardly any room for mythology in it. ...


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Because the Purāṇas came later, the question looks better if rephrased as: Why is Purāṇic Indra so different from Vedic Indra? The late P. L. Bhargava addressed this very issue in his paper The Origin and Development of Purāṇas and Their Relation With Vedic Literature. As he says, the authors of various Purāṇas are responsible for bringing disrepute to ...


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The pre-Classical form of Sanskrit is known as Vedic Sanskrit. The earliest attested Sanskrit text is the Rigveda, a Hindu scripture, from the mid-to-late second millennium BCE. No written records from such an early period survive if they ever existed. However, scholars are confident that the oral transmission of the texts is reliable: they were ceremonial ...


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No. In the mythology of the Puranas and the epics, the picture of sins (pāpa ) and virtue (pūnya) that emerges is mostly based on the superstitions and is not comprehensive to present a unequivocal, logical, argumentative answer to your question. However, Vedas presents an answer that appeals to logic and legal philosophies. Before dealing with the ...


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It is a myth that anyone can indeed subtract sin from virtue or doing a certain activity would rid one of one's sins or give moksha! The Law of Karma is very complex as well as subtle. According to Ramayana, the fruits of Dharma as well as Adharma have to be borne by the individual concerned separately. न तु धर्मोपसंहारमधर्मफलसंहितम्।।5.51.28।। ...


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Mahabharata gives a list of methods to get rid of the effect of sin. Yudhisthira says,’…a perpetrated sin is expiated by auspicious acts, by publishing it wildly, by repentance, by alms-giving, by penances, by trips to tirthas after renunciation of everything, by constant meditation on the scriptures. Of all these, he that has practiced ...


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In a Rig Veda, the word asura can be found over 100 times, in which most of the times it conveys positive sense while disparaging reference occurs only a very few. It is generally associated with different Vedic gods: with Agni RV 2.1.6, RV 3.3.4; त्वमग्ने रुद्रो असुरो महो दिवस्त्वं शर्धो मारुतं पृक्ष ईशिषे । त्वं वातैररुणैर्यासि शंगयस्त्वं पूषा वि...


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what does "mantra" mean and what does "brahmana" mean? Has it been defined anywhere? The Purva Mimamsa Sutras of Jaimini, commented upon by Shabara, have defined the words "mantra" and "brahmana" as follows: Adhyaya 2, Pada 1, Adhikarana 7: "Definition of 'Mantra'" Sutra 32 - The name 'mantra' is applied to those texts that are expressive of the said (...


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This is a good question. I also like to have copies of the Vedic scriptures without commentaries for self-study and recitation. There are a few publishers available who publish the Samhitas and Brahmanas in the mool form. If you are in Europe you can buy the texts from Bibliotheca Indica published by Biblio Verlag Osnabrueck, Berlin. They have a full ...


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The answer is no. There are five Vedas as follows:- 1: Rigveda 2: Atharvaveda 3: Samveda 4: Yajurveda 5: Itihaas and puranas The Vedas supports this claim. Atharvaveda 11:7:24 says that god created puranas and itihasa. Verses, and Songs, and magic hymns, Purāna, sacrificial text. All the celestial Gods whose home is heaven sprang from the Residue ...


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The Vedas are supported by Vedangas and thus the proof for the same must come to Vedas or Vedangas. Here are explicit statements for your reference as to what constitutes Vedas. 1. Āpastambhaśrautrasūtra 24.1.31 मन्त्रब्राह्मणयोर्वेदनामधेयम् (mantra brahmanayoh Veda namadheyam) 2. Bodhyānagṛhayasūtra 2.6.2 मन्त्रब्राह्मणं वेद इत्याचक्षते (mantra brahmanayoh ...


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Short letter Mantras Probably the shortest sukta in the Vedic literature is in Atharva veda. This sukta is just of single line giving the names of the chief Vedic metres also known as Chandansi sukta (छन्दासि सूक्त ) Atharva-Veda Book 19-Sukta 21.This mantra is just having 25 letters splitting the words in multiple letters. गायत्र्यु १ष्णिगनुष्टुब् ...


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Sruti, the vedas, and more specifically, the Upanishads, define Sruti. One of the three Prasthanas accepted by all Hindus as the authoritative texts, The Brahma Sutras, section 2.1. says (Swami Vireswarananda translator, https://www.wisdomlib.org/hinduism/book/brahma-sutras/d/doc63014.html) Adhikarana summary: Refutation of Smritis that are not based on ...


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The Brihadaranyaka upanishad says that the puranas and itihasas are (like) the breath of brahman. https://www.wisdomlib.org/hinduism/book/the-brihadaranyaka-upanishad/d/doc117950.html Verse 2.4.10: स यथार्द्रएधाग्नेरभ्याहितात्पृथग्धूमा विनिश्चरन्ति, एवं वा अरेऽस्य महतो भूतस्य निह्̣स्वसितमेतद्यदृग्वेदो यजुर्वेदह्̣ सामवेदोऽथर्वाङ्गिरस इतिहासह्̣ पुरा...


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चत्वारि वाक्‌ परिमिता पदानि तानि विदुर्व्राह्मणा ये मनीषिण: | तानि विदुर्व्राह्मणा ये मनीषिण: गुहा त्रीणि निहिता नेङ्गयन्ति तुरीयं वाचो मनुष्या वदन्ति ॥ R.V. 1.164.45 || Four are the definite grades of speech: those Brahmans who are wise know them : three deposited in secret, indicate no meaning: men speak the fourth grade of speech. (H.H....


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The definition of Sūkta, was given below Sūkta (सूक्त).—a. well-spoken, well-said; Sūkta is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the > terms su and ukta > (उक्त). Sūkta (सूक्त) refers to one of the three principle styles found in Sanskrit literature.—Sūktas are the hymns of the Vedas, these are poetic compositions set to various different metres, ...


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No, they are not 11 Rudras mentioned in the Vedas. This is a concept invented in the Puranas. Specifically, Matsya(५.२९-३॰), (Harivamśa (१.३.४९-५२) and has no support in the Vedas. Rig Veda reveals Rudra as श्वितीचे (śvitīce) (२.३३.८) which is translated by Sāyaṇa as of white complexion. He is one among two or three gods who are invoked as having or ...


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Because you have asked "according to Vedas", the answer below is provided from the primary sources and does not take into account mythological sources like Puranas. The word Naraka is not found in the Rig Veda. However, a reference to a dark place deep down (padaṃ gāmbhīram) is found in the Rig Veda Samhita: पापासः सन्तो अनृता असत्या इदं पदमजनता गभीरम् 4....


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The four world Ages or Yugas is a Puranic invention. In the Vedic literature, there is no association of the world Ages with the purported four Yugas. The names Kṛta, Tretā, Dvāpara and Kali has been derived from the Vedic literature and are associated with the game of dice. Again, and Again they appear in the Vedic literature in the context of the gambling....


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As I discuss in this Medium story, the four world Ages or Yugas is a Puranic invention. In the Vedic literature, there is no association of the world Ages with the purported four Yugas. The names Kṛta, Tretā, Dvāpara and Kali has been derived from the Vedic literature and are associated with the game of dice. Again, and Again they appear in the Vedic ...


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A Pyramid will have 5 faces. The Vedic literature contains many hymns, describing spiritual aspects, in esoteric fashion. So if we consider those esoteric mentions, we can infer that a Pyramid is a an symbolic representation of panchabhutas or 5 elements. Agni - Fire Vayu/Indra - Air Varuna - water Earth - Aditi Space/Heaven - Tvastr Earth and ...


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All of them accept the existence of Atman (Jiva) and Brahman (God) and all of them accept the validity/authenticity of Vedas. Refer following the closely related QA by Keshavan for detailed information: How do different Astika schools prove the existence of the soul? How do different Astika schools prove the existence of God? Touching the point of ...


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