I. Rtadhama, the Vasu Prajapati
I have two candidates, both of whom make sense to me. Let me know in the comments.
Varuna is Lord of Waters, cognate with the more well known Apa Vasu (Apa = water). He's a Vasu as a controller of the element of water, and in the Vedas, space. Varuna is intimately associated with Ṛta, "truth, order". He is the very ...
It is described in Srimad Bhagavat Purana.
Srimad Bhagavat Purana Canto 5, Chapter 21 describes The movement of Sun and it's Chariot.
यस्यैकं चक्रं द्वादशारं षण्नेमि त्रिणाभि संवत्सरात्मकं समामनन्ति तस्याक्षो
मेरोर्मूर्धनि कृतो मानसोत्तरे कृतेतरभागो यत्र प्रोतं रविरथचक्रं तैलयन्त्र
चक्रवद्भ्रमन्मानसोत्तरगिरौ परिभ्रमति ॥१३॥
तस्मिन्नक्षे कृतमूलो ...
Is this story of Surya being born dead and revived later given in any scripture?
Yes , apart from Brahma Purana , we find the brief mentioning of Aditya or Sun God being born dead and revived later in Satapatha Brahmana - Kanda 3 - Adhyaya - 1 - Brahmana 3 . .But here instead it's said that Martanda was born unformed or immature than dead .
Lord Hanuman is associated with muscles and muscle powers/strength.
From Hanuman Chalisa:
बुद्धिहीन तनु जानिके सुमिरौ पवन कुमार ।
बल बुद्धि विद्या देहु मोहि हरहु कलेस बिकार् ॥
O Hanuman, O Lord, as I am ignorant and lack of wisdom, I pray to you to take away all my woes and worries and shower on me wisdom, strength and knowledge.
Aja Ekapada is mentioned in Rig-Veda 2.31.6 and Atharva-Veda Kanda 13- Sukta 1- Mantra 6.
रोहितो द्यापृथिवि जजान तत्र तन्तुं परमेष्ठी ततान । तत्र शिश्रियेSज
एक पादोSद्रुंहद् द्यापृथिवि बलेन ।। AV 13.1.6।।
Rohita gave the Earth and Heavens their being. There Para- meshthin
held the cord extended. Thereon reposeth Aja Ekapāda. He with his
The word Asura has 2 meanings in the text Rig Veda
In positive sense and negative sense.
The word asa means breath and the word Asura would mean who has his strength in the breath or who is the possessed of breath (the meaning given by yaksha nirukta).That means an asura is someone who is posser of breath that he could perform Great actions by his power ...
The Havirdhanas are the two carts used to carry the Soma offerings in Soma Sacrifice from outside to main Place of Yajna . These two carts Havirdhanas are considered as gods. One is Heaven and another is Earth like twins. As described in Satapatha Brahmana .
6 Moreover, the cart represents an abundance; for the cart does indeed
represent an abundance:...
The verse is actually there in the ChAndogya Upanishad (CU).
CU 3.6.1 states:
Tad yat prathamamritam tad vasava upajivantyAgninA mukhena | na
vai deva asnanti na pivantyeadevAmritam drishtvA tripyanti ||
Among them, which is the first Amrita, keeping Agni in front, is
enjoyed by the Vasus. [But, in the real sense], the gods neither do
eat nor ...
Yes, this story is mentioned in the Puranas.
Prajapati made Devas, the sons of Aditi the partakers of the share in the sacrifice but Daityas and Danavas harassed Devas due to their enmity. They won the three worlds from Devas. Devas didn't get their rightful share of sacrifices and struck with hunger.
Aditi was afflicted. She felt distress seeing her ...
According to Shrimada Bhagavata Purana, Canto 6, Chapter 6, Verse 39, Bhaga is the son of Aditi so is one of the twelve Adityas.
Now please hear me as I describe the descendants of Aditi in chronological order. In this dynasty the Supreme Personality of Godhead Nārāyaṇa descended by His plenary expansion. The names of the sons of Aditi are as follows: ...
Deities is mostly refereed in Samhitas and Brahmanas of Rigveda.
From wikipedia>Hindu deities>Number_of_deities:
The number 33 is based on a verse in the Rigveda and Brihadaranyaka Upanishad - Chapter 3. which 11 gods each in heaven, on earth and in mid-air. Another verse of the Rigveda states that "3,339 gods have worshipped Agni". The extension to 330 ...
Chapter 3 (pg 18-19) of the Upodghatapada of the Brahmanda Purana describes the progeny of Dharma. In it there is a mention of Nara and Narayana as Sadhyas.
4.Twelve Sādhyas were born as the sons of Sadhya and Dharma. Those conversant with the Devas affirm that they are superior to other
5.These are the gods called Jaya, created from the mouth of ...
Wiki is right. Manyu is one of the Rudra among many forms of Rudra. As described in this chapter of Shatapatha Brahamana:
And as to why he performs the Satarudriya offering. When Pragâpati had become disjointed, the deities departed from him. Only one god did not leave him, to wit, Manyu extended he remained within. He (Pragâpati) cried, and the tears ...
Good question! But I see a slight contradiction in your wording. You ask about "specific appearance", while at the same time asking whether "they really exist as entities".
Existence is difference from appearance. The substance water exists. But it may appear differently in solid, liquid and gaseous forms.
Similarly, the ultimate absolute ...
There is a lot of confusion regarding these two perhaps because the Puranas mention Vishwakarma as the doer of things that Vedas mention Tavshtar to have done. This book mentions the same:
But there is a huge distinction between Vedic & Puranic Vishwakarma - Vedas use Vishwakarman most often as an adjective not the name of a person. It is an epithet for ...
The reason Lord Tvastar created vajra for Indra is discribed here in tattireya samhita of yajur veda kanda 2.
Tvastr, his son slain, offered Soma excluding Indra. Indra desired an invitation to the rite, but he did not invite him, (saying), 'Thou hast slain my son.' He made a disturbance of the sacrifice, and forcibly drank the Soma. The remains ...
The story is described in chapter 77 of the Markandeya Purana:
The daughter of Vishwakarman [the divine architect] was the wife of the sun, by name Sajna who begat on her a son, by name Manu, who, illustrious as he was, was equally a master of various branches of learning. He was the son of Vivaswat and was therefore called Vaivaswata. As soon as she was ...
Mitra-Varuna is the most common dual deity addressed in the Rig Veda. The dual deities Mitra-Varuna are the lords of justice, are said to be laying down the law for men. They watch over oaths and punish oath-breakers They are both considered Ādityas, or deities connected with the Sun; and they are protectors of the righteous order of rta. Their connection is ...
He is the god of the firmament, in whose hands are the thunder and the lightning; at whose command the refreshing showers fall to render the earth fruitful.
In the Vedas, Indra is the king of Svarga (Heaven) and the Devas. He is the god of the heavens, lightning, thunder, storms, rains and river flows. [Wikipedia]
Reference: Hindu Mythology, ...
According to Gobhila Grihya Sutra: 1.4.4, first oblation is sacred to Prajapati.
1 He then should silently offer the Balis.
Let him speak only what refers to the due preparation of the food. With guests he may converse, if he likes.
He then should take some portion of food which is fit for sacrifice, should pour over it some liquid fit for sacrifice (such ...
There are two categories of Pitṛs - the Manushya Pitṛs and the Deva Pitṛs. The Manushya Pitṛs are our ancestors departed to the other loka and the question of generations arises when we talk of them. In the case of Deva Pitṛs there’s no concept of generation as such. The Deva Pitṛs are described below.
The Pitṛs are said to be of seven classes, variously ...
The mantra in question is verse 1 of Rig Veda Book 2 Hymn 23:
ghaṇānāṃ tvā ghaṇapatiṃ havāmahe kaviṃ kavīnāmupamaśravastamam |
jyeṣṭharājaṃ brahmaṇāṃ brahmaṇas pata ā naḥ ṣṛṇvannūtibhiḥ sīda sādanam ||
We call thee, Lord and Leader of the heavenly hosts, the wise among the wise, the famousest of all, the King supreme of prayers, O Brahmaṇaspati: hear us ...
Yes, Lord Vishnu is also said supreme God in Rig veda
Who verily alone upholds the threefold, the earth, the heaven, and all living creatures.(Rig veda book 1 hymn 154)
In this hymn he has said alone to uphold creatures and the earth and heaven.
We laud this manly power of him the Mighty One, preserver, inoffensive, bounteous and benign;(Rig veda ...
Rbhus are the Divine Artisans. Having attained to divinity by virtue of their action and knowledge, these deities work to help man to attain divinity.
I am quoting from the book RigVeda Mandala 1, R.L.Kashyap.
The RV (Rig Veda) attaches equal importance to all aspects of life; it
does not have rigid compartments of worldly life and spiritual life.
The Ribhus are the three sons of Angiras' son Sudhanvan. This chapter of the Aitareya Brahmana of the Rig Veda briefly describes their story:
[T]he Ribhus by fervor among the gods won the drinking of Soma. For them they desired to arrange it at the morning pressing; them Agni with the Vasus repelled from the morning pressing. For them they sought to ...
Yes there are many such verses addressed to different gods. Since you have mentioned it let us see a verse about Soma conferring immortality before we move on to the others. Rig Veda 8.48 mentions:
WISELY have I enjoyed the savoury viand, religious-thoughted, best to find out treasure,
The food to which all Deities and mortals, calling it meath, ...
There can be a meaning that this marriage is not a physical marriage but it symbolizes some non- materialistic meaning. This verse can be of astrological significance, here sun might have been signified as soul(atma) and moon as mind(mann) because hindu weddings are considered to be an auspicious ritiual. So it can ressemble manno-atma sangam. This can be ...
Do Gods really exist as entities with a specific appearance?
Yes they do, because that is how they are described in the Vedas. For example:
Indra has ever close to him his two bay steeds and word-yoked car,
Indra the golden, thunder-armed.
In the Vedas, the gods are described as having a particular body with particular characteristics, and doing various ...