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15

There are multiple incarnations of Vishnu which took place during previous Kali Yugas: Pramati: Just as Vishnu'e incarnation Kalki will come at the end of the present Kali Yuga and kill all the evil people, during one of the Kali Yugas of the Swayambhuva Manvantara Vishnu incarnated as a king named Pramati and killed all the evil people, as described in ...


14

First let me recount the story of Ashwatthama's curse, which is told in the Sauptika Parva of the Mahabharata. After the Mahabharata war, Ashwattama, in order to avenge the death of Duryodhana at the hands of the Pandavas, and presumably also to avenge the death of his father Drona, went into to the camp of the Pandavas at night to kill them. But the ...


13

It's because Narayana is the soul of Rudra or one may also call Rudra is the soul of Narayana. Both are true. It is explained by Krishna himself in this chapter of Shanti Parva (in the Nãrãyaniya section): He is the destroyer of Daksha's sacrifice and the tearer of Bhaga's eyes. O son of Pandu, Rudra should be known to have always Narayana for ...


13

Vyasa Bhashya of Patanjali Yoga Sutras has this verse. Vyasa Muni starts commentary on Sutra 30 of Sadhana Padha with this sentence. अहिंसासयास्तेयब्रह्मचर्यापरिग्रहा यमाः ॥ ३० ॥ (Sutra) तत्राहिंसा सर्वथा सर्वदा सर्वभूतानामनभिद्रोहः । उत्तरे च... (Commentary) ahiṃsāsayāsteyabrahmacaryāparigrahā yamāḥ ॥ 30 ॥ tatrāhiṃsā sarvathā sarvadā ...


12

As I discuss in this answer, how the Vedas originated is that from time immemorial, sages known as Dhristas have heard sacred verses directly from the gods during a state of Tapasya (deep meditation). And then in every Dwapara Yuga, a sage called the Veda Vyasa takes this set of mantras and divides into the four books we call the Vedas (or more precisely the ...


11

Shiva Purana says that Brahma, Vishnu and Rudra (Trimurti) rivaled one another and they propitiated the Supreme Lord (their father) and they got a boon of creating others at outset of various Kalpas. So, in one Kalpa, Vishnu creates Rudra and Brahma and in another Kalpa Rudra creates Brahma and Vishnu and this cycle continues. Similarly Matsya purana says ...


11

Let me discuss each of the three names separately: Ramayana: As described in this chapter of the Bala Kanda of the Ramayana, after Valmiki composed his famous epic poem (a story I discuss here), he gave it three names: Ramayana, Sitayascharitam Mahat, and Paulastya Vadha: That sage with observed sacred vows has rendered the entire epic in the name of '...


11

Yes, it is known exactly what these verses are - they are known by the illustrious name Jaya, meaning victory. The Jaya is the core part of the Mahabharata, an 8800 verse poem within the larger epic consisting of the famous conversations between Dhritarashtra and his charioteer Sanjaya about the Pandavas' victory over the Kauravas in Kurukshetra. Sanjaya ...


10

The Kauravas are biological descendants of Vyasa, but the Pandavas are not, as I'll explain below. But first, some background. Shantanu, king of Hastinapura many generations before the Pandavas and Kauravas, married the goddess Ganga and had a son named Bhishma. But then Ganga abandoned Shantanu, and Shantanu later fell in love with a woman Satyavati. ...


10

As per Mahabharata, it was Brahma who suggested Vyasa to take help of Ganehsa. Veda Vyasa had conceived the whole poem in His mind but he was in anxiety regarding how to propagate it to his disciples. Brahma seeing Vyasa's anxiety came to Him and said: I esteem thee for thy knowledge of divine mysteries, before the whole body of celebrated Munis ...


10

TL;DR: No such words were spoken by Gaṇeśa in the Mahābhārata i.e., you cannot find a reference to the original Sanskrit verse for the quote you mention in the question. The entire conversation between Vyāsa and Gaṇeśa from the very first chapter of the Mahābhārata is as follows: काव्यस्य लेखानार्थाय गणेश: स्मर्यतां मुने। सौतिरुवाच एवमाभाष्य तं ब्रह्मा...


10

The story of division of Yajurveda is mentioned in this chapter of Vishnu Purana. Once Vaiśampáyana accidentally killed his sister's child and so all his disciples to perform the expiatory penance but Yájnawalkya refused to do so. On this, Vaiśampáyana commanded him to return all his knowledge learned from him. So, Yájnawalkya ejected it from his stomach. ...


10

We believe the Great epic Mahabharatha was written by the great sage Veda Vyasa. He was the grandfather of the Pandavas and the Kauravas. He had great powers of meditation and hence lived a very long life (One of the Immortals). He lived even after all his grandchildren – the Pandavas and the Kauravas had died. अश्वत्थामा बलिव्र्यासो हनूमांश्च विभीषण:। कृप: ...


9

Yes. Vyasa saw and met Sri Krishna many times but this wasn't how Vyasa wrote Mahabharata. One such meeting happened during Brahmastra episode of Arjuna and Aswathama. Indeed, Kauravas are biological descendants of Vyasa. Vyasa with his Trikaladarshi powers analyzed Vedas and taught Puranas to his disciples. Here is what Chapter one of Adi Parva of ...


9

One has to read Vyasa's entire teachings to get an answer to this question. Hari and Isana are equivalent Well-adored by the Rishis, by Brahma, and by all the deities, that great God, the Lord of the universe, otherwise called by the name of Hari, then addressed the illustrious Isana and said these words:-He that knows thee, knows me. He that ...


9

It's because Vyasa and Jaimini were working together. Vyasa and two of his disciples, Jaimini and Kasakritsna, together composed a unified work called the Mimamsa Shastra, designed to analyze the meaning of the Vedas in all its aspects. It consisted of 20 Adhyayas or chapters: the 12 Adhyayas of Jaimini's Purva Mimamsa Sutras, analyzing the Karma Kanda of ...


9

Chapter 334, Shanti Parva of Mahabharata and 19th Chapter, book 1 of Devi Bhagavatam say Lord Shiva created "Chaya Shuka" on seeing grief of Vyasa Maharshi. Shanti Parva says As Vyasa was seated there, the auspicious god Siva, armed with Pinaka, surrounded on all sides by many deities and Gandharvas and adored by all the great Rishis came thither. ...


9

Lord Brahma had not asked Maharshi Vyasa to write Mahabharata. Maharshi Vyasa by his penance analysed all Vedas and also composed Mahabharta. But he had a doubt that by what means he can present that holy history to mankind. Seeing Vyasa in dilemma, Lord Brahma came there and suggested that Lord Ganesha can help him in writing the Epic. So Maharshi Vyasa, ...


8

Though Keshav's answer gives names of previous Vyasas, Shiva Purana gives different names for some of the previous Vyasas. Chapter 4&5 of Satarudrasamhita Section of Shiva Purana mentions that Shiva takes birth at the end of each Dvapara Yuga and lives in Kaliyuga. He will teach Yoga techniques to his four disciples and these four disciples helps people ...


8

There are several reasons why Srimad Bhagavatam is considered the foremost of all Puranas. Firstly what must be understand is the that Puranas mirror Sruti. They are called Puranas because they complete the Vedas (Puran means to complete). And just like the Vedas contain different categories of knowledge in accordance with the eligibility of different Jivas, ...


8

There is no mention of Pāṇini in Bibek Debroy's translation based on the Critical Edition of the Mahābhārata. Also, according to Subhash Kak's essay The Mahabharata and the Sindhu-Sarasvati Tradition, the older portions of the Mahābhārata epic do not follow Pāṇini's grammar. When the work itself is older than Pāṇini, how can Pāṇini be a character in it? ...


7

The verse can be found in Shanti Parva chapter 110 and verse 26: यस्मिन्यथा वर्तते यो मनुष्य: स्तस्मिंस्तथा वर्तितव्यं स धर्मः । मायाचारो मायया वर्तितव्य; साध्वाचार साधुना प्रत्युदय ।। yasmin yathā vartate yo manuṣyas; tasmiṃs tathā vartitavyaṃ sa dharmaḥ । māyācāro māyayā vartitavyaḥ; sādhvācāraḥ sādhunā pratyudeyaḥ ।। Translation from here: ...


7

Yes,the Devi Bhagavata itself states that it is the best among the 18 main Puranas.It is so stated in the first chapter of the Purana. The following is a screenshot of the page that contains the relevant verses.And here the relevant verses are the 17th,18th and the 23rd ones. Transliterations and translations of the 3 verses are as follows: Ashtaadasha ...


7

Q-2. why did he divide them further? It's explained at Sakhas now Studied!: Krsna Dvaipayana knew all the 1, 180 sakhas( recensions) of the Vedas revealed to the world by various sages. They were mingled together in one great stream. Being remarkably gifted, our ancestors could memorise all of them. For the benefit of weaker people like us, Vyasa divided ...


6

Good question. I think the answer is what you gave in the last part. Vedas must be relocated and upgraded after every 4,320,000 years. It might be that, for example many people translate Geeta according to their own understanding, like Tilak did for Geetarahasya, Dnyaneshwar for dnyaneshwari, etc. So Vedas also must be getting changed according to each ...


6

According to Matysa Purana, Lord Brahma composed Puranas for the first time. Chapter 3 Primary Creation of Matsya Purana says Before the creation of all the 'sästras, Brahmä composed the Puränas, which happen to be indestructible, full of words, auspicious and were comprised of a hundred crores of the verses. Thereafter, there emerged from the ...


6

I googled and I got this: अष्टादशपुराणानां सारं व्यासेन कीर्तितम् | परोपकार: पुण्याय पापाय परपीडनम् || हिंदी अनुवाद: कीर्तिस्वरूप अठारह पुराणों के सार के रूप में महर्षि व्यास ने सिर्फ दो बातें कहीं !! दूसरो का उपकार करने से पुण्य होता है और दुःख देने से पाप । एक प्रचलित कहावत भी है -परहित सरिस धरम नहि भाई, परपीड़ा सम नहि अधिकाई । English ...


6

Yes, they are incarnations of Vishnu. This chapter of the Srimad Bhagavatam lists 22 of the countless incarnations Vishnu has taken, and in particular it says this: In the millennium of the ṛṣis, the Personality of Godhead accepted the third empowered incarnation in the form of Devarṣi Nārada, who is a great sage among the demigods. He collected ...


6

The problem is not only with description of Parikshit but also with the narrator (of Bhagvatam) there. Because as per Mahabharata Suka had already attained Moksha long time before. This chapter of Shanti Parva of Mahabharata clearly narrates it. It also states: The Rishi, beholding these movements, understood that his son had been emancipated from all ...


6

Badarayana and Veda Vyasa are one and the same.The reason why Vyasa came to be known by the Badarayana name is explained in the following passage: In the Brahmasutra, on which there are commentaries according to the various philosophical schools, Vyasa presents in an extremely terse form the substance of the ten (principal) Upanisads. Since he dwelt ...


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