11

If Rāma could sacrifice his kingdom to Bharata, why couldn't Yudhiṣṭhira do it for Duryodhana? Because Bharata was righteous while Duryodhana was unrighteous. It can be observed from many events of life of these two. Bharata Bharata was born from the portion of Lord Vishnu who always incarnates to establish Dharma. It is mentioned in Ramayana, Bala ...


10

In Bharata dynasty (in which Yudhishthira and Duryodhana were born), it was not necessary that only the eldest son of a king will become the next king. The one who was worthy of becoming a king used to be chosen. Even king Bharata himself didn't appoint his eldest son as his successor: And Bharata begat upon his three wives nine sons in all. But none of ...


8

No, Yudhishtira did not lie in this case. And this fact is without any hidden or deep meaning. When we relate "truth" or Satya with just "information", then we can often find contradictions in the behaviours of righteous people. Dharma doesn't solely rely on correct/incorrect information. If that was the case, then all computers will become DhArmik! ...


8

No. It is not a lie. It is the choice of words and how Yudhisthira projected him here, made the difference here. First let's get to the analysis about Yudhisthira: He is said as lotus eyed He was borm on Jayeshta, second month of the year He was an expert in religion, science and administration His flag(yes Yudhisthira does have a flag on his chariot) is ...


7

Etymology of Yudhishtira = steady in war, is correct. Here, the war can be any kind of battle or struggle. Throughout the Mahabharata, Yudhishtira was known to behold the Dharma & remaining steadfast in every challenging situations. The passage you described about Yudhishtira 'wanting' to go in exile - is just part of warring frustrations. That should ...


7

Vidura is not the father of Yudhishthira. The circumstances of Yudhishtira's birth are described in this chapter of the Adi Parva of the Mahabharata: O Janamejaya, when Gandhari's conception had been a full year old, it was then that Kunti summoned the eternal god of justice to obtain offspring from him. And she offered without loss of time, sacrifices ...


7

Currently, I am answering only this part: Are there any other wives for him other than these two? According to Shrimad Bhagavatam, 9.22.30-31, Pauravi is another wife of Yudhishthira. O King, the son of Sahadeva was Śrutakarmā. Furthermore, Yudhiṣṭhira and his brothers begot other sons in other wives. Yudhiṣṭhira begot a son named Devaka through the womb ...


7

The deceit is explained by Yudhiṣṭhira in Śrimad Vyāsa Mahābhārat 3.35.3-4 (BORI) : महामायः शकुनिः पार्वतीयः सदा सभायां प्रवपन्नक्षपूगान् । अमायिनं मायया प्रत्यदेवी त्ततोऽपश्यं वृजिनं भीमसेन ॥ अक्षान्हि दृष्ट्वा शकुनेर्यथाव त्कामानुलोमानयुजो युजश्च । शक्यं नियन्तुमभविष्यदात्मा मन्युस्तु हन्ति पुरुषस्य धैर्यम् ॥ ~ Bhimasena! Shakuni, the dweller of the ...


6

The story of encounter of Yaksha and Pandava is mentioned in Mahabharata SECTION CCCX and SECTION CCCX. During the vanavas, Pandavas were wandering in forests and once they felt thirsty. Then Yudhishthira has asked to Nakula to look for the water. He found a lake and when he is going to drink water, a hidden voice has warned him that he could not drink water ...


6

Unfortunately the Mahabharata doesn't give an actual quote for Yudhisthira's statement, instead it just narrates in the third person that Yudhisthira said it. Here's what this chapter of the Drona Parva of the Mahabharata says: tam atathya bhaye magno jaye sakto yudhiṣṭhiraḥ | avyaktam abravīd rājan hataḥ kuñjara ity uta || Fearing to utter an ...


6

Yes, Yudhisthira did lie a second time. Nevertheless, here his lie was not opposed to the concept of Dharma. This is what Bhishma told Yudhishthira on this difficult issue of when a lie would assume the aspect of truth. Bhishma said, ‘To tell the truth is consistent with righteousness. There is nothing higher than truth. I shall, now, O Bharata, say ...


6

The story of Blue-Eyed Mongoose at Yudhisthira's Ashwamedha Sacrifice is told in detail in Mahabharata - Book 14-Anugita Parva -Chapter 90 . Here the Mongoose is telling us the story of how half of his body turned Golden , just by eating a tiny bit of grain which was given in charity by a kurukshetra Brahmin , but this does not happen in this sacrifice. Thus ...


6

Akritavrana is the son of the sage Shanta. He was rescued from a tiger by Parashurama, back before the major events of Parashurama's life like Kartavirya Arjuna killing Jamadagni and killing the kings of the world and all that. He has followed Parashurama ever since. Here is how this excerpt from the Brahmanda Purana describes it: As he proceeded ahead,...


6

The English translation mentioned in the question is for this Sanskrit shloka: गर्ते मत्तः परपतति परमत्तः सथाणुम ऋच्छति | जयेष्ठॊ राजन वरिष्ठॊ ऽसि नमस ते भरतर्षभ || The shloka doesn't say that Yudhishtira was elder in age to Shakuni. It just says that Yudhishtira was of a mature age at that time. Shakuni was playing on behalf of Duryodhana, it seems that ...


6

Yudhishthira never talks untruth. Hence his chariot didn't touch the ground. But after he told the untruth because of the reason that the untruth in that particular context(stopping Drona's fight in the war) is sinless and better than the truth, his chariot along with animals touched the ground. It is mentioned in the following passage of SECTION CXCI of ...


5

Yes Yudhishthira accompanied by a dog-during the ending stages of his life , While approaching swarga. It was Dharma (Yama) himself who was in the form of dog appeared before Pandavas to test them. The account is mentioned in Book 17 Chapter 3 - Mahaprasthanika Parva, Mahabharata . The dog accompanied the Pandavas during their last days was actually ...


5

Full story : Ashwamedha parva section 90 A brahmana family, following uncha-vritthi (a vow where they only collect grains of food fallen on ground, so as to not even hurt the plant while harvesting, just like a pigeon does), is suffering from starving during famine. Finally one day, they happen to get some grains. They divide it up into 4 measures, and ...


5

The question has already been answered. However a portion of the description, in the question, placed as under, needs to be put in the proper perspective, for that is not the way, how, Dronacharya put his weapons down{or collapsed on the warfield}. Especially so,for those who may not be aware of the details of the event,as given in the Mahabharata epic. ...


5

While narrating the Mahābhārata, Vaiśampāyana explains how Yudhiṣṭhira acquired the epithet Ajātaśatru. But he may have acquired it before the Rājasūya quest when his kingdom was limited to Indraprastha and its surroundings, because when you start conquering kings and their lands you will inevitably make new enemies like Jarāsandha. For Yudhishthira, that ...


5

Well as mentioned in the comments with the passing of each Yuga there is a general degradation of the morality however Kali and Dvapar have worked in cahoots before so I wouldn't discount the possibility of what you are suggesting. SECTION LVIII of the Vana Parva of Mahabharat mentions the following episode: "Vrihadaswa said, 'When the blazing guardians ...


5

The story, described in the Bhavishya Parva of the Harivamsa, is related to the aftermath of Janamejaya’s sarpa satra and him having finished listening to Vaishampayana’s narration of Mahabharata and Shri Krishna’s Leela. Janamejaya performed the horse sacrifice where Indra possessed the horse and having intercourse with the queen (actually Apsara Rambha), ...


4

The discussion between Narada and Yudhistira occurs in the Tirtha-Yatra Parva a section of Vana Parva in Mahabharata. Yudhistira asks about the merit attached to sacred pilgrimage and Narada recounts a conversation between Bhishma and Sage Pulastya. "Bhishma said, '[...] But, O thou foremost of virtuous persons, if I have deserved thy favour, I will ...


4

No. Manu Smriti itself,which existed since Krita, mentions those rules. So,it can not be that Sutaka rules emerged only after the Mahabharatha war which happened in Dwapara. The following are few relevant verses from Manu Smriti. Manu Smriti 5.83. A Brahmana shall be pure after ten days, a Kshatriya after twelve, a Vaisya after fifteen, and a Sudra is ...


4

न हि शान्तिं प्रपश्यामि पातयित्वा पितामहम् । कर्णं च पुरुषव्याघ्रं संग्रामेष्वपलायिनम् ।।12।। Peace find I none after having slain my grand-father, and that foremost of men, Karna, who never fled from the field of battle. Here what Yudhisthira mean is Karna never fled from the idea of war i.e. he never fled when battle arised. Here Karna is ...


4

The etymology seems right according to Monier-Williams dictionary. Yudhi-shṭhira, as, m. (yudhi, loc. c. + sthira), ‘firm or steady in battle,’ N. of the eldest of the five reputed sons of Pāṇḍu, (though nominally the son of Pāṇḍu, he was really the child of Pṛithā or Kuntī, Pāṇḍu's wife, by the god Dharma or Yama, whence he is often called ...


4

Did prince Yudhishthira obtain boons from yama for successful completion of-agyatvas ? Yes , Yama the Lord of justice granted boons to Yudhisthira ,when he came to test his merits in Dvaita forest , when they were spending their 12 years of exile and the that 12 year period was about to finish and the one year period of unrecognition was about to start. ...


4

As per Mahabharata: Karna Parva, Yudhishthira wanted to retire into forest leaving Mahabharata war after Arjuna insulted him: Hearing, however, those harsh words of his brother Phalguna, Pandu's son, king Yudhishthira, the just, rising up from that bed (on which he had been sitting), said these words unto Partha, with his heart filled with sorrow, "O ...


3

"Which is true?" Both theories are true. "1) He is addicted to gambling or has a weakness for gambling. i.e., he had a gambling problem." "Yudhishthira's addiction of Gambling", was referred as a pre-text in Adi Parva: Janamejaya said, ... Why also did the two other sons of Pritha (Bhima and Arjuna) and the two sons of Madri (Nakula ...


3

The prayer recited by Yudhishtira is from the beginning chapters of Virata Parva. It can be found in Chapter 6 of Virata Parva. This is famous as Yudhiṣṭira kṛta Durgā stavam or Yudhiṣṭira kṛta Durgā stotram. The prayer consists of 36 verses. This was narrated to Janamejaya by Vaishampayana. YouTube video of the same. Complete English Translation of the ...


3

How did Krishna resolve the conflict? This is mentioned in Mahabharata: Karna Parva [Krishna sais] The son of Dharma (Yudhishthira) does not deserve death. Thy vow also, O Arjuna, should be kept. Listen now to my counsels that will be agreeable to thee, to counsels in consequence of which Yudhishthira without being actually deprived of life may yet be ...


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