According to some comments on the question Are women allowed to be Hindu sanyasis/monks? Some people believe that Devdasi and Sanyasin are near synonyms, and others that they are very different.

How are Devdasi and Sanyasin different?

  • [In short] Devdasi's are dancers who dance only on Bhajans and Sanyasin are just like sages.
    – Mr_Green
    Commented Jul 5, 2014 at 17:29
  • Hi so devadasi was originally a system where young girls and women would simply conduct religious functions, however, it sadly turned into one of exploitation. The role of women and views on women in Hindu texts are diverse, some like the Brihat Samhita and Lakshmi tantra praise them, while others berate them such as the Anuhasana Parva of mahabharta. While I have no sources for this I have heard many scriptures stating treat other women you aren't married to like your mother.
    – Haridasa
    Commented Jan 1 at 0:57

3 Answers 3


In Tamil, Devdasis are called "Dev-adiyal".

Adiyal means servant.

In fact, Dasi means nurse / servant / attendant.

Dev-dasis/Dev-adiyals were basically attendants of the lord. Generally it can be understood that temples adopted and took care of poor and orphan children in the neighbouring community. These children grew up in the temple, attending to temple functions.

As time went by, rich and powerful men formed relationships with these women or abused them, slowly turning them into prostitutes, and undesirables of the society.

The word Devdasi or Devadiyal is a vulgar curse word now, used to curse at women. At one time it wasn't so; it was a term of respect.

Then it meant "Lord's Attendant". Now it sadly means "Prostitute".

Source: My knowledge of Tamil and oral historical tradition

Sanniyasis are hermits.

Saṃnyāsa in sanskrit means renunciation. From that you get a Sanniyasi - someone who threw away all worldly attachments.

Traditionally Sanniyasis retreat into forests, caves and similar secluded areas to meditate.

Source: Knowledge of Sanskrit and oral historical tradition

  • Cite some sources.
    – Pandya
    Commented Jun 20, 2018 at 1:20
  • Sources cited but please don't bring up old questions.
    – a20
    Commented Jun 20, 2018 at 3:08

Devadasi system was the one most prevalent in southern India and parts of Odisha. Devadasis were young girls who were "dedicated" to the worship of deities. They had to gain expertise in arious classical dance forms like Bharatnatyam and Odissi. They were thought to be MARRIED TO THE LORD himself. However they had various kings and influential people as their patrons. Information regarding Devadasis can be viewed at http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Devadasi.

Many researchers have called Devadasis a "cursed" community. It is because many of the devadasis have themselves confessed of being "dedicated to a life of sex work" in the name of religion. The Devadasi system continues in many parts despite being declared illegal in 1988. For details visit: http://www.theguardian.com/lifeandstyle/2011/jan/21/devadasi-india-sex-work-religion

However, sanyasinis are those women who have left GARHASTHYA to take up "sannyasa" or have proceeded to the same right after Brahmacharya without even entering into Garhasthya. Consult http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sannyasa and http://www.yogamag.net/archives/1979/gjuly79/qualsan.shtml

Unlike the devadasis, the sanyasinis maintain celibacy. They are dedicated not merely to the deity but play a role in the betterment of the society too. There has been no declaration of sannyasa being illegal till date.

  • Fact are facts regardless of source - do you have evidence that the information above is "incorrect"?
    – a20
    Commented Jun 20, 2018 at 3:05
  • Do you have any sources in scripture relating to this? Commented Dec 27, 2022 at 1:31

Devadasi are Sanyasini with specialization in Art.

If we look at both Shaiva and Vaishnava traditions, they have different forms of worship to Lord. One of them is through 64 forms of Art. These artists perform only for their God and serve the community through the temple.

In Shaiva tradition they are called "RudraKanya" and in Vaishnava tradition they are "DevaDasi". They are Sanyasinis, but specialize in Arts and temple maintenance. Additionally, they also serve the community as a teacher as well in the space of motherhood.

PS: I am not aware of if Shakta traditions have something similar

  • 1
    Welcome to Hinduism StackExchange! You should cite some sources.
    – Pandya
    Commented Jun 20, 2018 at 1:20

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