Why are main human avatars of God in the form of kings/ rulers/ princesses (lord Rama, Krishna)? Are there any "regular profession" avatars - eg teachers, householders, merchants?

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    Parshuram as Teacher, Vedvyas, कपिल मुनि Kapil avatar as etc...ajabgjab.com/2014/08/…
    – Bhavin
    Commented Nov 18, 2015 at 5:14
  • Lord Shiva will take a Yogeswara incarnation at the end of every Dwapara Yuga and teach people of Kaliyuga Yoga Techniques to liberate from cycle of birth and death. Till now He incarnated 28 times in this Mnavantara.
    – The Destroyer
    Commented Nov 18, 2015 at 17:03

1 Answer 1


The Shrimad Bhagvat Puran mentions 22 incarnations of Lord Vishnu and am sharing the list here:

  1. Kumars – four yogis who live in the form of children
  2. Varaha - non-human (boar)
  3. Narad - the famous Devarishi
  4. Nara-Narayan – twin-rishis
  5. Kapil – another rishi
  6. Dattatreya – an Avadhut and Yogi
  7. Yajna – a previous Indra
  8. Rishabh Dev – a king who turned into the first Jain Tirthankar
  9. Prithu – the king after whom earth is called Prithvi
  10. Matsya - non-human (fish)
  11. Kurma - non-human (turtle)
  12. Dhanvantari – physician & father of Ayurveda
  13. Mohini – the only female incarnation
  14. Narasimha - The man-lion
  15. Vaman - a brahmin dwarf boy
  16. Parashurama - another brahmin boy who became a kshatriya killer
  17. Shri Rama - the 'Perfect King'
  18. Ved Vyas – rishi who composed puranas, mahabharat and compiled Vedas.
  19. Balarama - brother to Krishna and a prince
  20. Krishna - the famous Yadav prince and expounder of Bhagvad Geeta
  21. Buddha - a prince who became a yogi
  22. Kalki - The future avatar who would be born to a brahmin Vishnuyash

As you can see from the above list there are only three proper kings - Prithu, Rishabh Dev & Shri Rama. You may add Krishna but Yadavs did not really have a kingdom rather they thrived as a confederacy whose leader was Ugrasen.

If you notice, the majority of non-animal avatars are non-kshatriya - Dattatreya, Narad, Dhanvantari, Nar, Narayan, Vyas, Kapil, Vaman, Parshurama, & Kalki are non rulers event though the last two do pick up arms for the benefit of the society. So based on the scriptures, the contention of a majority of Avatars being rulers does not appear to be correct.

  • Very nice compilation sir. Commented Oct 18, 2018 at 9:12

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