Nowadays people bath in personal bathrooms using soap and shampoo. The water will be water from either rivers or other means.

But in Hindu scriptures, bathing generally refers to either bath in sacred rivers or running water etc.,

So, my question is whether the current day bath procedure can be considered as the bathes mentioned in scripture?

  • 1
    "my questing is whether current day bath procedure can be considered as the bathes mentioned in scripture?" You already mentioned that we use soaps and shampoos. Are you looking for such mention or river bath equivalent to today's bath? – Sarvabhouma Nov 8 at 7:16
  • Yeah, till I read, I didn't come across such personal bathrooms. If there are any statements saying about the usage of personal bathrooms. I need such statements. – hanugm Nov 8 at 7:18
  • Please drop a comment for reason to downvote... – hanugm Nov 8 at 9:05
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    Don't worry about the downvotes that are given without specifying any reasons. I hv upvoted to negate one. And I m trying to answer this too. @hanugm – Rickross Nov 8 at 9:17
  • the ideal form of bathing is 'immersion' of head & whole body into sea/river/pond/well. also supposed to do sankalpam (resolution) before bathing, treating it like a ritual. because this is not easy in day-to-day life (it's still possible), as atonement, we are expected to bathe in sea/river/lake/pond whenever we can.. at least once in 12 years at sacred tirthas. – ram Nov 8 at 19:28

As you have already stated the scriptures recommend taking bath either in rivers or in water that is drawn out from wells.

The river water is considered pure as it is always flowing ( i.e because of the current). And, the water in the well is considered pure because it is always in touch with Bhumi (or Earth which is a Vedic deity).

From Dharma Bindu (which has quotes from various scriptures) we get lot of valuable info on Snana Vidhi:

Snaana Vidhi:

Vyasa opines: Praatah kaaletu sampraapte kritvaa chaavashyakam budhah,
Snaayaannadeeshu shuddhaasu shoucham kritvaa yadhaa vidhi/

A virtuous person would perform his morning routine and then take bath in rivers or running waters.

But in today's time it is not possible for most of us to follow such instructions. So, we have adjust with whatever we can manage to do.

The book further quotes Manu and other authorities and also gives a shortcut for compensating for not bathing in rivers. It says when we are using stored water for bath first discard seven palmfull of water from it and then bath. Then it is acceptable even by these ancient standards.

Nadeeshu Devakhaateshu Tataakeshu Sarassucha snaanam samaacharennityam gartaprasravaneshucha/

Manu says that Snaanas be taken among the water bodies like Jeeva Nadis or ever flowing rivers, divine water bodies like Pushkar and Manasarovara, and wells and deep water pits.

Puraanaanaam Narendraanaam rishinaamcha mahatmanaam,
Snaanam kupatataakeshu devataanaam samaacharet/
Bhumishthamudhrutaatpunyam tatah prasravanodakam,
Tatopi Saarasam punyam Gaangam punyantu sarvatah/

Markandeya describes that in the past there were some water bodies dug up in which Kings, Rishis ans Mahatmas bathed and performing snaana at such places are worthy indeed. Water dug up from the depths of earth is sacred and so are the water falls and of flows; reputed Sarovaras and Rivers like Ganga are highly sacred.

Yoga Yagnyavalkya prescribes that whenever one has to take bath elsewhere, then snaana be done by discarding palmful of water seven times first and then proceed. Also, wherever there is a running River of Sacredness nearby, one should prefer bathing in it rather than in any stored water!

Or else one can also invoke the presence of Ganga, the most holy river, by chanting the Sloka given in this answer.

nandinI naLinI sItA mAlatI cha mahApagA
viShNupAdAbjasaMbhUtA ga~NgA tripathagAminI
bhAgIrathI bhogavatI jAhnavI tridasheshvarI
dvAdashaitAni nAmAni yatra yatra jalAshaye
snAnodyataH smarennityaM tatra tatra vasAmyahaM ||


Manu Smriti 5.134. In order to cleanse (the organs) by which urine and faeces are ejected, earth and water must be used, as they may be required, likewise in removing the (remaining ones among) twelve impurities of the body.

Thus,in ancient times purification was attained by the use of earth/soil and water. In today's time the role that earth used to play is played by soaps etc. Also oil bath is mentioned and allowed in scriptures so there is no reason why using soap/shampoo will be bad.

Moreover, the water that we get from overhead tanks are collected from some river or the other. And, water is always pure as even the most impure substances can not sully it.

A woman is not polluted by a lover, a Brahmin by Vedic rites, water by urine and faeces and fire by the act of burning. (Vashishta Smriti 28.3)

Therefore, there is nothing to worry about.

But if we want then we can employ either of the two techniques described above - the discarding seven palmfull of water technique or the invocation of the holy rivers technique to make our bathing procedure meet the scriptural standards.

The book Dharma Bindu is available on Kamakoti.org and can be downloaded from here: https://www.kamakoti.org/kamakoti/articles/Dharma%20Bindu.pdf

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