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In the 10th Chapter of Srimad Bhagavad Gita, Sri Krishna said as follows:

पवनः पवतामस्मि रामः शस्त्रभृतामहम्।

झषाणां मकरश्चास्मि स्रोतसामस्मि जाह्नवी।।10.31।।

"Among the purifiers (or the speeders) I am the wind; Rama among the warriors am I; among the fishes I am the shark; among the streams I am the Ganga."

Now, a question arises as to which Rama was being referred to in this Sloka, was it Rama, the son of Dasaratha (or) Rama, the son of Jamadagni, as both of them preceded Sri Krishna.

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    why not balarama :). it could have been anyone, nobody knows. However here is a commentary of that verse by all the various teachers of Vedanta. Shankaracharya interprets it as Sri Sita Rama, the Son of Dasharatha, while Sri Sridhara Swami of Rudra Sampradaya interprets it to be Lord Parashurama. bhagavad-gita.us/bhagavad-gita-10-31 – Sai Oct 9 '15 at 15:39
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    Yes. It can be anyone. However, while saying that He was the greatest among all sects, he said this. So, that warrior must be greatest and popular. Except in Srimad Bhagavatam, Balarama was not extolled as greatest warrior. In Mahabharata he was mentioned as the teacher of both Bhima and Duryodhana. – srimannarayana k v Oct 9 '15 at 15:49
  • Where does he say that he is greatest among all the sects? – Keshav Srinivasan Oct 9 '15 at 16:22
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    @Sai Well, almost all the other people he mentioned were past figures, like Prahlada, Vamana, etc.; I don't think he mentions anyone currently alive on the Earth in that chapter. So I think it's more likely that it's a past figure like Rama or Parashurama. By the way, what do you mean by "Lord Krishna hardly ever talks about Him being one out of many previous incarnations." He doesn't talk about it much in the Bhagavad Gita (he's focused on philosophy), but both elsewhere in the Mahabharata and other Hindu scriptures there are countless statements by Krishna talking about past incarnations. – Keshav Srinivasan Oct 10 '15 at 1:42
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    While going through the Sundara Kanda I found the following Sloka: कुशली तव काकुत्स्थः सर्व शस्त्रभृताम् वरः | गुरोः आराधने युक्तो लक्ष्मणः च सुलक्षणः || ५-३५-७४ "Your Rama, the excellent man among all the wielders of bow, is safe......". Here, Sri Hanuma is referring Sri Rama as सर्व शस्त्रभृताम् वरः . So, in my view, it is Sri Rama, who was referrred to by Sri Krishna in the Sloka referred to in the question. – srimannarayana k v Oct 13 '15 at 14:08
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Adi Sankaracharya in his Bhagavad Gita Bhashyam says

रामः शस्त्रभृताम् अहं शस्त्राणां धारयितृृणां दाशरथी रामः अहम् ।

rāmaḥ śastrabhṛtām ahaṃ śastrāṇāṃ dhārayitṛṛṇāṃ dāśarathī rāmaḥ aham ।

Swami Dayananda Saraswati explains the Sankara's commentary to this sloka as

Among those who wield weapons, I am Rama who is an avatara of Visnu himself. The avatara in this human body of Rama had great prowess. Even with one arrow he could dry up the ocean and perform incredible feats because his arrows had extraordinary powers. Since there are other powerful avataras also named Rama, like Parasurama and Balarama, Sankara says, Dāśarathī Rāma, who was the son of Dasaratha.

So it is Lord Rama, son of Dasaratha who is referred here to.

Hope this helps you.

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ParashurAma seems the right interpretation.

BG 10.31 - Of the purifiers I am air; among the wielders of weapons I am Rama. Among fishes, too, I am the shark; I am Ganga among rivers.

This has a solid back-up in MahAbhArata's Adi Parva:

Sauti said, 'Listen, O ye Brahmanas, to the sacred descriptions I utter O ye best of men, ye deserve to hear of the place known as Samanta-panchaka. In the interval between the Treta and Dwapara Yugas, Rama (the son of Jamadagni) great among all who have borne arms, urged by impatience of wrongs, repeatedly smote the noble race of Kshatriyas.

There is a difference between "warrior" (as in Qn) & "wielder of weapons" (correct translation). "Wielder" means "[much] conversant". A person very much conversant with weapons may not win all the wars, because war requires -- tactics, swiftness, strategy -- apart from weapons.

Reasons

  1. It's believed that ParashurAma was living during Gita time, while lord RAma had already died long back. Now most of the people & entities referred in Gita's chapter 10 were existent during the discourse of Gita: i.e. Arjuna, VAsudeva, VyAsa, Indra, Kubera, Veda-s, etc.
  2. Like lord Rama, both ParashurAma & BalarAma were conversant with weapons. All 3 were referred as "RAma" at many placed.
  3. At least few commentators explicitly mention "ParashurAma" in their commentary of this verse: Sri Vishvanatha Thakur, Sri Sridhara Swami, Sri Keshava Kashmiri. Many others simply mention "RAma" without further clarification.
  4. Lord RAma was known for many other things like -- protector of Dharma, marriage with Sita, 14 years in forest, killing RAvana, later life related to Luv-Kusha, chemistry with VAli-Sugriva-Hanumana; The weapons part was a small part of his life;
  5. ParashurAma is primarily known for his hold on weapons, as he killed many of the Kshatriya-s; Moreover, he was also the Guru of other great warriors like -- Bhishma, Drona, Karna
  • You are forgetting one thing that a huge portion of Mahabharata adulting Bhargava Rama is considered later interpolation.You are also forgetting the fact that Bharghava Rama knowledge of weapon is way less than Arjuna or Indra. He didn't even know how to counter a weapon like Paraspana. The presiding deity of Paraspana was Vasu. Can you give a reference from a text that Parshurama had a knowledge of weapons like Vaisnava or Narayana? – Nayonika Vats May 1 '18 at 1:35
  • Weapon part was a small part of his life. Are you really serious? Can you name a fighter other than Rama who used all the supreme missiles like Brahmastra, Vaisnavaastra, and Raudra in war. Parshurama doesn't even seem to know Vaisnavastra or Raudra. – Nayonika Vats May 1 '18 at 1:39
  • I urge you to defend your argument (preferebly from Itihasa ). In Padma Puranas even Shatrughan had all the divine weapon . Did Parshurama have Raudra or Vaisnava weapon? – Nayonika Vats May 1 '18 at 1:42
  • @NayonikaVats, if you have some good arguments then you may post an answer with those references. Lord Rama is not known for wielding weapons but he is known about values & truthfulness. Lord Parashurama was Guru of grea Bhishma & great Drona, those were known for several weapons. The answer doesn't intend to belittle Lord Rama or Lord Parashurama. It just interprets a Gita verse. No offense plz. – iammilind May 1 '18 at 2:59
  • A distasteful argument is perceived as a bad argument for you. You don't fool me. You know the very purpose of this interpretation. You quote'' Now most of the people & entities referred in Gita's chapter 10 were existent during the discourse of Gita: i.e. Arjuna, VAsudeva, VyAsa, Indra, Kubera, Veda-s, etc'' Was Prahlada and Usanas were alive? Drona got weapon for other sources. – Nayonika Vats May 1 '18 at 5:27

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