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According to Tejaswee's Answer on What is the Vedic Origin of Lord Shiva?:

Similarly, Indra is also a manifestation of Lord Rudra. AtharvaVeda calls Rudra as slayer of Vritta which is actually Indra:

“sahasrākṣáu vr̥trahánā huveháṃ dūrégavyūtī stuvánn my ugráu |
yā́v asyéśathe dvipádo yáu cátuṣpadas táu no muñcatam áṃhasaḥ ||” (Atharvaveda 4:28:03)

The thousand-eyed slayers of Vritra both do I invoke. I go praising the two strong gods (ugrau) whose pastures extend far. Ye who rule all these two-footed and four-footed creatures [Pasupati], deliver us from grief and trouble”.

YajurVeda which states everything like fire, water, air, sun, moon, etc... gained their characteristics features because Lord Shiva manifested as Ashtamurti Rupa ie. He entered in all those 8 things as Purusha and made them active. Satapatha Brahmana of YajurVeda from 6.1.3.10 to 6.1.3.17 states:

Rudra is Agni.
Sarva is Water (Varuna).
Pasupati is Plants (Vanaspati).
Ugra is Air (Vayu).
Asani is Lightening.
Bhava is Raingod (Parjanya).
Mahadeva is Moon (Chandra/Soma/Mind).
Ishana is Sun (Surya/ Atman)

Thus, it is clear the whole world is pervaded by the forms of Lord Rudra. So as Rudra is actually Agni, Vayu, Varuna, Soma, Surya, etc.. as seen from above Shruti passage (of YajurVeda). So actually Vedic hymns to all these Gods are actually praying various forms and manifestations of Lord Rudra.

According to Rig Veda 2:33:03:

“śreṣṭho jātasya rudra śriyāsi tavastamastavasāṃ vajrabāho |
parṣi ṇaḥ pāramaṃhasaḥ svasti viśvā abhītī rapaso yuyodhi ||” (Rig Veda 2:33:03)

“In beauty thou art the most beautiful of all that exists, O Rudra, the strongest of the strong, thou wielder of the thunderbolt! Carry us happily to the other shore of our anguish, and ward off all assaults of mischief”.

Source: Glory of Lord Kameshwara- VI: Kama Sukta - India Facts

I have read about Rudra being described as vajrabaahu(holder of thunderbolt), asani (lightening or vidyut) or meghapati (master of clouds). How can this be briefly explained?

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    Good question. If see vedas then they praise each and evey diety as supreme some where it is said Agni is supreme some where vishnu is said to create agni.so the philosphy is also described also by Yaksha which describes gods as 'Itaretarahjanmanah' which means born from one other.All these Devas are characteristics of brahman only. – Karmanya Nanda Jun 10 at 10:36
  • According to vedic features of both Rudra & Indra, if they fight with each other then who will win? I want to know about it as per Vedas. – aniket kumar singh Aug 8 at 15:32
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Rig Vedic seers realised through deep meditation that the same formless Almighty God, appears to us in the form of the NATURE, which gives sustenance to all beings.

Sri Krishna said;

पिताऽहमस्य जगतो माता धाता पितामहः।

वेद्यं पवित्रमोंकार ऋक् साम यजुरेव च।।9.17।।

Of this world I am the father, mother, ordainer, (and the), grand-father; I am the knowable, the sancitifier, the syllable Om as also Rk, Sama and Yajus.


Again, the NATURE will provide land for cultivation of crops, provide material for construction of shelters for protecting ourselves, provide fire for cooking or burning something, etc, provide water and air for carrying out many activities, etc.

So the NATURE, the visible face of the invisible GOD, was understood and worshipped by the Rig Vedic seers.

In Rig Veda, the Almighty God was described in different names like Indra, Agni, Vayu, Vishnu, etc, according to the form, the Almighty's power was perceived.

This is one side of the coin,ie., one face of the God.


However, the same NATURE make us cry, fear, shout, feel ashamed, feel jealous of someone, etc.

This is another side of the God.

The seers called this form of the God as Rudra.

The seers described the God in the form of Rudra as taskaranam pataye - Lord of thieves, in Sri Rudram.

Namo nishangina ishudhimate taskaranam pataye namo |

What does the God steal from us?

The God steals, the power to think, act properly,etc, when humans indulge in indriyAs (senses). The more we get indulged in indriyAs (senses), greater will be suffering, and happiness will be lost. Thus, the epithet Rudra refers to the Almighty God, the Lord of indriyAs.

When indriyAs (senses) were brought under control and the ABSOLUTE BLISS has been attained, we will be protected from suffering. And, thus he is Indra, as the saviour. That is why he was described as wielder of the thunderbolt , on indriyAs (senses), in Rig Veda 2:33:03.

So the God is described as Rudra as well as Indra.

The vedas also describe Rudra as Sovereign of this world (RV 2.33.9)

sthirebhiraṅghaiḥ pururūpa ughro babhruḥ śukrebhiḥ pipiśehiraṇyaiḥ īśānādasya bhuvanasya bhūrerna vā u yoṣad rudrādasuryam (RV 2.33.9)

With firm limbs, multiform, the strong, the tawny adorns himself with bright gold decorations: The strength of Godhead never departs from Rudra, him who is Sovereign of this world, the mighty.

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