https://sacred-texts.com/hin/m03/m03189.htm In this section of the Mahabharata mentions how men physically change over time I am wondering if other life forms similarly change.

1 Answer 1


manuṣyāṇāṁ paśunāṁ ca pakṣiṇāṁ sthāvaraiḥ saha /
teṣāmāyurupkrāntaṁ yugadharmeṣu sarvaśaḥ //
~ Matsya Purāṇa (145.4)

As per yugadharma, there's decline in the āyus of manuṣyas, paśus, pakṣis and sthāvaras (such as vṛkṣa) [with the decline of yugas (i.e. Kṛta → Tretā → Dvāpara → Kali) in a mahāyuga].

gavāṁ ca hastināṁ caiva mahiṣasthāvarātmanām //
krameṇaitena vijñeye hyāsavṛddhī yuge yuge /
~ Matsya Purāṇa (145.11b-12a)

The go, hasti, mahiṣa, etc. and sthāvara (such as vṛkṣa), all undergo variations (hrāsa and vṛddhi) accordingly, during the different yugas.

Therefore, as stated in aforementioned ślokas of Matsya Purāṇa, yugadharma affects the life-span & sizes of not only manuṣyas, but also paśus, pakṣis, & sthāvara (such as vṛksas).

  • Lovely answer so primarily plants, buffalo, elephants, and humans.
    – Haridasa
    Feb 26 at 1:31
  • @Haridasa animals such as buffaloes, cows, elephants. It's not like buffalo, cow and elephant are the only animals, who undergo changes. And also birds too, undergo changes.
    – Bingming
    Feb 26 at 1:33
  • Very cool this has parrels to the basic theory of evolution ofc we are creationists.
    – Haridasa
    Feb 26 at 2:19
  • I am curious that Mahabharata has any verses as well.
    – Haridasa
    Feb 26 at 2:27

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