Consider the following question and answer from the Mahabharata

"The serpent said, 'O king, if thou recognise him as a Brahmana by characteristics, then, O long-lived one, the distinction of caste becometh futile as long as conduct doth not come into play.'

"Yudhishthira said, 'In human society, O mighty and highly intelligent serpent, it is difficult to ascertain one's caste, because of promiscuous intercourse among the four orders. This is my opinion. Men belonging to all orders (promiscuously) beget offspring upon women of all the orders. And of men, speech, sexual intercourse, birth and death are common. And to this the Rishis have borne testimony by using as the beginning of a sacrifice such expressions as--of what caste so ever we may be, we celebrate the sacrifice. Therefore, those that are wise have asserted that character is the chief essential requisite. The natal ceremony of a person is performed before division of the umbilical cord. His mother then acts as its Savitri and his father officiates as priest. He is considered as a Sudra as long as he is not initiated in the Vedas. Doubts having arisen on this point, O prince; of serpents, Swayambhuba Manu has declared, that the mixed castes are to be regarded as better than the (other) classes, if having gone through the ceremonies of purification, the latter do not conform to the rules of good conduct, O excellent snake! Whosoever now conforms to the rules of pure and virtuous conduct, him have I, ere now, designated as a Brahmana.' The serpent replied, 'O Yudhishthira, thou art acquainted with all that is fit to be known and having listened to thy words, how can I (now) eat up thy brother Vrikodara!"

[section 179, Tirtha-yatra Parva, Vana Parva, The Mahabharata]

Yudhishthira told that Manu himself say that mixed castes are better than other classes after going through ceremonies of purification.

I am thinking that the context is about offspring from mixed caste marriage. Is it true?

Is the word caste here refers to varna or kula or jati or other according to the original Sanskrit verse?

What are those ceremonies of purification for mixed castes told by Manu?

  • did you find it?
    – Harsh
    Aug 6, 2022 at 18:16
  • @Harsh Not exactly, but there are some sadhanas that can surely help in these cases.
    – hanugm
    Aug 6, 2022 at 18:32
  • can u tell particularly?
    – Harsh
    Aug 6, 2022 at 18:41
  • @Harsh we can chat here.
    – hanugm
    Aug 6, 2022 at 18:48


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