Questions tagged [sanskrit]

Sanskrit an ancient Indo-European language of India, in which the Hindu scriptures and classical Indian epic poems are written and from which many northern Indian (Indic) languages are derived.

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Please translate Muṇḍaka Upaniṣad 1.2.10 [closed]

Namaste. Could someone translate this: tasmād etad brahma nāma-rūpam annaṁ ca jāyate [Muṇḍaka Upaniṣad 1.2.10] , please.
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definition of ākāśa in Sanskrit. Does ākāśa mean śūnya? [closed]

I'd like to know that in Sanskrit or in Sanskrit dictionary if "ākāśa" have the meaning of "śūnya",nothing or void or zero? Some Buddhist claim that ākāśa mean śūnya. Therefore ...
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Which yuga did Panini live in?

Which Yuga did the sanskrit grammarian Panini live in according to Hindu tradition?
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Is Kuvera Rākṣasendra? Where is Rākṣasendra mentioned in the Mahābhārata? What is the source [Ann.111]?

Source: https://www.wisdomlib.org/definition/rakshasendra. It says it means Rāvaṇa (I find this unlikely), or Kuvera (which would bring about more questions, but will also answer a few). Where in the ...
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43 views

Difference between jiv, jiva, jivo [closed]

Many places in Sanskrit Slokas you see the three words - Jiv, jivo, jiva (जीव, जीवो, .. ) What does the three words mean? How does the suffix make a difference in their meaning?
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Is there any scriptural precedent for praying in the second person (using “you”)? Is this from outside Hinduism?

In modern times, when people pray, they do it overwhelmingly in the second person. In scriptures, however, the third person (or no person) is overwhelmingly the person the prayers are in, and I have ...
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1answer
66 views

What is the role of pronunciation superiority while chanting Ramraksha or Atharvashirsha?

What role does superiority in pronunciation play in case of getting benefits of chanting Ramraksha or Atharvashirsha? If some pronunciations (say 30-40%) get mispronounced due to Sanskrit language ...
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Is there any mention of practice of writings during Ramayana or Mahabharata?

Did people use to write down things in Sanskrit or Prakrit during Ramayana or Mahabharata period? Had the concept of written language been invented?
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Why are all the names of Kubera so dark?

So I was examining the names of Kubera in an attempt to answer the question, "Who is the supreme deity, Yakṣa form." Then, I realized literally all of Kubera's names have dark associations ...
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54 views

Are there any deity names that end in -us/ur or -is/ir

See this for reference: https://ubcsanskrit.ca/lesson9/nouns-as-is-us.html I've never com across any and I find it weird.
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63 views

Pure sanskrit grammatical literal meaning of “ईक्षतेर्नाशब्दम्”

ईक्षतेर्नाशब्दम् । -1/1/5 Brahma Sutra Can somebody please grammatically split this phrase into different Sanskrit words that it is composed of and give the meaning of each word either in Hindi or ...
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Is Khubja a wife of lord Krishna?

Consider the following story about Kubja(Trivakra), whose previous life is Surpanakha, from the scripture Garga Samhita. Shri Bahulashva said: What severe austerities did the maidservant Kubja ...
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Verse Describing Potential of Soul and Human Body in Sanskrit?

Is there Any song, shloka, mantra, stotra in Sanskrit, Tell Us About the Powers of our Soul, Greatness of it. Tell Us About Our Potential, Powers of this human body, the amazing abilities of soul, ...
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Raghuvamsha - Meaning of Kakapakshadhara

In Raghuvamsha Maha-kavya, chapter 11, stanza 1, why is Lord Rama referred to as Kakapakshadhara? What does it mean?
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327 views

What is the meaning of “shantam papam”

I have heard this phrase a number of times. Also have heard this in the Indian historical drama viz. Bharat Ek Khoj, wherein Dushyant wasn't able to recollect about Shakuntala, and Shakuntala claimed ...
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Can anyone share the complete pdf of bramhanda purana. i've came across many websites but it doesn't contain the full brahanda purana

Can anyone share the complete PDF of bramhanda Purana in Sanskrit or Telugu. I've came across many websites but they doesn't contain the full bramhanda Purana with Bandasura vada story.i want to read ...
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Does the word Shiva have different meanings and interpretation in different texts?

Upon reading the insightful answer What is the meaning of the word Shiva I was both enlightened as well as perplexed. In the answers, various references to different texts give different meanings to ...
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103 views

What is the authentic Nishpatthi (Etymology) of Samadhi?

According to Wikipedia, Various interpretations for the term's etymology are possible: sam, "together"; a, "toward"; stem of dadhati, "puts, places": "a putting or joining together;" sam, ...
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How to gain mental strength?

Any Mantras, Shlokas, Stotras related to gain mental strength, overcome mental disorders. Which God is related to mind, related to these mental aspects like mental strength, mind related disorders. ...
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3answers
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If Sanskrit is derived from Vedic mantras then how were the Gods communicating before?

It is said that the language sanskrit is derived from Vedas, i.e. mantras were first revealed to Rishis in deep meditation and then Sanskrit language came from it. But we also know that Sanskrit is ...
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Orthodox written form of Sanskrit character Kleem?

I'm preparing a Yantra with which one can do "inner" Tratak on Kleem during the Sadhana of Kleem. One needs to draw a triangle pointing downwards with Kleem inside of it. Now I'm not sure enough which ...
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Can anyone transliterate this text? [closed]

I got down the first part, it's Om namo Bhagavate. But the handwriting is confusing.
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52 views

Where does the Sapta dosa come from

Any ideas where this text comes from..? 1. alpa - their end results are trivial 2. asthira - they are transient and impermanent, 3. asukara - not easily obtained, they require much effort and are ...
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Types of Dukkha

What are the three types of suffering in the Vedas and their Sanskrit words? Are there any descriptions of Dukkha that you know of in the Vedic canon?
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Which one is more effective, after prayer requesting to god in Sanskrit vs in English? [duplicate]

Sanskrit is Language of Gods.. So say that, after I chant below mantra in mind.. वक्रतुण्ड महाकाय सूर्यकोटि समप्रभ । निर्विघ्नं कुरु मे देव सर्वकार्येषु सर्वदा ॥ after chanting mantra in mind, Now ...
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Is Sanskrit really a divine language or is it simply the common spoken language of the Vedic era?

If Vedas were to be "heard" in the medieval era by the sages, I am sure they might have composed it in Awadhi or some other common language, as even Tulsidas composed.
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Why shlok from Gita addresses third person instead of second?

उद्धरेदात्मनात्मानं नात्मानमवसादयेत् | आत्मैव ह्यात्मनो बन्धुरात्मैव रिपुरात्मन: || 5|| Elevate yourself through the power of your mind, and not degrade yourself, for the mind can be the friend ...
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84 views

If Rigveda is often believed to be a still mostly undeciphered text , then how come there're still translations of it openly available?

If its really as tough to translate or understand as some say because of its archaic sanskrit, then how so many people, including some foreigners have translated it in english ?
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Do ancient Devanagari / Sanskrit manuscripts avoid ligatures? [closed]

I am looking at (for example) this: In it, each individual character is isolated, as opposed to the "bar" that runs across modern Devanagari text. This got me wondering, are they not using ligatures ...
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How the Rig Veda text was formatted originally when first codified into Sanskrit

The Rig Veda has formatting like this (with the | pipe characters): को अद्य युङकते धुरि गा रतस्य शिमीवतो भामिनो दुर्ह्र्णायून | असन्निषून हर्त्स्वसो मयोभून य एषां भर्त्यां रणधत स जीवात || क ...
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1answer
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RIG VEDA Texts Question

I was listening to this beautiful video https://youtu.be/sMHeBEVnKL8 I found these parts : 1) Gananam Tva Ganapatim - from Rig Veda (2.23.1) 2) After that become : praNo devee saraswatee ...
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377 views

Identify this sanskrit mantra?

Could anyone please help me identify/translate this sanskrit mantra? I am grateful. Thank you.
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114 views

In what context is the word Bhavin(भाविन) used in Hindu scriptures? [closed]

I would like to know if the Sanskrit word Bhavin(भाविन)is mentioned in Hindu scriptures and in what context is it used?
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352 views

Why is an 'a' added at the end to names of Hindu gods and holy books? [duplicate]

Shiv became Shiva, Ram became Rama, Ved became Veda, Ramayan becomes Ramayana, Mahabharat becomes Mahabharata, and the list goes on. Why did the names change? Not just in Hindus but also in other ...
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What is dhatu roop for हासिषु [closed]

Various vedic chants contain the word हासिषु in phrases like मा मा हासिषु which translates to don't abandon me like सत्यम् मा माहासिषु which means May Truth not abandon me however I am unable to find ...
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Was the name mArIcha (मारीच), a demon in Raamayana, adopted from the word marīcikā (मरीचिका)?

marīcikā (मरीचिका) means mirage. https://www.sanskritdictionary.com/?q=mar%C4%ABcik%C4%81&iencoding=deva&lang=sans&action=Search Mirage means an unrealistic hope or wish that cannot be ...
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What is the exact scriptural meaning of Shraddha?

In chapter 4 verse 39 of Geetha, lord Krishna told that a person with Shraddha achieves gnanam. In this context what is the exact meaning of Shraddha according to scriptures?
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Is there any meaning for the name Nala?

There is a Nala in Mahabharata. Vrihadaswa said, "There was a king named Nala, the son of Virasena. And he was strong, and handsome, and well-versed in (the knowledge of) horses, and possessed ...
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sanskrit mantras and reading doubt? [closed]

i am reading a book and some sanskrit mantras in it is written as 'om namo bhagvate 2 kruna 2 avataram .' what does this 2 means.Thus that mean i have to read the word twice??
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Clay Sanskrit Library and Mahabharata

I am not fully sure whether this is the most appropriate site to ask this question. If it is not, please suggest a more proper one. I am currently learning sanskrit and have been meaning to acquire ...
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Why is the Gita called “GitA” instead of 'Gitah' or 'Gitam'?

GitA (in sanskrit language) is a feminine-gender-word. My question is : Why, instead of named 'Gitah'(masculine Gender) or Gitam (neuter gender), it is named GitA? Puranas are called 'PURANAM' by the ...
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Why are all mantras still in Sanskrit only even after the emergence of local languages? [duplicate]

If you see all marriage mantras or mantras to praise God are written only in Sanskrit, why can't those mantras be converted to local languages like hindi, telugu, tamil, malayalam etc so that everyone ...
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Did Max Müller actually distort Hindu scriptures in his translations?

This answer claims: It is also said that Müller was hired by the British East Indian Company only to distort Hindu scriptures. But did Müller actually distort Hindu scriptures? If yes, how exactly ...
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Where I can find Gita-mahatmya in original devanagari script (7 slokas in Devanagari script) from Introduction to Bhagavad-gita of Srila Prabhupada

(1) gītā-śāstram idaṁ puṇyaṁ yaḥ paṭhet prayataḥ pumān viṣṇoh padaṁ avapnoti bhaya-śokādi-varjitaḥ (2) gītādhyāyana-śīlasya prāṇayama-parasya ca naiva santi hi pāpāni pūrva-janma-...
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103 views

Where are drona and shiva used as meters, what other meters are there similarly?

I learned recently about Koorathaazhvar and Kulothunga Chola's apparent argument, although I'm not interested in the context it was used, I'm curious about the question, as what and when are these ...
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Why does Bhagavan Krishna use the phrase “other deities” in Gita (7.20)?

We all know that Srimad Bhagavad Gita is coming from the mouth of Sri Bhagavan. There is a well known difference between Bhagavan or The God and devatas or the deities. Sri Krishna is the God and not ...
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1answer
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What is the meaning of the “…vidmahe…Dhimahi…prachodayat” formula?

Here is an example I took from another post here: bhaskaraya vidmahe mahaddyutikaraya dhimahi | tanno adityyah pracodayat There are lots of variants of this formula. What is the context in which ...
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85 views

Metre(s) in Mahabharata

Are different poetic metres used in the Mahabharata? In particular, are the Bhagavad Gita and Vishnu Sahasranama in the same metre as the rest of the Mahabharata?
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What's the source of this verse (yuktiyuktaṃ vaco grāhyaṃ bālād api śukād api)?

yuktiyuktaṃ vaco grāhyaṃ bālād api śukād api yukti hīnam, vacas tyājyaṃ vṛddhād api śukād api Whatever is based on sound reasoning ought to be accepted, even if it proceeds from a ...
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1answer
159 views

What does the first stanza of the Aswhamedha sacrifice mean?

This is the first stanza of the Ashwamedha yajna in the Taittiriya Brahmana. What does it mean in English? Thanks.