Stack Exchange Network

Stack Exchange network consists of 175 Q&A communities including Stack Overflow, the largest, most trusted online community for developers to learn, share their knowledge, and build their careers.

Visit Stack Exchange

Questions tagged [sanskrit]

Sanskrit an ancient Indo-European language of India, in which the Hindu scriptures and classical Indian epic poems are written and from which many northern Indian (Indic) languages are derived.

2
votes
0answers
22 views

Clay Sanskrit Library and Mahabharata

I am not fully sure whether this is the most appropriate site to ask this question. If it is not, please suggest a more proper one. I am currently learning sanskrit and have been meaning to acquire ...
0
votes
2answers
59 views

Who is Hiranygarbha and what is the meaning of it?

Who is Hiranygarbha? Is it a name of god? If yes, to which god it refers to? What is the meaning of the word Hiranygarbha?
2
votes
1answer
89 views

Why is the Gita called “GitA” instead of 'Gitah' or 'Gitam'?

GitA (in sanskrit language) is a feminine-gender-word. My question is : Why, instead of named 'Gitah'(masculine Gender) or Gitam (neuter gender), it is named GitA? Puranas are called 'PURANAM' by the ...
0
votes
0answers
45 views

What are the sources of Shubhashitani (sanskrit sayings/proverbs)?

Shubhashitani (good sayings) are proverbs in Sanskrit that teach good morals, practices and advice. e.g. विद्या ददाति विनयं विनयाद्याति पात्रताम् । पात्रत्वाद्धनमाप्नोति धनाद्धर्मं ततः सुखम् ...
1
vote
0answers
79 views

Why are all mantras still in Sanskrit only even after the emergence of local languages? [duplicate]

If you see all marriage mantras or mantras to praise God are written only in Sanskrit, why can't those mantras be converted to local languages like hindi, telugu, tamil, malayalam etc so that everyone ...
0
votes
0answers
51 views

Where did the following name of Vishnu has been taken from?

Vishnu can be called by name श्रिहान. It is not present in Vishnu Sahasranamam. Which scripture contains the name and what is the actual meaning of it?
5
votes
1answer
212 views

Did Max Müller actually distort Hindu scriptures in his translations?

This answer claims: It is also said that Müller was hired by the British East Indian Company only to distort Hindu scriptures. But did Müller actually distort Hindu scriptures? If yes, how exactly ...
4
votes
0answers
47 views

Where I can find Gita-mahatmya in original devanagari script (7 slokas in Devanagari script) from Introduction to Bhagavad-gita of Srila Prabhupada

(1) gītā-śāstram idaṁ puṇyaṁ yaḥ paṭhet prayataḥ pumān viṣṇoh padaṁ avapnoti bhaya-śokādi-varjitaḥ (2) gītādhyāyana-śīlasya prāṇayama-parasya ca naiva santi hi pāpāni pūrva-janma-...
2
votes
1answer
64 views

Where are drona and shiva used as meters, what other meters are there similarly?

I learned recently about Koorathaazhvar and Kulothunga Chola's apparent argument, although I'm not interested in the context it was used, I'm curious about the question, as what and when are these ...
3
votes
2answers
159 views

Why does Bhagavan Krishna use the phrase “other deities” in Gita (7.20)?

We all know that Srimad Bhagavad Gita is coming from the mouth of Sri Bhagavan. There is a well known difference between Bhagavan or The God and devatas or the deities. Sri Krishna is the God and not ...
1
vote
1answer
285 views

What is the meaning of the “…vidmahe…Dhimahi…prachodayat” formula?

Here is an example I took from another post here: bhaskaraya vidmahe mahaddyutikaraya dhimahi | tanno adityyah pracodayat There are lots of variants of this formula. What is the context in which ...
1
vote
0answers
52 views

Metre(s) in Mahabharata

Are different poetic metres used in the Mahabharata? In particular, are the Bhagavad Gita and Vishnu Sahasranama in the same metre as the rest of the Mahabharata?
2
votes
0answers
55 views

What's the source of this verse (yuktiyuktaṃ vaco grāhyaṃ bālād api śukād api)?

yuktiyuktaṃ vaco grāhyaṃ bālād api śukād api yukti hīnam, vacas tyājyaṃ vṛddhād api śukād api Whatever is based on sound reasoning ought to be accepted, even if it proceeds from a ...
1
vote
1answer
87 views

What does the first stanza of the Aswhamedha sacrifice mean?

This is the first stanza of the Ashwamedha yajna in the Taittiriya Brahmana. What does it mean in English? Thanks.
2
votes
2answers
194 views

What is the significance or reason behind repeating a word in a row multiple times in a stotram?

This is about Mahisasura mardini stotram. Some words are used more than once for example, in 11th sloka it is अयि सुमनःसुमनःसुमनः सुमनःसुमनोहरकान्तियुते Ayi Sumanah-Sumanah-Sumanah Sumanah-...
2
votes
1answer
107 views

Sanskrit Names of Naivedyams [closed]

I was searching for Sanskrit names of various naivedyams offered in our rituals (in all regions and traditions) like pulihora, chakra pongali, and various fruits and juices etc. Is there any book that ...
2
votes
0answers
62 views

English translation/interpretation of text given in photo.

Yesterday I visited Maa Mahakali's temple in my city where I found this text written in Sanskrit and Urdu. Can anyone please help me translate this given text in English?
4
votes
0answers
70 views

Is Padma Purāṇa the source of this verse on Ṛṇānubandha (relationship due to one's past deeds)?

The following verse has been used in a couple of answers here and this blog post claims the verse is from the Padma Purāṇa although it doesn't mention the chapter # or the context. Definition [of ...
1
vote
2answers
1k views

gender neutral sanskrit word for “Putra” [closed]

What would be a gender-neutral Sanskrit word for "Putra"? Moreover something that can replace putra in one of the Prayers to Lord Ganesh "Banjhan ko Putra det"
6
votes
2answers
163 views

SB 5.25.12 - Does bhūgolam mean earth or the universe?

Prabhupāda translates the Sanskrit word bhūgolam in verse 5.25.12 of Bhāgavata Purāṇa as the universe. Should it be earth instead? Or does the word (bhūgolam) in this context suggest a universe with ...
5
votes
1answer
96 views

What is the source of “Vriyate iti Varnaha?”

The author of the blog post What's your Varna quotient? uses a certain definition of varṇa: The generic definition of the term 'Varna' comes from 'Vriyate Iti Varnaha' implying that one can choose ...
4
votes
2answers
122 views

What is the etymology reason for the swarupa order in the construction of the word “Sat-chit-ananda”?

Why are the swarupas of the word Satcitananda constructed in this way in relationship wit Brahman and not Ananda-chit-sat? Are the order of these swarupas like stepping stones of realization?
1
vote
1answer
144 views

Does hindu scripture discuss south india, dravida desa and languages?

Sanskrit shows no affinity to dravidian, unlike european languges even though dravidian being in its vicinity, is there any purana which discusses the differences between north-south india, or its ...
5
votes
1answer
240 views

Is Hong-Sau an ancient Sanskrit mantra?

Read an article on meditation here it says: Hong-Sau is an ancient Sanskrit mantra (a mantra is a word, syllable, or group of syllables, which can convey spiritual power when pronounced ...
2
votes
0answers
46 views

Is Sanskrit a normal Language or It is a must to know language to reach god? [duplicate]

Can Sanskrit be simply treated as a language the one which is used for communication or It is a must to know language to reach god.
5
votes
1answer
275 views

Source of Sanskrit shloka - Yadetaddhṛdayaṃ Tava Tadastu Hṛdayaṃ Mama

यदेतद्धृदयं तव तदस्तु हृदयं मम । यदिदं हृदयं मम तदस्तु हृदयं तव ॥ Transliteration: yadetaddhṛdayaṃ tava tadastu hṛdayaṃ mama yadidaṃ hṛdayaṃ mama tadastu hṛdayaṃ tava Translation by Max ...
3
votes
2answers
255 views

Linguistic connection between Rudra and Marudgaṇa

I'm wondering if the rud portion of Rudra is etymologically connected to the rut portion of Marut. My understanding is that rudra literally means "howl" or "roar" and marút means "wind," "air," or "...
0
votes
0answers
26 views

Can we tell meaning of mantras in other languages instead of Sanskrit in Homam,Sandhyavandhanam,etc? [duplicate]

Why I am asking this is because ,Sanskrit is a language ,why cant we tell the meaning of mantra in other language in ritiuals like Sandhyavandhanam,homam etc because I think god knows also other ...
4
votes
1answer
1k views

Source of the Sanskrit shloka- Om Sarva Mangala Mangalye

The sanskrit shloka given below is a prayer to Goddess Durga. Om Sarva Mmangala Mangalye Shive Sarvaartha Saadhike Sharanye Tryambake Gauri Naaraayani Namostute" Sarva Mangala Mangalye - To ...
1
vote
1answer
103 views

What is Ahalyā's birth name?

Is 'Ahalyā' the real name of Gautama's wife or is it an acquired name? At least, the Monier-Williams dictionary seems to think it's an acquired one. The word is listed as a + halyā: अ-हल्या (A-...
2
votes
0answers
558 views

What is the meaning of “san/sam” in Sanskrit? [closed]

I'm aware of traditional translations as "refined", "well-done", "perfected", "accomplished" etc. The point is that these adjectives make sense only in comparison to something else and so to fully ...
3
votes
0answers
29 views

Guidance to read and understand Hinduism [duplicate]

I have keen interest in Hinduism and I want to read all the vedas and upnishads. So I have some questions to start : Best resource to teach myself sanskrit so that I can understand vedas and ...
5
votes
1answer
146 views

Are Shiva & Vishnu etymologically connected?

It has always struck me as interesting, or perhaps odd, that the root phonemes of Shiva, [sh]+[v], are the reverse of the root phonemes of Vishnu, [v]+[sh]. Is there any accounting for this?
11
votes
4answers
3k views

What is the meaning of Narayana?

So far I have been breaking the word into nara (नर) + Ayana (आयन) = home of nara (jiva). But lately I have realized I couldn't break it this way because to make it nArAyaNa (नारायण), nAra (नार) is ...
14
votes
3answers
676 views

What is the meaning of Ramayana?

Ramayana is a sacred epic about the life of Lord Rama. Can anyone explain the meaning/etymology of the word "Ramayana?"
4
votes
1answer
84 views

A question about kāla [closed]

kāla is a sanskrit Homonym word with two completely different meanings, one being time (concept of time) another one being anything related to black color, black, dark, darkness. I was recently ...
10
votes
2answers
224 views

What is meaning of the word Mimamsa etymologically?

I am aware that Mimamsa is about philosophy and means critical reflection.But I am interested in the actual etymology of the word so please stick to that point.
2
votes
0answers
30 views

What is the difference: Tapas (तपस्) vs Yajna (यज्ञ)? [duplicate]

What's the terminology difference between Tapas-austerities and Yajna-sacrifice/perseverance? Also when to choose one over the other?
4
votes
2answers
151 views

does any scripture say worship must be in Sanskrit?

The most prominent non-Sanskrit scripture is the Tamil Divya prabandham of Southern Vaishnavites. Non-brahmin Tamils don't have a great love of Sanskrit and one can increasingly see them conduct Puja ...
6
votes
1answer
179 views

Is the language of all the four Vedas similar or is there difference in language of the four Vedas too?

I know that in sama Veda many mantras of rigveda and yajur veda are repeated so that must mean that language is similar throughout Vedas, but does the vedic Sanskrit change between rig, yajur and ...
6
votes
1answer
170 views

Is the proto-indo-european hypothesis consistent with the apaurusheyatva of vedas?

There is overwhelming evidence that sanskrit, greek, latin etc. are cognate languages and that they had all descended from a common ancestral language called proto-indo-european or PIE. It is quite ...
9
votes
2answers
212 views

Why are graves called samadhi?

Wikipedia describes samadhi as Samadhi (Sanskrit: समाधि, Hindi pronunciation: [səˈmaːd̪ʱi]), also called samāpatti, in Hinduism, Buddhism, Jainism, Sikhism and yogic schools refers to a state of ...
7
votes
3answers
783 views

What is the meaning/definition of the word Shudra?

I would like to know the meaning/definition of the word Shudra? Some 3-4 years back, in a commentary of an Upanishad I found someone explaining the word Shudra to mean the one who is always in grief (...
8
votes
1answer
253 views

Is Hanuman really 'Hanumat' in Sanskrit Ramayana?

Bibek Debroy says in his Ramayana translation, 'Hanumat is a case in point, where Hanuman seemed to be too contrary to grammatical principles'. What grammatical principle is that? Is it really ...
9
votes
2answers
269 views

Discrepancy in Valmiki Ramayana

I was browsing two sites of translation of Valmiki Ramayana, while engaging in a debate with a western-colonized feminist on Ahalya. Nevertheless, she was defeated because she didn't even have the ...
4
votes
1answer
3k views

What's the source and rest of the verse 'dhanam mūlam idaṃ jagat' (money forms root of this world)?

I was watching a Telugu movie on YouTube recently and the tagline of the movie was: dhanam mūlam idaṃ jagat (money forms root of this world) After some digging around, it seems this line is ...
8
votes
1answer
13k views

What's the meaning & relevance of LIC logo “yogakshemam vahamyaham”? [closed]

What's the philosophy of "yogakshemam vahamyaham" & how is it relevant to LIC (Life Insurance Corporation of India)? अनन्याश्चिन्तयन्तो मां ये जना: पर्युपासते | तेषां नित्याभियुक्तानां यो...
1
vote
0answers
29 views

Why some sentences written in Sanskrita are called Mantra (Powerful)? [duplicate]

Can a normal sentence be powerful ? Why/how a Mantra have power ? Is there any proof ?
7
votes
1answer
170 views

What are the etymologies and literal meanings of the words (kṣatriya, śūdra, etc.) used to indicate one's varṇa?

For brāhmaṇa, there is already a question here: What is the etymology of brahman/brahmin? For śūdra, Monier Williams says "of doubtful derivation". Apte says: शूद्रः [शुच्-रक् पृषो˚ चस्य दः दी...
6
votes
3answers
237 views

Is the etymology of the name Yudhishthira correct?

As we know, the eldest of the Pandavas is Yudhishthira (IAST : Yudhiṣṭhira and Devanagari: युधिष्ठिर). It is said that he got his name due to his steadiness in war. This is also a famous one. From ...