Questions tagged [sanskrit]

Sanskrit an ancient Indo-European language of India, in which the Hindu scriptures and classical Indian epic poems are written and from which many northern Indian (Indic) languages are derived.

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47 views

What are the purification rites for mixed castes mentioned by Manu?

Consider the following question and answer from the Mahabharata "The serpent said, 'O king, if thou recognise him as a Brahmana by characteristics, then, O long-lived one, the distinction of ...
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Meaning of “Yaa” in Rudram first Anuvaka, second verse

This the second verse of Sri Rudram yAta ishus-shivatama shivam babhUva te dhanuH / shivA sharavyA yA tava tayA no rudra mRRiDaya // The first word in the first line can be divided into या | ते | ...
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Who are some ancient Singers of Sanskrit in the past?

Sanskrit is a phonetically active language that vibrates brain and heart and makes the environment positive. Could you suggest a few Sanskrit singers of ancient India whom one may listen to? Thanks!
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Are there any epigraphical sources of our Sanskrit scriptures?

Sanskrit is the oldest language in the world. Are there any epigraphical sources of our scriptures, such as the Bhagavatam, the Bhagavad Gita and the Vedas?
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Who is it possible that gita is written in classical sanskrit and not in vedic sanskrit?

The Baudhāyana sūtras are a group of Vedic Sanskrit texts which cover dharma, daily ritual, mathematics, etc. They belong to the Taittiriya branch of the Krishna Yajurveda school and are among the ...
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Why do people divide the great Sanskrit language into Vedic Sanskrit and Classical sanskrit?

Is the language of Vedic era Sanskrit, different from the Classical era Sanskrit? I have heard, read and listened at almost all the forums regarding this prevalence of difference. Some of the people ...
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1answer
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Is it Dhruva padam or Dhruta padam in Dhyanam before Rudram?

I've seen two versions of dhyanam before Rudram (Namakam). āpātāḷa-nabhaḥsthalānta-bhuvana-brahmāṇḍa-māvisphurat- jyotiḥ sphāṭika-liṅga-mauḷi-vilasat-pūrṇendu-vāntāmṛtaiḥ | astokāpluta-meka-mīśa-...
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1answer
49 views

Sanskrit's correct reading details

I am sorry for maybe so basic question, but I do not have alive teacher to consult. My question is if this र reads as "ra", then this रा, reads as "rā", and if this म reads as &...
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What is the meaning of “bhīma-karmā vṛkodaraḥ” in Gita 1.15?

In Gita 1.15 Bhīma is called "bhīma-karmā vṛkodaraḥ", or something along the lines of "tremendous-deeds wolf-bellied". Are there any particular stories about Bhima's tremendous ...
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What is this special character? [closed]

In some youtube sites I can find this word in Sanskrit: नॉनस्टॉप, which reads as "nonstop", but when I learned to read Sanskrit, the teacher (I got couple of them) did not mention the second ...
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What is the meaning of “abhyahanyanta” in Gita 1.13?

Here's sloka 1.13 of the Gita: tatah sankhas ca bheryas ca panavanaka-gomukhah sahasaivabhyahanyanta sa sabdas tumulo 'bhavat Gita as it is translates it thus: After that, the conchshells, bugles, ...
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Historically, did the sanskrit varnamala contain two 'la' vyanjan varnas?

Historically, did the sanskrit varnamala contain two 'la' vyanjan varnas? It seems there was one in the 'ya' varga and another one in the 'sha' varga. Current texts on sanskrit or hindi grammar and ...
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Pronunciation of diphthongs ऐ and औ in sanskrit

I've just started studying Sanskrit with Charles Wikners 'A Practical Sanskrit Introductory' and have questions on the pronunciation of ऐ and औ. For the ऐ he writes: The ai sound arises when e is ...
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In Lingashtakam, does “Sanchit Paap” refer to “Sanchita Karma” or are these two separate concepts?

In this verse of Lingashtakam, कुङ्कुमचन्दनलेपितलिङ्गं पङ्कजहारसुशोभितलिङ्गम् । सञ्चितपापविनाशनलिङ्गं तत् प्रणमामि सदाशिवलिङ्गम् ॥५॥ What does "Sanchita Paap" refer to? Is it the same as ...
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Does Shankara's Advaita Vedanta really assume the world to be an illusion?

In popular media and layman books, it is assumed that Vedanta states that the world is an illusion and Brahman alone is the reality. However, I think this position has been made popular by the British ...
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Does the Bhagavata Purana ignore Sanskrit grammar?

The Bhagavata Purana is one of the most celebrated Puranas in the Indian tradition, with extensive commentaries from various Acharyas across the centuries. Being a popular scripture, it has inspired ...
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1answer
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What is the right English word that can explain “ Dharma” [closed]

I'm currently working on a spiritual book. I want to know the exact replacement for the word 'dharma'. I know dharma refers to righteous Order. But I just can't find the exact feel of dharma in any ...
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Who composed Chandrashekara Ashtakam? And what is its accurate verbatim meaning?

I want to know who composed this ashtakam and where to find its precise meaning. Not a mere latu sensu translation but a verbatim one with genuine original Sanskrit even polysemic restrictively ...
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Interpolations in puranas according to Bhusunda

There is a great conversation between Bhusunda and Vasistha in the scripture Yoga Vasistha. In that conversation, there is a verse about Puranas, which has been told by Bhusunda. The verse is as ...
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Please translate Muṇḍaka Upaniṣad 1.2.10 [closed]

Namaste. Could someone translate this: tasmād etad brahma nāma-rūpam annaṁ ca jāyate [Muṇḍaka Upaniṣad 1.2.10] , please.
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definition of ākāśa in Sanskrit. Does ākāśa mean śūnya? [closed]

I'd like to know that in Sanskrit or in Sanskrit dictionary if "ākāśa" have the meaning of "śūnya",nothing or void or zero? Some Buddhist claim that ākāśa mean śūnya. Therefore ...
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Which yuga did Panini live in?

Which Yuga did the sanskrit grammarian Panini live in according to Hindu tradition?
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Is Kuvera Rākṣasendra? Where is Rākṣasendra mentioned in the Mahābhārata? What is the source [Ann.111]?

Source: https://www.wisdomlib.org/definition/rakshasendra. It says it means Rāvaṇa (I find this unlikely), or Kuvera (which would bring about more questions, but will also answer a few). Where in the ...
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Difference between jiv, jiva, jivo [closed]

Many places in Sanskrit Slokas you see the three words - Jiv, jivo, jiva (जीव, जीवो, .. ) What does the three words mean? How does the suffix make a difference in their meaning?
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Is there any scriptural precedent for praying in the second person (using “you”)? Is this from outside Hinduism?

In modern times, when people pray, they do it overwhelmingly in the second person. In scriptures, however, the third person (or no person) is overwhelmingly the person the prayers are in, and I have ...
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1answer
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What is the role of pronunciation superiority while chanting Ramraksha or Atharvashirsha?

What role does superiority in pronunciation play in case of getting benefits of chanting Ramraksha or Atharvashirsha? If some pronunciations (say 30-40%) get mispronounced due to Sanskrit language ...
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Is there any mention of practice of writings during Ramayana or Mahabharata?

Did people use to write down things in Sanskrit or Prakrit during Ramayana or Mahabharata period? Had the concept of written language been invented?
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Why are all the names of Kubera so dark?

So I was examining the names of Kubera in an attempt to answer the question, "Who is the supreme deity, Yakṣa form." Then, I realized literally all of Kubera's names have dark associations ...
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1answer
56 views

Are there any deity names that end in -us/ur or -is/ir

See this for reference: https://ubcsanskrit.ca/lesson9/nouns-as-is-us.html I've never com across any and I find it weird.
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Pure sanskrit grammatical literal meaning of “ईक्षतेर्नाशब्दम्”

ईक्षतेर्नाशब्दम् । -1/1/5 Brahma Sutra Can somebody please grammatically split this phrase into different Sanskrit words that it is composed of and give the meaning of each word either in Hindi or ...
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Is Khubja a wife of lord Krishna?

Consider the following story about Kubja(Trivakra), whose previous life is Surpanakha, from the scripture Garga Samhita. Shri Bahulashva said: What severe austerities did the maidservant Kubja ...
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Verse Describing Potential of Soul and Human Body in Sanskrit?

Is there Any song, shloka, mantra, stotra in Sanskrit, Tell Us About the Powers of our Soul, Greatness of it. Tell Us About Our Potential, Powers of this human body, the amazing abilities of soul, ...
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Raghuvamsha - Meaning of Kakapakshadhara

In Raghuvamsha Maha-kavya, chapter 11, stanza 1, why is Lord Rama referred to as Kakapakshadhara? What does it mean?
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What is the meaning of “shantam papam”

I have heard this phrase a number of times. Also have heard this in the Indian historical drama viz. Bharat Ek Khoj, wherein Dushyant wasn't able to recollect about Shakuntala, and Shakuntala claimed ...
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Can anyone share the complete pdf of bramhanda purana. i've came across many websites but it doesn't contain the full brahanda purana

Can anyone share the complete PDF of bramhanda Purana in Sanskrit or Telugu. I've came across many websites but they doesn't contain the full bramhanda Purana with Bandasura vada story.i want to read ...
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Does the word Shiva have different meanings and interpretation in different texts?

Upon reading the insightful answer What is the meaning of the word Shiva I was both enlightened as well as perplexed. In the answers, various references to different texts give different meanings to ...
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What is the authentic Nishpatthi (Etymology) of Samadhi?

According to Wikipedia, Various interpretations for the term's etymology are possible: sam, "together"; a, "toward"; stem of dadhati, "puts, places": "a putting or joining together;" sam, ...
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How to gain mental strength?

Any Mantras, Shlokas, Stotras related to gain mental strength, overcome mental disorders. Which God is related to mind, related to these mental aspects like mental strength, mind related disorders. ...
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If Sanskrit is derived from Vedic mantras then how were the Gods communicating before?

It is said that the language sanskrit is derived from Vedas, i.e. mantras were first revealed to Rishis in deep meditation and then Sanskrit language came from it. But we also know that Sanskrit is ...
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Orthodox written form of Sanskrit character Kleem?

I'm preparing a Yantra with which one can do "inner" Tratak on Kleem during the Sadhana of Kleem. One needs to draw a triangle pointing downwards with Kleem inside of it. Now I'm not sure enough which ...
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Can anyone transliterate this text? [closed]

I got down the first part, it's Om namo Bhagavate. But the handwriting is confusing.
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633 views

Types of Dukkha

What are the three types of suffering in the Vedas and their Sanskrit words? Are there any descriptions of Dukkha that you know of in the Vedic canon?
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Which one is more effective, after prayer requesting to god in Sanskrit vs in English? [duplicate]

Sanskrit is Language of Gods.. So say that, after I chant below mantra in mind.. वक्रतुण्ड महाकाय सूर्यकोटि समप्रभ । निर्विघ्नं कुरु मे देव सर्वकार्येषु सर्वदा ॥ after chanting mantra in mind, Now ...
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Is Sanskrit really a divine language or is it simply the common spoken language of the Vedic era?

If Vedas were to be "heard" in the medieval era by the sages, I am sure they might have composed it in Awadhi or some other common language, as even Tulsidas composed.
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Why shlok from Gita addresses third person instead of second?

उद्धरेदात्मनात्मानं नात्मानमवसादयेत् | आत्मैव ह्यात्मनो बन्धुरात्मैव रिपुरात्मन: || 5|| Elevate yourself through the power of your mind, and not degrade yourself, for the mind can be the friend ...
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If Rigveda is often believed to be a still mostly undeciphered text , then how come there're still translations of it openly available?

If its really as tough to translate or understand as some say because of its archaic sanskrit, then how so many people, including some foreigners have translated it in english ?
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Do ancient Devanagari / Sanskrit manuscripts avoid ligatures? [closed]

I am looking at (for example) this: In it, each individual character is isolated, as opposed to the "bar" that runs across modern Devanagari text. This got me wondering, are they not using ligatures ...
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How the Rig Veda text was formatted originally when first codified into Sanskrit

The Rig Veda has formatting like this (with the | pipe characters): को अद्य युङकते धुरि गा रतस्य शिमीवतो भामिनो दुर्ह्र्णायून | असन्निषून हर्त्स्वसो मयोभून य एषां भर्त्यां रणधत स जीवात || क ...
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RIG VEDA Texts Question

I was listening to this beautiful video https://youtu.be/sMHeBEVnKL8 I found these parts : 1) Gananam Tva Ganapatim - from Rig Veda (2.23.1) 2) After that become : praNo devee saraswatee ...
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388 views

Identify this sanskrit mantra?

Could anyone please help me identify/translate this sanskrit mantra? I am grateful. Thank you.