Questions tagged [sanskrit]

Sanskrit an ancient Indo-European language of India, in which the Hindu scriptures and classical Indian epic poems are written and from which many northern Indian (Indic) languages are derived.

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5
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1answer
114 views

Is Sanskrit really a divine language , or is it simply a common spoken language of vedic era thousands of years back?

If vedas were to be "heard" in the medieval era by the sages, I am sure they might have composed it in Awadhi or some other common language , as even tulsidas composed
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102 views

Why shlok from Gita addresses third person instead of second?

उद्धरेदात्मनात्मानं नात्मानमवसादयेत् | आत्मैव ह्यात्मनो बन्धुरात्मैव रिपुरात्मन: || 5|| Elevate yourself through the power of your mind, and not degrade yourself, for the mind can be the friend ...
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1answer
62 views

If Rigveda is often believed to be a still mostly undeciphered text , then how come there're still translations of it openly available?

If its really as tough to translate or understand as some say because of its archaic sanskrit, then how so many people, including some foreigners have translated it in english ?
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Do ancient Devanagari / Sanskrit manuscripts avoid ligatures? [closed]

I am looking at (for example) this: In it, each individual character is isolated, as opposed to the "bar" that runs across modern Devanagari text. This got me wondering, are they not using ligatures ...
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How the Rig Veda text was formatted originally when first codified into Sanskrit

The Rig Veda has formatting like this (with the | pipe characters): को अद्य युङकते धुरि गा रतस्य शिमीवतो भामिनो दुर्ह्र्णायून | असन्निषून हर्त्स्वसो मयोभून य एषां भर्त्यां रणधत स जीवात || क ...
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1answer
74 views

RIG VEDA Texts Question

I was listening to this beautiful video https://youtu.be/sMHeBEVnKL8 I found these parts : 1) Gananam Tva Ganapatim - from Rig Veda (2.23.1) 2) After that become : praNo devee saraswatee ...
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1answer
341 views

Identify this sanskrit mantra?

Could anyone please help me identify/translate this sanskrit mantra? I am grateful. Thank you.
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100 views

In what context is the word Bhavin(भाविन) used in Hindu scriptures? [closed]

I would like to know if the Sanskrit word Bhavin(भाविन)is mentioned in Hindu scriptures and in what context is it used?
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1answer
104 views

Why is an 'a' added at the end to names of Hindu gods and holy books? [duplicate]

Shiv became Shiva, Ram became Rama, Ved became Veda, Ramayan becomes Ramayana, Mahabharat becomes Mahabharata, and the list goes on. Why did the names change? Not just in Hindus but also in other ...
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What is dhatu roop for हासिषु [closed]

Various vedic chants contain the word हासिषु in phrases like मा मा हासिषु which translates to don't abandon me like सत्यम् मा माहासिषु which means May Truth not abandon me however I am unable to find ...
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Was the name mArIcha (मारीच), a demon in Raamayana, adopted from the word marīcikā (मरीचिका)?

marīcikā (मरीचिका) means mirage. https://www.sanskritdictionary.com/?q=mar%C4%ABcik%C4%81&iencoding=deva&lang=sans&action=Search Mirage means an unrealistic hope or wish that cannot be ...
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1answer
76 views

What is the exact scriptural meaning of Shraddha?

In chapter 4 verse 39 of Geetha, lord Krishna told that a person with Shraddha achieves gnanam. In this context what is the exact meaning of Shraddha according to scriptures?
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61 views

Is there any meaning for the name Nala?

There is a Nala in Mahabharata. Vrihadaswa said, "There was a king named Nala, the son of Virasena. And he was strong, and handsome, and well-versed in (the knowledge of) horses, and possessed ...
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1answer
79 views

sanskrit mantras and reading doubt? [closed]

i am reading a book and some sanskrit mantras in it is written as 'om namo bhagvate 2 kruna 2 avataram .' what does this 2 means.Thus that mean i have to read the word twice??
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Clay Sanskrit Library and Mahabharata

I am not fully sure whether this is the most appropriate site to ask this question. If it is not, please suggest a more proper one. I am currently learning sanskrit and have been meaning to acquire ...
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1answer
104 views

Why is the Gita called “GitA” instead of 'Gitah' or 'Gitam'?

GitA (in sanskrit language) is a feminine-gender-word. My question is : Why, instead of named 'Gitah'(masculine Gender) or Gitam (neuter gender), it is named GitA? Puranas are called 'PURANAM' by the ...
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Why are all mantras still in Sanskrit only even after the emergence of local languages? [duplicate]

If you see all marriage mantras or mantras to praise God are written only in Sanskrit, why can't those mantras be converted to local languages like hindi, telugu, tamil, malayalam etc so that everyone ...
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1answer
312 views

Did Max Müller actually distort Hindu scriptures in his translations?

This answer claims: It is also said that Müller was hired by the British East Indian Company only to distort Hindu scriptures. But did Müller actually distort Hindu scriptures? If yes, how exactly ...
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Where I can find Gita-mahatmya in original devanagari script (7 slokas in Devanagari script) from Introduction to Bhagavad-gita of Srila Prabhupada

(1) gītā-śāstram idaṁ puṇyaṁ yaḥ paṭhet prayataḥ pumān viṣṇoh padaṁ avapnoti bhaya-śokādi-varjitaḥ (2) gītādhyāyana-śīlasya prāṇayama-parasya ca naiva santi hi pāpāni pūrva-janma-...
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1answer
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Where are drona and shiva used as meters, what other meters are there similarly?

I learned recently about Koorathaazhvar and Kulothunga Chola's apparent argument, although I'm not interested in the context it was used, I'm curious about the question, as what and when are these ...
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3answers
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Why does Bhagavan Krishna use the phrase “other deities” in Gita (7.20)?

We all know that Srimad Bhagavad Gita is coming from the mouth of Sri Bhagavan. There is a well known difference between Bhagavan or The God and devatas or the deities. Sri Krishna is the God and not ...
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1answer
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What is the meaning of the “…vidmahe…Dhimahi…prachodayat” formula?

Here is an example I took from another post here: bhaskaraya vidmahe mahaddyutikaraya dhimahi | tanno adityyah pracodayat There are lots of variants of this formula. What is the context in which ...
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Metre(s) in Mahabharata

Are different poetic metres used in the Mahabharata? In particular, are the Bhagavad Gita and Vishnu Sahasranama in the same metre as the rest of the Mahabharata?
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What's the source of this verse (yuktiyuktaṃ vaco grāhyaṃ bālād api śukād api)?

yuktiyuktaṃ vaco grāhyaṃ bālād api śukād api yukti hīnam, vacas tyājyaṃ vṛddhād api śukād api Whatever is based on sound reasoning ought to be accepted, even if it proceeds from a ...
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1answer
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What does the first stanza of the Aswhamedha sacrifice mean?

This is the first stanza of the Ashwamedha yajna in the Taittiriya Brahmana. What does it mean in English? Thanks.
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What is the significance or reason behind repeating a word in a row multiple times in a stotram?

This is about Mahisasura mardini stotram. Some words are used more than once for example, in 11th sloka it is अयि सुमनःसुमनःसुमनः सुमनःसुमनोहरकान्तियुते Ayi Sumanah-Sumanah-Sumanah Sumanah-...
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1answer
142 views

Sanskrit Names of Naivedyams [closed]

I was searching for Sanskrit names of various naivedyams offered in our rituals (in all regions and traditions) like pulihora, chakra pongali, and various fruits and juices etc. Is there any book that ...
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English translation/interpretation of text given in photo.

Yesterday I visited Maa Mahakali's temple in my city where I found this text written in Sanskrit and Urdu. Can anyone please help me translate this given text in English?
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Is Padma Purāṇa the source of this verse on Ṛṇānubandha (relationship due to one's past deeds)?

The following verse has been used in a couple of answers here and this blog post claims the verse is from the Padma Purāṇa although it doesn't mention the chapter # or the context. Definition [of ...
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2answers
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gender neutral sanskrit word for “Putra” [closed]

What would be a gender-neutral Sanskrit word for "Putra"? Moreover something that can replace putra in one of the Prayers to Lord Ganesh "Banjhan ko Putra det"
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SB 5.25.12 - Does bhūgolam mean earth or the universe?

Prabhupāda translates the Sanskrit word bhūgolam in verse 5.25.12 of Bhāgavata Purāṇa as the universe. Should it be earth instead? Or does the word (bhūgolam) in this context suggest a universe with ...
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1answer
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What is the source of “Vriyate iti Varnaha?”

The author of the blog post What's your Varna quotient? uses a certain definition of varṇa: The generic definition of the term 'Varna' comes from 'Vriyate Iti Varnaha' implying that one can choose ...
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What is the etymology reason for the swarupa order in the construction of the word “Sat-chit-ananda”?

Why are the swarupas of the word Satcitananda constructed in this way in relationship wit Brahman and not Ananda-chit-sat? Are the order of these swarupas like stepping stones of realization?
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1answer
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Does hindu scripture discuss south india, dravida desa and languages?

Sanskrit shows no affinity to dravidian, unlike european languges even though dravidian being in its vicinity, is there any purana which discusses the differences between north-south india, or its ...
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Is Hong-Sau an ancient Sanskrit mantra?

Read an article on meditation here it says: Hong-Sau is an ancient Sanskrit mantra (a mantra is a word, syllable, or group of syllables, which can convey spiritual power when pronounced ...
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Is Sanskrit a normal Language or It is a must to know language to reach god? [duplicate]

Can Sanskrit be simply treated as a language the one which is used for communication or It is a must to know language to reach god.
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1answer
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Source of Sanskrit shloka - Yadetaddhṛdayaṃ Tava Tadastu Hṛdayaṃ Mama

यदेतद्धृदयं तव तदस्तु हृदयं मम । यदिदं हृदयं मम तदस्तु हृदयं तव ॥ Transliteration: yadetaddhṛdayaṃ tava tadastu hṛdayaṃ mama yadidaṃ hṛdayaṃ mama tadastu hṛdayaṃ tava Translation by Max ...
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2answers
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Linguistic connection between Rudra and Marudgaṇa

I'm wondering if the rud portion of Rudra is etymologically connected to the rut portion of Marut. My understanding is that rudra literally means "howl" or "roar" and marút means "wind," "air," or "...
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Can we tell meaning of mantras in other languages instead of Sanskrit in Homam,Sandhyavandhanam,etc? [duplicate]

Why I am asking this is because ,Sanskrit is a language ,why cant we tell the meaning of mantra in other language in ritiuals like Sandhyavandhanam,homam etc because I think god knows also other ...
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1answer
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Source of the Sanskrit shloka- Om Sarva Mangala Mangalye

The sanskrit shloka given below is a prayer to Goddess Durga. Om Sarva Mmangala Mangalye Shive Sarvaartha Saadhike Sharanye Tryambake Gauri Naaraayani Namostute" Sarva Mangala Mangalye - To ...
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1answer
115 views

What is Ahalyā's birth name?

Is 'Ahalyā' the real name of Gautama's wife or is it an acquired name? At least, the Monier-Williams dictionary seems to think it's an acquired one. The word is listed as a + halyā: अ-हल्या (A-...
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959 views

What is the meaning of “san/sam” in Sanskrit? [closed]

I'm aware of traditional translations as "refined", "well-done", "perfected", "accomplished" etc. The point is that these adjectives make sense only in comparison to something else and so to fully ...
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Guidance to read and understand Hinduism [duplicate]

I have keen interest in Hinduism and I want to read all the vedas and upnishads. So I have some questions to start : Best resource to teach myself sanskrit so that I can understand vedas and ...
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1answer
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Are Shiva & Vishnu etymologically connected?

It has always struck me as interesting, or perhaps odd, that the root phonemes of Shiva, [sh]+[v], are the reverse of the root phonemes of Vishnu, [v]+[sh]. Is there any accounting for this?
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What is the meaning of Narayana?

So far I have been breaking the word into nara (नर) + Ayana (आयन) = home of nara (jiva). But lately I have realized I couldn't break it this way because to make it nArAyaNa (नारायण), nAra (नार) is ...
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3answers
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What is the meaning of Ramayana?

Ramayana is a sacred epic about the life of Lord Rama. Can anyone explain the meaning/etymology of the word "Ramayana?"
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1answer
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A question about kāla [closed]

kāla is a sanskrit Homonym word with two completely different meanings, one being time (concept of time) another one being anything related to black color, black, dark, darkness. I was recently ...
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2answers
265 views

What is meaning of the word Mimamsa etymologically?

I am aware that Mimamsa is about philosophy and means critical reflection.But I am interested in the actual etymology of the word so please stick to that point.
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0answers
33 views

What is the difference: Tapas (तपस्) vs Yajna (यज्ञ)? [duplicate]

What's the terminology difference between Tapas-austerities and Yajna-sacrifice/perseverance? Also when to choose one over the other?
4
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2answers
163 views

does any scripture say worship must be in Sanskrit?

The most prominent non-Sanskrit scripture is the Tamil Divya prabandham of Southern Vaishnavites. Non-brahmin Tamils don't have a great love of Sanskrit and one can increasingly see them conduct Puja ...