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Questions tagged [terminology]

For questions about terms and jargon used in Hinduism.

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51 views

Is there a concept like the concept of Logos in Hinduism?

In western Philosophy, Jewish mysticism and Christianity there's an important concept, that is the concept of Logos. This concept is important in theology, cosmology and creation of the world. Is ...
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44 views

What is meant by the term Nirukta?

I would like to understand what exactly is 'Nirukta'? What is it's origin? Does it have any association with sanskrit language? Please do cite authentic references.
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142 views

What does the term Āstika-Nāstika mean- as such - without any connection with one particular faith?

There are different shades of interpretation of the terms Āstika-Nāstika. Most of the answers on this forum relate to the interpretations that are propounded by some vested groups to denigrate other ...
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58 views

Meaning of Ghataka Shruti

Advaita follows Abheda Shruti, Dvaita Bheda Shruti. Vishishtadvaita follows Ghataka Shruti. Abheda Shruti means passages from Shruti literature which talk about non-difference. Bheda Shruti means ...
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42 views

Who is Vetala and which scripture contains it?

A vetala (Sanskrit: वेताल vetāla) is a revenant in Hindu mythology, usually defined as an evil spirit that has taken possession of a corpse at charnel grounds. Do Hindu scriptures contains this term?...
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119 views

What actually transfers during rebirth?

Consider the concept of rebirth in Hinduism. Is there any established definition for rebirth in Hinduism? Hinduism supports the idea of rebirth. As per my understanding, in general, the following ...
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206 views

What is the meaning of upasana?

I heard many times the word Upasana. Upasana is used as suffix to the names of god or goddesses. For example: Sri Vidya upasana, Siva upasana etc., What is the meaning for the term upasana?
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63 views

Is Jnana means knowledge alone or knowledge by experience in Hinduism?

We come across the word Jnana several times in Hinduism. In general, Jnana stands for knowledge. But there are several types of knowledge. Knowledge of a human may come from books, experience etc., ...
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63 views

What is meant by bhaya(fear) yogi?

What is meant by bhaya yogi? And is the term bhaya yogi anywhere mentioned in scriptures?
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1answer
104 views

What is the difference between a stotra, stava, stuti, sukta and mantra?

What is the difference between a stotra, stava, stuti, sukta and mantra? Please give examples of each to explain. Would be helpful if any references can be quoted from scriptures.
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362 views

Mythology vs itihasa?

What is the more appropriate English word to be used when we talk about Ramayana, Mahabharata, or puranas and other scriptures? The use of the word "mythology" is quite common but I hear that "...
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77 views

What is the exact scriptural meaning of Shraddha?

In chapter 4 verse 39 of Geetha, lord Krishna told that a person with Shraddha achieves gnanam. In this context what is the exact meaning of Shraddha according to scriptures?
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106 views

What is the meaning of mahavakya and how was/is it used?

What is the meaning of mahavakya? What was/is it used for, I mean what is its importance? What does mahavakya convey? This is not specifically with respect to Advaita Vedanta, but in general whichever ...
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227 views

What is the difference between Avadhuta and Jivanmukta?

What is the main difference between Avadhuta and Jivanmukta?
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Alternative to “rest in peace” (RIP)

What should be said on the death of a Hindu, instead of RIP? I am given to understand that religions like Christianity and Islam use the phrase RIP in relation to a dead person, so that he/she ...
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1answer
105 views

Who are the Samaneans?

St. Jerome, in his Against Jovinianus bk. 2 (393 A.D.) c. 14, divides the Gymnosophists of India [into two classes,] the one [of which is] called Brahmans, the other Samaneans [Samanæos], who are ...
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326 views

What is implied by the word 'Desika'

As titles of some Acharyas, the word 'Desika' or 'Desikan' are used.What is the meaning of this word according to the scriptures?
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135 views

Why did SriSailapurna say Sri Ramanuja's brother that Lord Shiva is 'Lila-dveshi'?

I read in a biography of Sri Ramanujacharya that SriSailapurna asked Sri Ramanuja's brother Govinda, who was a devotee of Lord Shiva, to discard Shiva and worship Narayana instead, as Lord Shiva is '...
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403 views

What is the difference between Devata, Upadevata and Apadevata?

What is the difference between Devata, Upadevata and Apadevata? We have come across these terms several times and each is referred to the same entity consciously or not consciously. People use the ...
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1answer
170 views

What is difference between achintya and anirvachaniya?

Gaudiya Vaishnava Vedanta uses a term "achintya" (inconceivable). Advaita Vedanta uses a term "anirvachaniya" (inexplicable). What is difference between achintya and anirvachaniya? In what situations ...
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521 views

Why does ISKCON translate bhagavan as 'Supreme Personality of Godhead' and others as demigod?

Why does ISKCON translate bhagavan as 'Supreme Personality of Godhead' instead of just 'O fortunate one' or 'O glorious one' or 'one with opulences'. Only when Krishna or Vishnu or Rama or other ...
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94 views

What are the different concepts of Maya available in different scriptures and different sects?

What are the different concepts of Maya available in different scriptures and different sects? Please mention the uniqueness of each concept clearly.
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233 views

Scriptural basis for the spirit of the term 'Daridra-Narayana' coined by Swami Vivekananda

To inspire His countrymen to serve the poor masses of India, Swami Vivekananda coined a beautiful term 'Daridra-Narayana'. Can anyone provide a scriptural shloka or instruction that contains the ...
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1answer
67 views

What is meant by Karika bhasya?

What is meaning of Karika bhasya(commentarary)? How is it different from normal bhasyas? What are examples of few Karika bhasyas apart from Gaudapada Karika bhasya on Mandukya upanishad?
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What is the nearest Hindu term for “numinous”?

Wikipedia gives following information for Numinous: Numinous (/ˈnjuːmɪnəs/) is an English adjective, derived from the Latin numen, meaning "arousing spiritual or religious emotion; mysterious or ...
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What is meant by 'kala sarpa'?

Some scriptures contain the word kala sarpa. It is treated as an inauspicious thing. What exactly is kala sarpa?
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1answer
83 views

Where are drona and shiva used as meters, what other meters are there similarly?

I learned recently about Koorathaazhvar and Kulothunga Chola's apparent argument, although I'm not interested in the context it was used, I'm curious about the question, as what and when are these ...
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Is akshaya(अक्षय) used as substitute of thousands (numbers) any where?

Akshaya in Hindu texts is generally translated as everlasting, forever etc., Does Akshaya is used anywhere in the scriptures as a substitute for large numbers (hundreds, thousands etc.,)?
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1answer
62 views

What is Natal chart and where it has been mentioned?

What is meant by Natal chart? Which text describes about Natal chart in detail?
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35 views

What is the meaning of demon names: yAtudAnAs and AtatAyins?

Demons are also called yAtudAnAs and AtatAyins. What are the meanings of these two terms and why demons are called so.
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57 views

What is the difference between consciousness and matter?

I want to know the difference between consciousness, awareness, energy and matter. Also how could we define if any thing is consciousness or not?
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120 views

Difference between Palankarta and Palanhaara

We all are aware of the fact that Lord Vishnu is Palankarta because he takes care of all the lokas like a mother and protects them like a father. He plays Father and Mother role for all lokas. He is ...
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1answer
190 views

What does mayavad and tattvavad mean?

What are the meanings of the terms mayavad and tattvavad? What are the differences between them?
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527 views

What is the difference between a sloka and a mantra?

I see these 2 terms (sloka and mantra) being used interchangeably. But they are not the same. If someone knowledgeable can elaborate on the difference for the benefit of the future users, it would be ...
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1answer
172 views

In a family, does the birth of a son vs daughter, signify anything with respect to Pitru-s (ancestors)?

Scriptures suggest that, a person himself gets reborn as his own children, whether boy or girl. Bhishma said, 'The son is even as one's own self, and the daughter is like unto the son. How, ...
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109 views

What is my religion? [duplicate]

I was watching Satguru (Jaggi Vasudev) video on YouTube where he said that Hindu is not a religion, its a geographical identity and that's why all part of India follows different practices and have ...
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Does kalpa bheda explanation for reconciling different narrative in puranas have scriptural basis?

Some sects use kalpa bheda or manvantara bheda to explain contradictions in the events narrated differently in different puranas and when there exists no way to reconcile them. Does such explanation ...
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0answers
133 views

What's difference between Rishi, Rajarishi, Maha Rishi, Brahma Rishi and Saptarishi? [duplicate]

I have heard a lot about those rishis. I know these are categories or may be level/rank of rishis. "Rishis" are bottom level and "Saptarishi" are top level. But what made them any of these? I mean, If ...
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1answer
141 views

What does the term “Adhikarika Purusha” mean?

What is the meaning of the term "Adhikarika Purusha"? Is it the Vedic equivalent to Abrahamic prophets? Which scriptures mention this term? How is it related to Vedanta? Are there any examples of such ...
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2answers
255 views

On what basis do Hindu philosophies say Atman exist? [duplicate]

Hindu philosophies, especially Vedanta, say there is 'the Self' which is the reason for the existence of our human body. However, science hasn't proven the existence of that. Moreover, according to ...
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131 views

Phrases like “Reflection of the real self” and “Space inside the pot”, are they simply theories?

Are they simply theories or are they actually mentioned in the upanishads? ... When it comes to the example of the two birds sitting on a tree, is it mentioned anywhere in the mundaka & ...
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What is a definition of being a Hindu and can one be a Hindu without being a particular caste? [duplicate]

To illustrate being a Christian means, I have faith that Jesus is the son of God is our saviour, put my faith in Lord the Father, Lord the Christ and the Holy Ghost. Rest all are historic developments....
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374 views

What is the meaning of Para?

Parabrahma, Paramatma, ParaShiva, Parampitha, Paraparam When we insert Para before a word it becomes great. So what is meaning of Para as per our scriptures?
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440 views

What is called for those who have not realized their Saguna or Nirguna bodies?

Whoever has awakened to the true nature of their being is called Brahman in Hindu. What is the called for those, who have not awakened to the true Nature ?
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451 views

What is the difference between Mukti and Moksha

As already requested in my earlier question if the Jivatma didn't stay more than 5 days either in moksha and naraka. However what's the difference between mukti and moksha. Do you someone have any ...
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1answer
99 views

Does yajur Veda samhita also use asura in positive context?

Asura word is used in positive context in rig vedic samhita, but do other Vedas like yajur, atharva use them in same context i.e. positively ?
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How exactly do we define devotion?

I would like to understand the definition of the term 'devotion' from two different perspective: Bachelor person (brahmchari) Married person Reason is that as a bachelor you are free to opt for any ...
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56 views

What is the meaning of “Aum”? [duplicate]

I have heard that many saints saying aum when they are in meditation. Not only saints, but many mantras like: aum namah shivaya; aum sreekrishnaya namah have "aum" present in it. Questions: ...
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174 views

Shaivism or Shivaism?

What is the correct term to use, Shaivism or Shivaism? I could not find a good source about how the word Shaiva (Saiva, Caiva) appeared and when.
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43 views

what is the meaning of Sage? [duplicate]

In an abridged version of Brahmanda Purana, After a while, he saw Indra riding the elephant Iravata. The sage approached Indra, who did not appear to recognise and prostrate to the sage. However, ...