Stack Exchange Network

Stack Exchange network consists of 175 Q&A communities including Stack Overflow, the largest, most trusted online community for developers to learn, share their knowledge, and build their careers.

Visit Stack Exchange

Questions tagged [terminology]

For questions about terms and jargon used in Hinduism.

1
vote
1answer
59 views

What is the exact scriptural meaning of Shraddha?

In chapter 4 verse 39 of Geetha, lord Krishna told that a person with Shraddha achieves gnanam. In this context what is the exact meaning of Shraddha according to scriptures?
3
votes
0answers
98 views

What is the meaning of mahavakya and how was/is it used?

What is the meaning of mahavakya? What was/is it used for, I mean what is its importance? What does mahavakya convey? This is not specifically with respect to Advaita Vedanta, but in general whichever ...
4
votes
2answers
161 views

What is the difference between Avadhuta and Jivanmukta?

What is the main difference between Avadhuta and Jivanmukta?
8
votes
2answers
1k views

Alternative to “rest in peace” (RIP)

What should be said on the death of a Hindu, instead of RIP? I am given to understand that religions like Christianity and Islam use the phrase RIP in relation to a dead person, so that he/she ...
2
votes
1answer
72 views

Who are the Samaneans?

St. Jerome, in his Against Jovinianus bk. 2 (393 A.D.) c. 14, divides the Gymnosophists of India [into two classes,] the one [of which is] called Brahmans, the other Samaneans [Samanæos], who are ...
6
votes
2answers
317 views

What is implied by the word 'Desika'

As titles of some Acharyas, the word 'Desika' or 'Desikan' are used.What is the meaning of this word according to the scriptures?
5
votes
0answers
112 views

Why did SriSailapurna say Sri Ramanuja's brother that Lord Shiva is 'Lila-dveshi'?

I read in a biography of Sri Ramanujacharya that SriSailapurna asked Sri Ramanuja's brother Govinda, who was a devotee of Lord Shiva, to discard Shiva and worship Narayana instead, as Lord Shiva is '...
3
votes
1answer
106 views

What is the difference between Devata, Upadevata and Apadevata?

What is the difference between Devata, Upadevata and Apadevata? We have come across these terms several times and each is referred to the same entity consciously or not consciously. People use the ...
5
votes
1answer
130 views

What is difference between achintya and anirvachaniya?

Gaudiya Vaishnava Vedanta uses a term "achintya" (inconceivable). Advaita Vedanta uses a term "anirvachaniya" (inexplicable). What is difference between achintya and anirvachaniya? In what situations ...
4
votes
1answer
487 views

Why does ISKCON translate bhagavan as 'Supreme Personality of Godhead' and others as demigod?

Why does ISKCON translate bhagavan as 'Supreme Personality of Godhead' instead of just 'O fortunate one' or 'O glorious one' or 'one with opulences'. Only when Krishna or Vishnu or Rama or other ...
3
votes
3answers
87 views

What are the different concepts of Maya available in different scriptures and different sects?

What are the different concepts of Maya available in different scriptures and different sects? Please mention the uniqueness of each concept clearly.
3
votes
1answer
186 views

Scriptural basis for the spirit of the term 'Daridra-Narayana' coined by Swami Vivekananda

To inspire His countrymen to serve the poor masses of India, Swami Vivekananda coined a beautiful term 'Daridra-Narayana'. Can anyone provide a scriptural shloka or instruction that contains the ...
1
vote
0answers
35 views

What is meant by Karika bhasya?

What is meaning of Karika bhasya(commentarary)? How is it different from normal bhasyas? What are examples of few Karika bhasyas apart from Gaudapada Karika bhasya on Mandukya upanishad?
-2
votes
1answer
58 views

What is the nearest Hindu term for “numinous”?

Wikipedia gives following information for Numinous: Numinous (/ˈnjuːmɪnəs/) is an English adjective, derived from the Latin numen, meaning "arousing spiritual or religious emotion; mysterious or ...
1
vote
0answers
36 views

What is meant by 'kala sarpa'?

Some scriptures contain the word kala sarpa. It is treated as an inauspicious thing. What exactly is kala sarpa?
2
votes
1answer
67 views

Where are drona and shiva used as meters, what other meters are there similarly?

I learned recently about Koorathaazhvar and Kulothunga Chola's apparent argument, although I'm not interested in the context it was used, I'm curious about the question, as what and when are these ...
2
votes
0answers
44 views

Is akshaya(अक्षय) used as substitute of thousands (numbers) any where?

Akshaya in Hindu texts is generally translated as everlasting, forever etc., Does Akshaya is used anywhere in the scriptures as a substitute for large numbers (hundreds, thousands etc.,)?
2
votes
1answer
58 views

What is Natal chart and where it has been mentioned?

What is meant by Natal chart? Which text describes about Natal chart in detail?
0
votes
0answers
128 views

What does the term embodied mean?

I know some of you will say that embodied one is the jiva or sookshma sharira, but that's not the answer i'm looking for. I want to know the definition of the term embodied when applied to gita verse ...
1
vote
0answers
31 views

What is the meaning of demon names: yAtudAnAs and AtatAyins?

Demons are also called yAtudAnAs and AtatAyins. What are the meanings of these two terms and why demons are called so.
0
votes
0answers
55 views

What is the difference between consciousness and matter?

I want to know the difference between consciousness, awareness, energy and matter. Also how could we define if any thing is consciousness or not?
3
votes
0answers
75 views

Difference between Palankarta and Palanhaara

We all are aware of the fact that Lord Vishnu is Palankarta because he takes care of all the lokas like a mother and protects them like a father. He plays Father and Mother role for all lokas. He is ...
3
votes
1answer
123 views

What does mayavad and tattvavad mean?

What are the meanings of the terms mayavad and tattvavad? What are the differences between them?
7
votes
2answers
339 views

What is the difference between a sloka and a mantra?

I see these 2 terms (sloka and mantra) being used interchangeably. But they are not the same. If someone knowledgeable can elaborate on the difference for the benefit of the future users, it would be ...
3
votes
1answer
118 views

In a family, does the birth of a son vs daughter, signify anything with respect to Pitru-s (ancestors)?

Scriptures suggest that, a person himself gets reborn as his own children, whether boy or girl. Bhishma said, 'The son is even as one's own self, and the daughter is like unto the son. How, ...
2
votes
1answer
106 views

What is my religion? [duplicate]

I was watching Satguru (Jaggi Vasudev) video on YouTube where he said that Hindu is not a religion, its a geographical identity and that's why all part of India follows different practices and have ...
5
votes
2answers
96 views

Does kalpa bheda explanation for reconciling different narrative in puranas have scriptural basis?

Some sects use kalpa bheda or manvantara bheda to explain contradictions in the events narrated differently in different puranas and when there exists no way to reconcile them. Does such explanation ...
2
votes
0answers
76 views

What's difference between Rishi, Rajarishi, Maha Rishi, Brahma Rishi and Saptarishi? [duplicate]

I have heard a lot about those rishis. I know these are categories or may be level/rank of rishis. "Rishis" are bottom level and "Saptarishi" are top level. But what made them any of these? I mean, If ...
5
votes
1answer
98 views

What does the term “Adhikarika Purusha” mean?

What is the meaning of the term "Adhikarika Purusha"? Is it the Vedic equivalent to Abrahamic prophets? Which scriptures mention this term? How is it related to Vedanta? Are there any examples of such ...
3
votes
2answers
182 views

On what basis do Hindu philosophies say Atman exist? [duplicate]

Hindu philosophies, especially Vedanta, say there is 'the Self' which is the reason for the existence of our human body. However, science hasn't proven the existence of that. Moreover, according to ...
4
votes
1answer
122 views

Phrases like “Reflection of the real self” and “Space inside the pot”, are they simply theories?

Are they simply theories or are they actually mentioned in the upanishads? ... When it comes to the example of the two birds sitting on a tree, is it mentioned anywhere in the mundaka & ...
6
votes
1answer
530 views

What is a definition of being a Hindu and can one be a Hindu without being a particular caste? [duplicate]

To illustrate being a Christian means, I have faith that Jesus is the son of God is our saviour, put my faith in Lord the Father, Lord the Christ and the Holy Ghost. Rest all are historic developments....
1
vote
2answers
272 views

What is the meaning of Para?

Parabrahma, Paramatma, ParaShiva, Parampitha, Paraparam When we insert Para before a word it becomes great. So what is meaning of Para as per our scriptures?
4
votes
3answers
435 views

What is called for those who have not realized their Saguna or Nirguna bodies?

Whoever has awakened to the true nature of their being is called Brahman in Hindu. What is the called for those, who have not awakened to the true Nature ?
4
votes
1answer
296 views

What is the difference between Mukti and Moksha

As already requested in my earlier question if the Jivatma didn't stay more than 5 days either in moksha and naraka. However what's the difference between mukti and moksha. Do you someone have any ...
0
votes
0answers
20 views

At what point of time the SanAtana Dharma was started to be known as “SanAtana Dharma”? [duplicate]

"Hinduism" is typically known as a religion or set of religions . In broader sense, it's also called a "way of life". See: Do any Hindu scriptures say that Hinduism is not a religion but simply a way ...
4
votes
1answer
85 views

Does yajur Veda samhita also use asura in positive context?

Asura word is used in positive context in rig vedic samhita, but do other Vedas like yajur, atharva use them in same context i.e. positively ?
4
votes
0answers
53 views

How exactly do we define devotion?

I would like to understand the definition of the term 'devotion' from two different perspective: Bachelor person (brahmchari) Married person Reason is that as a bachelor you are free to opt for any ...
1
vote
0answers
54 views

What is the meaning of “Aum”? [duplicate]

I have heard that many saints saying aum when they are in meditation. Not only saints, but many mantras like: aum namah shivaya; aum sreekrishnaya namah have "aum" present in it. Questions: ...
5
votes
3answers
154 views

Shaivism or Shivaism?

What is the correct term to use, Shaivism or Shivaism? I could not find a good source about how the word Shaiva (Saiva, Caiva) appeared and when.
1
vote
0answers
42 views

what is the meaning of Sage? [duplicate]

In an abridged version of Brahmanda Purana, After a while, he saw Indra riding the elephant Iravata. The sage approached Indra, who did not appear to recognise and prostrate to the sage. However, ...
10
votes
5answers
467 views

Who is considered Hindu?

Keeping geographical location aside, who is considered to be a Hindu? (i.e. not belonging to other religions) Should that person accept authority of someone (Vedas, some God, philosophy etc.)?
4
votes
1answer
97 views

Does the state of Moksha differ for different sects?

In another question, I asked if Ajamila attained Moksha and the reply was "He attained the abode of Vishnu". Is that only a Vaishnavite definition of Moksha? What other definitions exist in ...
1
vote
0answers
62 views

Is the notion of “Godhead” opposed to Vaishnavite theology?

Wiki of Godhead in Christianity says: Godhead (or godhood), is the divinity or substance (ousia) of the Christian God, the substantial impersonal being of God, as opposed to the individual persons ...
3
votes
0answers
47 views

If Hinduism is not the same as Sanatana Dharma, in what way are they different?

That the names Hinduism was given by foreigners means nothing. After all, "India" is a foreign-origin name. Sanatana Dharma by definition extends back to the remotest past and would live forever. ...
0
votes
0answers
34 views

Is there any definition for gods? [duplicate]

In Hinduism lot of gods available. Is there any definition for gods in Hinduism? How the gods are identified?
8
votes
1answer
173 views

How can everybody attain Moksha if the new descendents are always born & certain Karma-s are always lingering?

Moksha implies freedom from the cycle of rebirth. In theory thus anybody can attain it, including lower species who may ascend to higher consciousness. What about the latest descendents, who will ...
2
votes
0answers
30 views

What is the difference: Tapas (तपस्) vs Yajna (यज्ञ)? [duplicate]

What's the terminology difference between Tapas-austerities and Yajna-sacrifice/perseverance? Also when to choose one over the other?
7
votes
1answer
153 views

When was the expression “Sanatana Dharma” first used and what does it mean?

Does it mean it has existed forever and would exist forever? Does it mean it is changeless? The evidence shows that India is now only 80 percent Hindu and there are all kinds of forces trying to ...
6
votes
2answers
381 views

What does the expression “kalpa bheda” mean?

I see this expression a lot to explain seeming contradictions in puranas. kalpa-bheda could mean difference between kalpas - does that mean all puranic stories happen repeatedly from one kalpa to the ...